Fort Campbell


Fort Campbell

Infobox Military Structure
name=Fort Campbell
location=Ten miles northwest of downtown Clarksville, Tennessee and ten miles south of Hopkinsville, Kentucky


caption=Shoulder sleeve insignia of units stationed at Fort Campbell
type=Army post
built=1941
materials=
used=1941–Present
controlledby=U.S. Army
garrison=101st Airborne Division
160th Special Operations Aviation Regiment
5th Special Forces Group
commanders=
battles=

Fort Campbell is a United States Army installation located between Hopkinsville, Kentucky, and Clarksville, Tennessee, and is home to the 101st Airborne Division.

The fort is named in honor of BG William Bowen Campbell, the last Whig Governor of Tennessee. [ [http://www.campbell.army.mil/ftchistory.htm A History of Fort Campbell, Kentucky] 14 August 2006. Retrieved 21 March 2007.]

History

The site for Camp Campbell was selected on July 16,1941, and the Title I Survey was completed November 15, 1941, coincidentally the same time the Japanese Imperial Fleet was leaving Japan home waters for Pearl Harbor, with construction beginning January 12, 1942. Within a year, the reservation designated as Camp Campbell was developed to accommodate one armored division and various support troops, with a total size of convert|102414|acre|km2|0, and billets for 2,422 officers and 45,198 enlisted personnel. Due to its close proximity to Clarksville, Tennessee, the War Department on March 6 1942, designated Tennessee as the official address of the new camp. This caused a great deal of confusion, since the Headquarters was in Tennessee and the post office was in Kentucky. After many months of mail delivery problems, Col Guy W.Chipman requested that the address be changed to Camp Campbell, Kentucky. The War Department officially changed the address on September 23, 1942.

Early in the summer of 1942, the post's initial cadre, one officer and 19 enlisted men, arrived from Fort Knox, Kentucky. From that time until the end of World War II, Camp Campbell was the training ground for the 12th, 14th and 20th Armored divisions, Headquarters IV Armored Corps and the 26th Infantry Division.

In the spring of 1949, the 11th Airborne Division arrived at Campbell following occupation duty in Japan. The 11th was in residence there until early 1956.

By April 1950, the post had evolved from a wartime training camp to a permanent installation and was renamed Fort Campbell.

On September 21, 1956, Secretary of the Army Wilbur M. Bruckner and the Army Chief of Staff, GEN. Maxwell D. Taylor, presented the colors of the 101st Airborne Division to MG T.L. Sherbourne, the first commander of the new ROTAD airborne division. This was the official ceremony reactivating the famed "Screaming Eagles" of World War II.

On May 2, 1966, Third Army General Order 161 directed the activation of a Basic Combat Training Center at Fort Campbell. On July 6, barely two months after its activation, Fort Campbell's Army Training Center received its first 220 newly inducted soldiers. Basic Combat Training began on schedule July 11 with a full complement of 1,100 trainees. The Training Center operated until April 15, 1972, when it was deactivated

The 1st Brigade was sent for duty in Vietnam in July 1965. Soon thereafter, upon the escalation of hostilities in Southeast Asia, the rest of the division arrived. Also in response to the military buildup, the 6th Infantry Division was reactivated at Fort Campbell on November 24, 1966, and inactivated July 25, 1968.

In September of 1971 the 173rd Airborne Brigade returned to Fort Campbell and conducted its official homecoming ceremonies, which were presided over by Secretary of Defense Melvin Laird. The 173rd was then redesignated as the 3rd Brigade, 101st Airborne Division (Airmobile). On April 6, 1972, the 101st Airborne Division (Airmobile) was officially welcomed back to its home station after the cessation of hostilities in Vietnam. The ceremonies were attended by Vice President Spiro T. Agnew and General William C. Westmoreland, Army Chief of Staff.

Notable crime incidents at Fort Campbell

On July 5th, 1999, PFC Barry Winchell, 21, of 2nd battalion, 502nd Infantry Regiment, was bludgeoned to death with a baseball bat in his barracks. [Thomas Hackett. The Execution of Private Barry Winchell: The Real Story Behind the "Don’t Ask, Don’t Tell" Murder. "Rolling Stone", 2 March 2000. At Archive.org.] The murder was committed by Private Calvin Glover, who was egged on by SPC. Justin Fisher. [Staff report (January 9, 2000). Soldier Pleads Guilty In Gay Slaying Case. "New York Times" ] . Apparently the motive was punishing Winchell for falling in love with Calpernia Addams, a transsexual showgirl. Winchell died at Vanderbilt University Medical Center in Nashville. Glover was later convicted for the murder, while Fisher was convicted of lesser crimes. Fisher was released to a halfway house in August 2006, and was later released from all custody. Glover received a life sentence and is eligible for parole after 15 years.Fact|date=May 2008

On October 13 2005, Fort Campbell made international headlines when Private Nicholas Mikel opened fire on a group of soldiers training at the base. Private Mikel was arrested soon thereafter and charged with attempted murder. In April 2006 he was convicted of attempted premeditated murder and sentenced to 25 years imprisonment. [ [http://www.accessmylibrary.com/coms2/summary_0286-14958110_ITM DeBary soldier gets 25 years in firing at troops: At a court-martial, the Army private said he had been trying to kill a sergeant] , "Orlando Sentinel", April 21 "2006"]

Current operations at Fort Campbell

Changes to the 101st Airborne are intended to make the Army more capable to deal with today's threats. The post is expecting another 2,000 troops, with the addition of another brigade, bringing the total active-duty population of Fort Campbell to around 28,000.

The Sabalauski Air Assault School, named after Command Sergeant Major Walter James Sabalauski is located here. Courses taught include Air Assault, Pathfinder, Pre-Ranger, Basic Airborne, Jumpmaster Refresher, and Rappel Master. FRIES/SPIES Master courses are also taught. The school is also home to the Division’s Parachute Demonstration Team.

The commanding general of both Fort Campbell and 101st Airborne Division (Air Assault) is currently Major General Jeffrey J. Schloesser. The post's current garrison commander is Colonel Fredrick Swope.

Kentucky has limited rights to taxation: Individuals performing services on the Kentucky portion of Fort Campbell only pay taxes to the state where they are residents, refer to [http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/4/115.html US Code Title 4, Chapter 4, §115]

See also

* Fort Campbell North, Kentucky (for information on the census-designated place)
* Sergeant Hasan Akbar

References

External links

* [http://www.campbell.army.mil/ Fort Campbell Home Page] - official site
* [http://wickhamstonepark.com/FortCampbell.htm Kneeling Soldier statue in front of Soldier's Chapel] by Enoch Tanner Wickham
*dmoz|Regional/North_America/United_States/Government/Military/Army/Installations/Fort_Campbell/|Fort Campbell


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Fort Campbell — ist ein Stützpunkt der United States Army, der sich ungefähr 10 Meilen nordwestlich von Clarksville, Tennessee und zehn Meilen südlich von Hopkinsville, Kentucky befindet. Der Ort wurde am 16. Juli 1941 ausgewählt und ist im Gedenken an Brigadier …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Fort Campbell — a military reservation in SW Kentucky and NW Tennessee, NW of Clarksville, Tenn., and SW of Hopkinsville, Ky. * * * …   Universalium

  • Fort Campbell — a military reservation in SW Kentucky and NW Tennessee, NW of Clarksville, Tenn., and SW of Hopkinsville, Ky …   Useful english dictionary

  • Fort Campbell (Gambia) — Fort Campbell war eine Festung auf der Binneninsel Janjanbureh Island im Gambia Fluss auf dem Gebiet des heutigen westafrikanischen Staates Gambia. 1827 wurde am westlichen Ende der Insel bei Fatota das Fort als Nachfolgebau von Fort George… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Fort Campbell North — Fort Campbell North, KY U.S. Census Designated Place in Kentucky Population (2000): 14338 Housing Units (2000): 2967 Land area (2000): 3.967087 sq. miles (10.274708 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000) …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Fort Campbell North, KY — U.S. Census Designated Place in Kentucky Population (2000): 14338 Housing Units (2000): 2967 Land area (2000): 3.967087 sq. miles (10.274708 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 3.967087 sq. miles (10 …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Fort Campbell North, Kentucky — Infobox Settlement official name = Fort Campbell North, Kentucky settlement type = CDP nickname = motto = imagesize = image caption = image |pushpin pushpin label position =left pushpin map caption =Location within the state of Kentucky pushpin… …   Wikipedia

  • Fort Campbell North — Original name in latin Fort Campbell North Name in other language State code US Continent/City America/Chicago longitude 36.65429 latitude 87.46056 altitude 166 Population 13685 Date 2011 05 14 …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Holiday Inn Express Hotel Fort Campbell-Oak Grove — (Oak Grove,США) Категория отеля: 3 звездочный отель Адрес …   Каталог отелей

  • Quality Inn Fort Campbell — (Oak Grove,США) Категория отеля: 2 звездочный отель Адрес: 201 Auburn St …   Каталог отелей


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.