- Santa Fe de Nuevo México
Santa Fe de Nuevo México (shortened to Nuevo México or Nuevo Méjico, translated as New Mexico) was a province of
New Spainthat existed from the late 16th century up through the early 19th century. It was centered on the upper valley of the Rio Grande (Río Bravo del Norte), in an area that included most of the present-day U.S. stateof New Mexico. In theory it had variably-defined borders extending into the present-day states of Texas, Colorado, Arizona, and Utah, although actual settlements centered around Santa Fe. For all but the first few years of its existence, its capital was Santa Fe.
The province was founded in 1598 by
Juan de Oñateduring his expedition northward from New Spain; he established a settlement near Ohkay Oweenge Pueblo. The expedition had been authorized by Phillip II and was motivated in part by a desire to restore the fortunes of the Spanish Empirefollowing the disastrous defeat of the Spanish Armadain 1588. The Spanish believed that cities of gold, such as the ones of the Aztecs, whom they had previously conquered, lay to the north in the unexplored territory. Oñate was unable to find such cities, however, he embarked on the conquest of the urbanized Puebloan peoples. He later became the first governor of the province. Oñate hoped to turn the province in a separate viceroyalty from New Spain, but he was unsuccessful. The Spanish were expelled from the territory for 12 years following the Pueblo Revoltof 1680, returning in 1692 in the "bloodless" reoccupation of Santa Fe by Diego de Vargas. The province fell under the jurisdiction of the Audiencia of Guadalajara, with oversight by the Viceroy of New Spain. In 1777 with the creation of the Commandancy General of the Provincias Internas, the province was removed from the purview of the Viceroy and placed solely on the Commandant General.
The province remained in Spanish control until Mexico's declaration of independence in 1821. Under the
1824 Constitution of Mexicoit became the federally-administered Territory of New Mexico.
The area of the former province east of the Rio Grande was claimed by the
Republic of Texasafter 1836, a claim that was disputed by Mexico. In 1844 the Texians sent an expedition, ostensibly for trade but with hopes of occupying the claimed area, but the expedition was captured by Mexican troops; the United States inherited the unenforced claim to the east bank with the Texas Annexation. The US Army under Stephen Kearnyoccupied the territory in 1846 in the Mexican-American Warand Mexico recognized its loss to the United Statesin 1848 with the Mexican Cession. Texas continued to claim the eastern part, but never succeeded in establishing control except in El Paso; in the Compromise of 1850it gave up its claim to areas in today's New Mexico. In 1849, President Zachary Taylorproposed that New Mexico immediately become a state to sidestep political conflict over slavery in the territories, but it only became a state in January 1912.
New Mexico Territory
History of New Mexico
Nueva Vizcaya, New Spain
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Santa Fe de Nuevo México — Provincia del Virreinato de la Nueva España … Wikipedia Español
Santa Fe de Nuevo México — 1598 – 1821 … Wikipédia en Français
Santa Fe (Nuevo México) — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Para otros usos de este término véase Santa Fe (desambiguación). City of Santa Fe Ciudad de Santa Fe Vista de la Ciudad de Santa Fe, Nuevo México … Wikipedia Español
Nuevo México — may mean: In Mexico Nuevo México, Chiapas Nuevo México, Jalisco Santa Fe de Nuevo México (historical); the province or kingdom of which Santa Fe was the capital. In the United States of America the state of New Mexico … Wikipedia
Nuevo México — Para otros usos de este término, véase Nuevo México (desambiguación). Estado de Nuevo México State of New Mexico Estado de los Estados Unidos … Wikipedia Español
Nuevo México (desambiguación) — El término Nuevo México hace referencia a: Nuevo México, uno de los 50 estados de los Estados Unidos de América. Nuevo México, una localidad y ciudad del municipio mexicano de Zapopan, Jalisco. Santa Fe de Nuevo México, antigua provincia del… … Wikipedia Español
Nuevo México — (New Mexico) es uno de los estados que conforma los Estados Unidos de América. Limita al N con el estado de Colorado (estado) , al NE con el estado de Oklahoma ,al E y SE con el estado de Texas ,al SO con México (estados de Chihuahua y Sonora),… … Enciclopedia Universal
Nuevo Mexico — Nouveau Mexique New Mexico State of New Mexico [ anglais ] Estado de Nuevo México [ espagnol ] État du Nouveau Mexique … Wikipédia en Français
Nuevo México — Nouveau Mexique New Mexico State of New Mexico [ anglais ] Estado de Nuevo México [ espagnol ] État du Nouveau Mexique … Wikipédia en Français
Santa Cruz Pueblo Nuevo (Pueblo Nuevo) — Original name in latin Santa Cruz Pueblo Nuevo (Pueblo Nuevo) Name in other language State code MX Continent/City America/Mexico City longitude 19.1 latitude 99.65806 altitude 2905 Population 1634 Date 2013 08 01 … Cities with a population over 1000 database