- Central University for Nationalities
Central University of Nationalities (zh-sp|s=中央民族大学|p=Zhōngyāng Mínzú Dàxúe) is a national-level
universitylocated in Beijing, China designated for minority nationalities. It is colloquially known as "Míndà" in Putonghuaand "CUN" in English.
The university awards
undergraduate-level degrees in more than 40 academic subjects, usually after four years of study. Postgraduateprogrammes are offered for about half of these. While young people from the majority Han group are the largest single ethnicity amongst the 8,000 or so students, the minority nationalities are the great majority of the students and more than one third of the academic staff.
By far the strongest research areas are
anthropologyand ethnology, which are the mainstays of its small publishing house and journal. In 2001, the People's Dailydescribed CUN as "China's top academy for ethnic studies." [http://fpeng.peopledaily.com.cn/200106/15/eng20010615_72663.html] Other respected departments are the danceschool and the various minority language and literature departments. Other subjects are often studied from the ethnic minorities' perspective, e.g., biology courses may focus on the flora and fauna found in ethnic minority areas of China.
CUN also participates actively in
social sciencesresearch. CUN's social science departments are ranked twentieth in mainland China.Fact|date=April 2008 In particular, CUN's economics, management, law and history departments are growing into be dynamic research institutions with the help of Project 985.
CUN is the pinnacle of a national network of institutions maintained by the State Ethnic Affairs Commission, although academic standards are also monitored by the State Education Commission, which means some students end up sitting for two sets of exams.
In English-speaking countries, CUN's main partners are the
University of East London, United Kingdom, and the Oregon University System USA.
Communist Party of Chinafirst established a Nationalities Institute in its Civil War stronghold of Yan'an, in central China, in October 1941. In 1950- 1952, this was merged with other ethnolinguistic and sociological departments, including elements of Peking Universityand Tsinghua University. The result was the Central Institute for Nationalities, which officially opened on 11 June 1952. The Institute was assigned a large area of parkland on the outskirts of Beijingas its campus.
Both the Yan'an and Central institutes were intended to train cadres (officials) for ethnic minority areas, as well as providing a
liberal artseducation for promising students from the minorities. Their research was and is intended to support the policies of the State Ethnic Affairs Commission. In its early years, the Institute was caught up in the sensitive issue of classifying China's vast population into official ethnic groups, until the Cultural Revolutionmade conventional education almost impossible.
With the advent of
Deng Xiaoping's reform and opening up policy (c. 1978), the Institute went through considerable changes. On the down side, it lost most of its campus to a variety of development projects and it is now in a heavily built-up area. Financial pressures in the early 21st century led to a rapid rise in student numbers, particularly of Han students (who are usually more qualified and wealthier).
On the other hand, the Institute expanded into science subjects during the 1980s and achieved university status on
30 November 1993. In 1999 it was granted "key university" status as part of " Project 211", which was supposed to identify one hundred Chinese universities which would play leading roles in the 21st century. Since 2004 the university has been a participant in Project 985, a major national programme to raise 39 universities to world-class status. The campus has been almost completely reconstructed as part of this programme.
Meanwhile, Haidian has continued to develop as
Beijing's main university district. CUN is now adjacent to the National Library of Chinaand Zhongguancun, which local media refer to as "China's silicon valley" [http://www.china.org.cn/english/features/beijing/30837.htm] . In 2006 a large site was acquired in Beijing's Fengtaidistrict, and it is likely that a second campus will be constructed there.Cite web|url=http://edu.people.com.cn/GB/1053/4999827.html|title=中央民族大学可能迁至丰台区校方尚未证实|accessdate=2008-04-03|year=2006|work=People's Daily Online|language=Mandarin]
The Central University for Nationalities dominates one side of the Weigongcun (zh-sp|s=魏公村|p=Wèigōngcūn) area, also home to
Beijing Foreign Studies Universityand Beijing Institute of Technology. It has restaurants from a wide variety of ethnic minorities. According to CUN anthropology professor Zhuang Kongshao, the area has been the Uyghur ghetto in Beijing since the Yuan Dynasty, when it was known as Weiwucun ("Uyghur village", presumably zh-sp|s=维吾村|p=Wéiwúcūn) and was a local shopping area. The Qingscholar Qiao Songnian claimed in 1834 that the Uyghurs had been brought there by Yuan Taizu. The name Weigongcun is first recorded only in 1915, and removes any reference to Uyghurs.Cite web|url=http://www.chinaheritagenewsletter.org/editorial.php?issue=003|title=Mistaken Identities?Focus on Cultural Heritage Protection in Xinjiang|accessdate=2008-09-27|year=2005|work=China Heritage Newsletter|language=English] Cite web|url=http://english.peopledaily.com.cn/english/200103/20/eng20010320_65476.html|title=Xinjiang Street - Anthropologist's Paradise|accessdate=2008-09-27|year=2001|work=People's Daily Online (citing China Daily)|language=English] Others attribute the ethnic variety solely to the presence of CUN.cite journal | author=Laurence J. C. Ma and Biao Xiang| title=Native Place, Migration and the Emergence of Peasant Enclaves in Beijing| journal=The China Quarterly| year=1998| issue=155| page=546-581| url=http://www.jstor.org/pss/655950] Most of the Uyghur district was razed around 2001. Baranovitch notes that "the Xinjiang Village of Weigongcun became according to many people a centre of criminal activity", including "drug dealing".cite journal | author=Nimrod Baranovitch| title=From the Margins to the Centre: The Uyghur Challenge in Beijing| journal=The China Quarterly| year=2003| issue=175| page=726-750| url=http://journals.cambridge.org/action/displayAbstract;jsessionid=86BC95670D5B2F709BD4E16EFCF2E851.tomcat1?fromPage=online&aid=182891]
Notable students and faculty
Erkin Abdulla, Uyghur-language pop singer
Han Geng, singer from the Korean band Super Junior
Fei Xiaotong, sociologist and anthropologist
Song Zuying, singer of classical Chinese and Western songs, who performed at the 2008 Summer Olympics closing ceremony
Zhang Chengzhi, writer, once audited a class in Kazakh [cite news|title=影响中国社科院博导的书籍 (Books which have influenced the professors at the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences)|publisher=Xinhua News Agency|date=2004-03-15|accessdate=2007-04-17|url=http://news.xinhuanet.com/book/2004-03/15/content_1367224.htm]
Other universities for ethnic minorities in the People's Republic of China:
Dalian University for Nationalities
Guangxi University for Nationalities
Northwest University for Nationalities
Qinghai University for Nationalities
South-Central University for Nationalities
Southwest University for Nationalities
Yunnan University for Nationalities
Inner Mongolia University for Nationalities
"The Central University for Nationalities" (undated, but c.2000). Beijing: CUN International Relations Office. A prospectus for Chinese and foreign students; the source for many of the dates and statistics in the first section.
*Official website: [http://www.cun.edu.cn/gljg/guoji/International%20Relations%20Dept/Foreign%20Affaris%20Office.htm English] and [http://www.cun.edu.cn/ (Chinese)]
* [http://www.nol.net/~cevin/CUN/ Unofficial website by a former student]
* [http://www.china.org.cn/english/features/beijing/31056.htm Feature of the "University for Ethnic Communities"]
* [http://cun.6dxy.com/ Campus real three-dimensional map]
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