- Dian Wei
Dian Wei Dian Wei wielding his dual halberds as depicted in Peking Opera Battle of Wan General of Cao Cao Born (Unknown) Died 197 Names Simplified Chinese 典韦 Traditional Chinese 典韋 Pinyin Diǎn Wěi Wade-Giles Tien Wei
Dian Wei (died 197) was a military general serving under the warlord Cao Cao during the late Han Dynasty period of Chinese history. Famed for his enormous strength, Dian Wei excelled in wielding dual halberds, each of which was said to weigh 40 jin. He was killed in action at the Battle of Wancheng while covering Cao Cao's escape from enemies.
When he was young, Dian Wei once agreed to kill a rival of his fellow townsman. Disguised as a noble, Dian Wei traveled to his enemy's house in Suiyang and entered the gates without challenge. He then slayed his enemy's entire family. As the victim lived near the market, news of his death soon spread and hundreds of men went on pursuit of the murderer. However, none of them dared to fight Dian Wei, who headed out of town with the pursuers at his heels. After walking four or five li, Dian Wei met his companions and escaped after a fight.
In 189, the regional warlord Zhang Miao was raising an army to join the coalition against Dong Zhuo, who was holding the Emperor Xian hostage in the imperial court. Dian Wei heeded the call. He greatly impressed his superiors when he managed to keep a huge banner swaying in strong wind upright with just one hand, while several other men with their combined efforts could not do so.
Service under Xiahou Dun
Dian Wei later served under Xiahou Dun, a general under Cao Cao. During the campaign against Lü Bu in Puyang, Cao Cao and his troops were caught amidst an onrush by the enemy. Dian Wei gathered scores of men around himself. All of them put on two layers of armor, discarded their shields, and charged towards the enemy holding spears and halberds. Another wave of enemy closing in from the west unleashed a barrage of arrows onto Dian Wei and his men. Oblivious to the missiles, Dian Wei told his comrade, "Tell me when the enemies are ten paces away." His comrade did so. Dian Wei said again, "Tell me when it's five paces." His comrade then cried with fear, "The enemies are upon us!"
Spinning around, Dian Wei flung the dozen javelins he was holding at his enemies. With each fling a man fell from his saddle and not a javelin missed its target. The enemies then retreated. Deeply impressed, Cao Cao promoted Dian Wei to the rank of colonel and made him his own personal bodyguard.
Bodyguard of Cao Cao
Henceafter, Dian Wei was always next to Cao Cao in every battle Cao participated in. He was also loyal and responsible. He stood guard outside Cao Cao's tent throughout the day and slept somewhere close during the night, and rarely returned to his own quarters. The capable warrior was also an extraordinary eater and drinker. He ate in huge mouthfuls and drank in long gulps. Because of his enormous appetite, several men were required to serve him whenever he sat down for meals.
In 197, Cao Cao waged a war against Zhang Xiu, the governor of Wancheng, who immediately surrendered to Cao Cao. Cao Cao was pleased and invited Zhang Xiu and his men to a banquet. During the banquet, Dian Wei stood behind Cao, holding a giant axe, the blade of which was one chi long. Zhang Xiu and his men dared not even look up at the pair whenever they toasted to Cao Cao.
Battle of Wancheng and death
During Cao Cao's stay at Wancheng, he forced Zhang Ji's widow to be a concubine of his, which angered Zhang Xiu. Cao Cao heard of Zhang Xiu's displeasure, and plotted to kill the latter. However, the plan was leaked and Zhang Xiu launched a surprise attack on Cao Cao, leading to the Battle of Wancheng. Cao Cao escaped on horseback. Dian Wei stood guard at the front gate of the camp ground, with a dozen men on his side, and fought fiercely using a long halberd. One swing of the halberd saw more than ten enemy spears broken. As the battle went on, Dian Wei's companions were killed one by one, while Dian was also wounded.
Dian Wei then grabbed two enemies and used them as weapons. No other enemy dared to approach him. Dian Wei rushed forward and killed a few more enemies before finally dying of blood loss. He was still staring and swearing as he took his last breath. Only after assuring that he was dead did the enemies dare to come forward and severed his head, which was passed around for all to see. When the word spread, all the enemies came to revere Dian Wei's body, not believing anyone could fight so ferociously.
When Cao Cao heard of Dian Wei's death, he broke down in tears. He then ordered his men to steal Dian Wei's corpse back so that the warrior could be buried in his hometown. Thereafter, whenever Cao Cao passed by the tomb, he would stop to mourn Dian Wei. Cao Cao also made Dian Wei's son, Dian Man, an officer, and kept him at his side.
Appointments and titles held
- Major (司馬)
- Commandant (都尉)
- Colonel (校尉)
In the book, Dian Wei was introduced to Cao Cao by Xiahou Dun sometime in 193. According to Xiahou Dun, Dian Wei used to serve in Zhang Miao's camp. After killing dozens of comrades with his bare hands following a dispute, Dian Wei escaped to the hills. Xiahou Dun, while out hunting, found Dian Wei chasing a tiger across a stream and brought the man back to his camp.
Cao Cao then asked Dian Wei to demonstrate his martial skills. Carrying his halberds, each of which weighed 40 jin, Dian Wei vaulted himself onto a horse and galloped to and fro. Then he saw a huge banner about to topple in the strong wind. A crowd of soldiers were struggling vainly to hold it up. Dian Wei dismounted and held the banner perfectly steady with just one hand.
Seeing this, Cao Cao exclaimed, "This is E Lai  from the ancient times!" Thus this fictional nickname of Dian Wei stuck with him, and he was henceforth known as "E Lai" Dian Wei. In the novel after his death Cao Cao could not find his body and wept because of this, furthermore he expressed sorrow that Dian Wei who was talented died, while he couldn't feel as much sorrow for his son and nephew who also died in the battle.
- List of people of the Three Kingdoms
- List of Dynasty Warriors characters
- Chen Shou (2002). Records of Three Kingdoms, Volume 18, Biography of Dian Wei. Yue Lu Shu She. ISBN 978-7-80665-198-8.
- Luo Guanzhong (1986). Romance of the Three Kingdoms. Yue Lu Shu She. ISBN 978-7-80520-013-2.
- Lo Kuan-chung; tr. C.H. Brewitt-Taylor (2002). Romance of the Three Kingdoms. Tuttle Publishing. ISBN 978-0-8048-3467-4.
Prominent people at the end of the Han Dynasty (189–220) Emperors WarlordsCao Cao · Ding Yuan · Dong Zhuo · Gongsun Du · Gongsun Zan · Guo Si · Han Sui · Kong Rong · Li Jue · Liu Bei · Liu Biao · Liu Yao · Liu Yu · Liu Zhang · Lü Bu · Ma Teng · Sun Jian · Sun Ce · Sun Quan · Wang Lang · Yan Baihu · Yuan Tan · Yuan Shao · Yuan Shang · Yuan Shu · Zhang Jue · Zhang Lu · Zhang Xiu Advisors GeneralsCao Hong · Cao Ren · Cao Zhang · Chen Dao · Cheng Pu · Dian Wei · Dong Xi · Gan Ning · Gao Shun · Guan Yu · Guan Ping · Han Dang · He Jin · Hua Xiong · Huang Gai · Huang Zhong · Huang Zu · Huangfu Song · Jiang Qin · Li Dian · Liao Hua · Ling Tong · Liu Feng · Lü Meng · Ma Chao · Pan Zhang · Pang De · Taishi Ci · Wei Yan · Wen Chou · Wen Pin · Xiahou Dun · Xiahou Yuan · Xu Chu · Xu Huang · Xu Rong · Xu Sheng · Yan Liang · Yu Jin · Yue Jin · Zang Ba · Zhang Fei · Zhang He · Zhang Liao · Zhang Ren · Zhao Yun · Zhou Tai · Zhou Yu · Zhu Huan · Zhu Ran · Zhu Zhi Others
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Dian Wei — (160 197) : (chinois traditionnel : 典韋, chinois simplifié : 典韦) fut un guerrier chinois, de même que le garde du corps personnel du seigneur de guerre Cao Cao lors de la fin de la dynastie Han en Chine antique. Il devint célèbre… … Wikipédia en Français
Dian Wei — (vereinfacht: 典韦, traditionell: 典韦, Pinyin: Diǎn Wěi; † 197) war ein Krieger der späten Han Zeit und zur Zeit der Drei Reiche im alten China. Er diente dem Kriegsherrn Cao Cao als Leibwächter und wird in der Legende als hochgewachsener, kräftiger … Deutsch Wikipedia
Dian — may refer to: Dian Cecht, the God of healing in Irish mythology Dian (mythology), one of the sons of Carman in Celtic or Irish mythology Diān (滇), an abbreviation for Yunnan, China Dian Fossey, an American zoologist Dian Hong tea, a black tea… … Wikipedia
Dian (disambiguation) — Dian may refer to: * Dian, a person in Celtic mythology * Dian (滇), an abbreviation for Yunnan, China * Dian Cecht, a healer in Irish mythology * Dian Fossey, an American ethologist * Dian Hong tea, a black tea grown in Yunnan, China * The Dian… … Wikipedia
Dian Man — Traditional Chinese 典滿 Simplified Chinese 典满 Transcriptions … Wikipedia
Dian Man — Fils de Dian Wei. Lorsque son père fut tué, il fut nommé par Cao Cao au Corps Impérial et fut pris en charge dans la demeure personnelle de ce denier. Il fut par la suite nommé Commandant et plus tard, lorsque Cao Pi monta au trône, fut promu… … Wikipédia en Français
Personnalites du royaume de Wei — Personnalités du royaume de Wei Voici une liste de personnalités éminentes se rapportant au royaume de Wei ou à la famille Cao, qui régnait sur le nord de la Chine durant le déclin de la dynastie Han et la période des Trois Royaumes (189 265).… … Wikipédia en Français
Personnalités du royaume de Wei — Voici une liste de personnalités éminentes se rapportant au royaume de Wei ou à la famille Cao, qui régnait sur le nord de la Chine durant le déclin de la dynastie Han et la période des Trois Royaumes (189 265). Sommaire 1 Seigneurs de guerre et… … Wikipédia en Français
Personnalités du royaume de wei — Voici une liste de personnalités éminentes se rapportant au royaume de Wei ou à la famille Cao, qui régnait sur le nord de la Chine durant le déclin de la dynastie Han et la période des Trois Royaumes (189 265). Sommaire 1 Seigneurs de guerre et… … Wikipédia en Français
Cao Wei — This article is about the Three Kingdoms state. For the Warring States Period state, see Wei (state). For the Northern and Southern Dynasties state, see Northern Wei. Cao Wei 曹魏 … Wikipedia