Petru Maior

Petru Maior

Petru Maior (circa 1756 in Târgu MureşFebruary 14, 1821 in Budapest) was a Romanian writer who is considered one of the most influential personalities of the Age of Enlightenment in Transylvania (the "Transylvanian School"). Maior was a member of the Greek-Catholic clergy, a historian, philosopher, and linguist.

The "Buda Lexicon", a book published in 1825, included two texts by Petru Maior, "Orthographia romana sive latino-valachica una cum clavi" and "Dialogu pentru inceputul linbei române", in which he introduced the letters ș for /ʃ/ and ț for /ts/, which have since been in use in the Romanian alphabet. [Marinella Lörinczi Angioni, "Coscienza nazionale romanza e ortografia: il romeno tra alfabeto cirillico e alfabeto latino ", "La Ricerca Folklorica", No. 5, La scrittura: funzioni e ideologie. (Apr., 1982), pp. 75-85.]



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