Healesville railway line, Melbourne


Healesville railway line, Melbourne

VictorianRailwayLineInfobox
type = mel
name = Healesville
yearcommenced =
yearopened = 1889
yearcompleted =
yearclosed = 1983
fate = Yarra Valley Tourist Railway
lengthkm = 25.2
stations = 6
tracks = Single track
users =
servicepattern =
RollingStock =
connections = Lilydale and Warburton lines

The Healesville railway line, in Melbourne, Australia, was the non-electrified continuation of the suburban Lilydale line, extending into the Yarra Valley. The line closed in the 1980s, but a heritage railway group is working to retain part of the line.

History

The Lilydale railway line was extended to Yarra Flats (now known as Yarra Glen) on the 15 May 1888 with intermediate stations at Coldstream and Yering. Part of the structure included a long timber viaduct with 502Verify source|date=July 2007 openings near Yarra Glen, spanning the Yarra River and the adjacent flood plains. The extension of the line from Yarra Glen to Healesville on March 1, 1889 required a 1 in 40 climb into a 154.4 metre tunnel with a corresponding descent at nearly the same grade.Opened at the same time was the intermediate station of Tarrawarra.

Traffic on the line included timber, livestock, milk and dairy products. Early timetables included regular goods services specifically for transporting milk.

The last regular steam passenger service was hauled in August, 1964. From this time until closure of the line in 1980, passenger services were run using diesel-electric rail motors. As from December 9 1980 all services were withdrawn, except for some goods services to Coldstream. The line was officially closed to all traffic on March 10, 1983Fact|date=February 2007.

Around 2003 the uncontrolled level crossings at Beresford Rd and the Macintyre Lane were effectively removed by simply rebuilding the roads at a slightly raised level, burying the tracks beneath the bitumen. This was advantageous for the bus company whose depot is situated near the Beresford Rd crossing as buses are required to come to a complete stop at uncontrolled level crossings even if the rail line is disused. Stopping is no longer necessary now that the crossing has been removed.

Services

The Healesville line had both passenger and freight services. The passenger services generally ran as a shuttle between Lilydale and Healesville stations. The freight services transported local timber, live-stock, and dairy products. Early trains running on the line included a daily evening "mixed milk and passenger train" and a single milk train on Sundays.

Prior to electrification reaching Lilydale in November 1925, the line was operated by 'A2' locomotives. After this time passenger trains on the Healesville and Warburton lines were run by two electric motor carriages from Melbourne to Lilydale, at which place 'K' or 'D3' steam locos took the carriages onto Healesville and Warburton.

On the 28 October 1957 the steam hauled 7-day-a-week service was replaced by a 153hp Walker railmotor operating four services a day each way and three on weekends. Prior to this, services were limited to three each way on weekdays and two each way on weekends. On April 21 1958 the Victorian Education Department subsidised school trains using a Walker railcar. This rail car service crossed with other services at Yarra Glen until 1972.

Trains Operating on the Line

Throughout the existence of the line many steam and diesel locomotives and railcars operated on the Healesville line.
*R class steam locomotives (1889-)
*D class steam locomotives (1908-)By 1913 all classes of locomotives were permitted on the line, however by 1918 all classes but the C class were allowed.
*A2 locomotives (ceased by 1925)
*J, K and D3 steam locomotives (ceased regular service in 1964).
*T and B class diesels (1952-62).
*Y class diesel (until the line's official closure)
*Walker railcar (1957-78).
*DERM 62 (1978-79)
*DERM 58 (1979-80)Towards the closure of the line the DERM (Diesel Electric Rail Motor) was only permitted a maximum speed on 30km/h and no locomotive-hauled passenger trains were permitted. Only "Y" class diesels could haul the freight services due to the deterioration of the track condition, which resulted in the derailment of T401 on the 5 August 1980.

Current status

The Yarra Valley Tourist Railway currently run trolley trains from Healesville to the Tarrawarra Winery, crossing the Watts River, under the Donovan's Road overbridge and through the tunnel.

There are plans in place to improve the line from Healesville to Tarrawarra to a standard suitable for the running of Rail Motors, with further goals being reconstruction to Yarra Glen and Lilydale.

The tourist railway is in possession of a number of locomotives, including two Victorian Railways J-class steam engines, a T-class diesel-electric locomotive, a W-class diesel-hydraulic locomotive and one diesel electric rail motor (DERM).

List of stations

Services to Healesville mostly departed from Lilydale.

ee also

*Yarra Valley Tourist Railway


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