Battery Point Light


Battery Point Light

Infobox Lighthouse



caption = Battery Point Light
location = Crescent City, California
coordinates = coord|41.744|N|124.2032|W|region:US_type:landmark
yearlit = 1856
automated = 1953
yeardeactivated = 1965-1982
foundation = Natural Emplaced
construction = Brick
shape = white cylindrical brick tower on square granite house
height = 45 ft
lens = Fourth order Fresnel lens
range =
characteristic = white flash every 30 s.
admiralty = G4417.5
ARLHS = USA-043
USCG = 6-0555

Battery Point Light is a lighthouse in Crescent City, California, United States. It is registered as California Historical Landmark number 951.

History

It was one of the first lighthouses on the California coast. Rugged mountains and unbridged rivers meant coastal travel was essential for the economic survival of this region. In 1855, Congress appropriated $15,000 for the construction of a lighthouse on the tiny islet, which is connected to Battery Point by an isthmus at low tide. Although not included in the 1852 contract by the United States Lighthouse Service for the first eight west coast lighthouses, the Battery Point Lighthouse was actually lit ten days before the Humboldt Harbor Lighthouse, the last of the original eight to become operational. The fourth-order Fresnel lens was lit in 1856. The lighthouse was automated in 1953, and a modern 375mm lens replaced the fourth-order Fresnel lens. Theophilis Magruder [http://genealogy.wikia.com/wiki/Theophilus_Richard_Magruder_%281799-1886%29 Family History] was the station's first keeper; Wayne Piland was its last before automation in 1953. In 1964, the strongest earthquake ever recorded in the northern hemisphere with a moment magnitude of 9.2, causing a tsunami. The lighthouse survived, but the following year, the modern beacon that replaced the Fresnel lens in the tower was switched off, and a flashing light at the end of the nearby breakwater served as the harbor's navigational aid. In 1982, the light in the lighthouse tower was lit again, and the Battery Point Lighthouse was listed as a private aid to navigation.

Battery Point Lighthouse and Museum

The Del Norte Historical Society operates the Battery Point Lighthouse and Museum. The lighthouse is open to the public from April through September, tides permitting, between the hours of 10 AM and 4 PM, Wednesday through Sunday. Visits to the Battery Point Lighthouse and Island are only possible at low tides. It is recommended that you [http://tbone.biol.sc.edu/tide/tideshow.cgi?site=Crescent+City%2C+California&units=f research tide times] before visiting, as the tide rises very quickly at the point and the land bridge to the lighthouse can disappear rapidly. The museum includes the lighthouse keeper's quarters with period furniture and artifacts left behind since the 1850's, as well as displays of maritime artifacts, photos and historical documents. Tours include a climb into the light tower.

External links

* [http://www.delnortehistory.org/lighthouse/ Del Norte Historical Society: Battery Point Lighthouse and Museum]
* [http://www.lighthousefriends.com/light.asp?ID=58 Lighthouse Friends]


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