- Finnish war children
World War IIsome 70,000 Finnish children ( _fi. sotalapset) were evacuated from Finlandto Scandinavia, chiefly to Sweden. Most were evacuated during the Continuation Warto ease the situation for their parents who set out to rebuild their homes in the re-conquered Karelia returning from the evacuation of Finnish Karelia. The first surge of evacuees arrived, however, during the Winter Warwhen the Finns had reasons to fear a humanitarian catastrophe following the expected Soviet occupation.
In retrospect, the evacuation has been considered psychologically flawed, as the separations turned out to inflict a far greater damage on the evacuees than the damage suffered by those children who had remained by their parents in Finland. In comparison to Finland's approximately 23,000 military casualties in the Winter War, the 66,000 in the Continuation war, and the total of 2,000 civilian casualties – and the roughly equally many seriously wounded – the war children were, of course, not physically injured, let alone killed. However, their number is of about the same size as that of the war invalids, and many of them feel their sufferings to be ignored.
After the war Finland experienced times of economic hardship, and also substantial insecurity with regard to the Soviet Union's plans for Finland, which resulted in the delay of the return of the children for several years. Ultimately about 20% of the war children stayed with their foster families after the war, who often adopted them, which spared them another traumatic separation. Many more returned to Sweden as adults, when the prolonged post-war hardship in Finland pushed large contingents of unemployed Finns to Sweden's booming economy in the 1950s–60s.
The exact figures remain unknown.
Spanish War children, children evacuated from the north of the Second Spanish Republicduring the Spanish Civil Warto Britain, Belgium, the Soviet Union and other European countries.
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