Finnish war children

Finnish war children

During World War II some 70,000 Finnish children ( _fi. sotalapset) were evacuated from Finland to Scandinavia, chiefly to Sweden. Most were evacuated during the Continuation War to ease the situation for their parents who set out to rebuild their homes in the re-conquered Karelia returning from the evacuation of Finnish Karelia. The first surge of evacuees arrived, however, during the Winter War when the Finns had reasons to fear a humanitarian catastrophe following the expected Soviet occupation.

In retrospect, the evacuation has been considered psychologically flawed, as the separations turned out to inflict a far greater damage on the evacuees than the damage suffered by those children who had remained by their parents in Finland. In comparison to Finland's approximately 23,000 military casualties in the Winter War, the 66,000 in the Continuation war, and the total of 2,000 civilian casualties – and the roughly equally many seriously wounded – the war children were, of course, not physically injured, let alone killed. However, their number is of about the same size as that of the war invalids, and many of them feel their sufferings to be ignored.

After the war Finland experienced times of economic hardship, and also substantial insecurity with regard to the Soviet Union's plans for Finland, which resulted in the delay of the return of the children for several years. Ultimately about 20% of the war children stayed with their foster families after the war, who often adopted them, which spared them another traumatic separation. Many more returned to Sweden as adults, when the prolonged post-war hardship in Finland pushed large contingents of unemployed Finns to Sweden's booming economy in the 1950s–60s.

The exact figures remain unknown.

ee also

*Spanish War children, children evacuated from the north of the Second Spanish Republic during the Spanish Civil War to Britain, Belgium, the Soviet Union and other European countries.

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • War children — This article is about children with a foreign military parent. For children used as soldiers, see Military use of children. For the mass evacuation of children from Finland during the Continuation War, see Finnish war children. For children of… …   Wikipedia

  • Finnish Civil War — Tampere s civilian buildings destroyed in the civil war. Date …   Wikipedia

  • Finnish literature — Introduction       the oral and written literature produced in Finland in the Finnish, Swedish, and, during the Middle Ages, Latin languages.       The history of Finnish literature and that of Swedish literature are intertwined. From the mid… …   Universalium

  • War of 1812 — This article is about the Anglo American War of 1812 to 1815. For other wars in 1812, see War of 1812 (disambiguation). War of 1812 The unfinished United States Capitol after the burning of Washington. Watercolor and i …   Wikipedia

  • war — war1 /wawr/, n., v., warred, warring, adj. n. 1. a conflict carried on by force of arms, as between nations or between parties within a nation; warfare, as by land, sea, or air. 2. a state or period of armed hostility or active military… …   Universalium

  • Finnish Orthodox Church — Coat of arms Founder Nicholas II in 1892 Independence 1917 Reco …   Wikipedia

  • Finnish literature — bears evidence of the strong influence of the country s tumultuous history. For a long time the language of the government and of those in control wasn t the majority language, Finnish. Many of the greatest works revolve around achieving or… …   Wikipedia

  • Children (song) — Children Single by Robert Miles from the album Dreamland …   Wikipedia

  • Children of the Grave — Song by Black Sabbath from the album Master of Reality Released July 21, 1971 Recorded Record Plant, Los Angeles, California Genre …   Wikipedia

  • children's literature — Body of written works produced to entertain or instruct young people. The genre encompasses a wide range of works, including acknowledged classics of world literature, picture books and easy to read stories, and fairy tales, lullabies, fables,… …   Universalium

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.