Jarosław Kaczyński


Jarosław Kaczyński

Infobox Officeholder
name = Jarosław Kaczyński


imagesize = 200px
small

caption =
order = Prime Minister of the Republic of Poland
13th Prime Minister of the Third Polish Republic
term_start = July 14 2006
term_end = November 16 2007
vicepresident =
viceprimeminister = Ludwik Dorn, Zyta Gilowska, Przemysław Gosiewski, Andrzej Lepper, Roman Giertych
deputy =
president = Lech Kaczyński
primeminister =
predecessor = Kazimierz Marcinkiewicz
successor = Donald Tusk
order2 = 2nd Chief of the Office of the President of the Republic of Poland
term_start2 = December 22 1990
term_end2 = October 31 1991
vicepresident2 =
viceprimeminister2 =
deputy2 =
president2 = Lech Wałęsa
primeminister2 =
predecessor2 = Michał Janiszewski
successor2 = Janusz Ziółkowski
order3 = Acting Minister of Agriculture
term_start3 = September 22 2006
term_end3 = October 16 2006
vicepresident3 =
viceprimeminister3 =
deputy3 =
president3 = Lech Kaczyński
primeminister3 = Jarosław Kaczyński
predecessor3 = Andrzej Lepper
successor3 = Andrzej Lepper
order4 = Acting Minister of Agriculture
term_start4 = July 9 2007
term_end4 = July 31 2007
vicepresident4 =
viceprimeminister4 =
deputy4 =
president4 = Lech Kaczyński
primeminister4 = Jarosław Kaczyński
predecessor4 = Andrzej Lepper
successor4 = Wojciech Mojzesowicz
order5 = Acting Minister of Sport and Tourism
term_start5 = July 9 2007
term_end5 = July 13 2007
vicepresident5 =
viceprimeminister5 =
deputy5 =
president5 = Lech Kaczyński
primeminister5 = Jarosław Kaczyński
predecessor5 = Tomasz Lipiec
successor5 = Elżbieta Jakubiak
birth_date = birth date and age|1949|06|18
birth_place = Warsaw, People's Republic of Poland
death_date =
death_place =
constituency =
party = Law and Justice
spouse = Single; Never married
profession = Lawyer
religion = Roman Catholic [cite news
url = http://wiadomosci.wp.pl/kat,5551,wid,8779789,wiadomosc.html?ticaid=138a0
title = Premier: nie akceptuję gry politycznej Giertycha
language = Polish
publisher = Wirtualna Polska
date = 2006-03-20
accessdate = 2007-04-10
]


footnotes =

Audio|Pl-Jarosław Kaczyński.ogg|Jarosław Kaczyński pronounced|jaˈrɔswaf kaˈtʂɨɲski (born June 18, 1949) is a Polish politician who was Prime Minister from July 2006 to November 2007. He presently is the chairman of the Law and Justice party, which he co-founded in 2002. He has a Doctor of law degree.

After the 2007 electoral defeat of PiS Kaczyński stepped down from office as Prime Minister, after the first meeting of the new Sejm. [ [http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/europe/7054912.stm BBC NEWS | Europe | Massive win for Polish opposition ] ]

Family background

Jarosław Kaczyński is the identical twin brother of Lech Kaczyński, the President of Poland. Jarosław and Lech were born in Warsaw, Jaroslaw 45 minutes before Lech. [cite news
first=Matthew
last=Day
url=http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/main.jhtml?xml=/news/2005/09/27/wpol27.xml
title=Twins who stole the Moon are poised to run away with Poland
publisher=The Guardian
date=September 27, 2005
accessdate=2007-07-08
] The Kaczyński brothers are sons of Rajmund (an engineer who served as a soldier of the Armia Krajowa in World War II and a veteran of the Warsaw Uprising) and Jadwiga (a philologist at the Polish Academy of Sciences). As children, the brothers starred in the 1962 Polish film "The Two Who Stole the Moon" ( _pl. O dwóch takich, co ukradli księżyc), based on a popular children's story by Kornel Makuszyński. [cite news
first = Simon
last = Araloff
url = http://www.axisglobe.com/article.asp?article=394
title = Kaczynski Brothers: Movie Stars That Turned Politicians
publisher = Axis News
date = 2005-09-23
accessdate = 2007-04-10
] .

Jarosław Kaczyński has never married.

Early career

Jarosław Kaczyński was a member of the Solidarity Trade Union in the 1980s. He was the executive editor of Tygodnik Solidarność weekly in 1989-1991. In 1991, together with Lech, he created the right wing "Porozumienie Centrum" party, and later on he became its chairman (until 1998). During 1991-1993 and 1997-2005 he was a member of the Polish Parliament (Sejm).

Elections, 2005

Jarosław Kaczyński was the "Law and Justice" prime minister candidate in the September 2005 Polish parliamentary election [cite news
first = Adam
last = Easton
url = http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/europe/4268114.stm
title = Polish twins in leadership race
publisher = BBC News Online
date = 2006-09-21
accessdate = 2007-04-10
] . However, when the party emerged as winner of the election, Jarosław pledged that he would not take the position, expecting that his nomination would reduce the chances of Lech who was a candidate for the October presidential election.

Jarosław Kaczyński was the architect of the coalition with the left wing populist "Self-Defense of the Republic of Poland" ( _pl. "Samoobrona") and the deeply conservative Christian "League of Polish Families" party. Party-member Kazimierz Marcinkiewicz was appointed Prime Minister.

Lech won the presidential election and was appointed President on December 23, 2005. Soon after, during a live TV broadcast Lech addressed his brother saying "I report mission accomplished" , a statement that raised controversy about the president's independence.

In the succeeding months, Jarosław Kaczyński was described as a frontbench MP and the leader of his party. Many also described Jarosław Kaczyński as Poland's most influential politician. He was said to have enormous influence on the Prime Minister's decision-making process.

Controversial incidents involving Jarosław Kaczyński

* On October 1, 2006 Jarosław Kaczyński, at a pro-government rally in Gdańsk Shipyard, compared the opposition to ZOMO, a paramilitary riot police unit during the communist period. [cite news
url = http://wiadomosci.wp.pl/kat,1342,wid,8531916,wiadomosc.html
title = J. Kaczyński: precz z komuną i postkomuną!
language = Polish
publisher = Wirtualna Polska
date=2006-10-01
accessdate=2007-04-10
]

* In December 2006 Kaczynski joined the 15th anniversary celebrations of the controversial Radio Maryja, which has been accused of anti-Semitism and criticized by the Vatican, and praised the station as a source of “comfort and hope”. [cite news|=http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2006/12/07/AR2006120701098.html|publisher=Washington Post|title=Poland PM Praises Catholic Radio Station|date=2006-12-07|accessdate=2007-10-22] [cite news|url=http://www.iht.com/articles/ap/2006/12/07/europe/EU_GEN_Poland_Catholic_Radio.php|publisher=International Herald Tribune|title=Poland's premier praises controversial Radio Maryja on its 15th anniversary|date=2006-12-07|accessdate=2007-10-22] Kaczynski warned that "an attack on Radio Maryja is an attack against freedom". [cite news|url=http://www.radiomaryja.pl/artykuly.php?id=311|language=Polish|title=Atak na Radio Maryja to atak przeciwko wolności|publisher=Radio Maryja|date=2006-05-02|accessdate=2007-10-22]

* Asked for the role which Poland's neighbor Germany plays for him, Kaczyński replied: "All I know about Germany is the toilets in Frankfurt Airport, and that is enough anyway" (cited in the German news broadcast Tagesschau from June 20, 2007). [cite web
first = Thomas
last = Rautenberg
url = http://www.tagesschau.de/aktuell/meldungen/0,,OID6966900_REF1,00.html
title = Polens Ablehnung der EU-Reform
language = German
publisher = Tagesschau
date = 2007-06-20
accessdate = 2007-06-20
]

* During a television debate on October 12, 2007 his opponent Donald Tusk described how in the early 1990s he met Kaczynski in an elevator of the Sejm building and Kaczynski pulled out a gun and said "to me, killing you is like spitting on you". Kaczynski denied this incident later, but admitted carrying a gun in the parliament during those times. [cite web
url = http://wiadomosci.gazeta.pl/Wiadomosci/1,80708,4574679.html
title = Czy Kaczyński mierzył do Tuska z "malutkiego pistoleciku"?
language = Polish
publisher = Gazeta Wyborcza online
date = 2007-10-12
accessdate = 2007-10-14
]

* On March 6, 2008, during an interview published on the Party Web site, he criticized plans to introduce online voting saying "I am not an enthusiast of a young person sitting in front of a computer, watching video clips and pornography while sipping a bottle of beer and voting when he feels like it." [cite web
url = http://www.reuters.com/article/technologyNews/idUSL1241936920080312
title = Internet for pornography, not voting: Ex Polish PM
publisher = Reuters online
date = 2008-03-12
accessdate = 2008-03-12
] [cite web
url = http://www.tvn24.pl/12690,1541919,wiadomosc.html
title = Internauci oglądają pornografię i piją piwo
language = Polish
publisher = TVN 24 online
date = 2008-03-11
accessdate = 2008-03-12
]

Prime Minister

Following reports of a rift between Marcinkiewicz and Jarosław Kaczyński, Marcinkiewicz tendered his resignation on July 7 2006 and Jarosław was appointed Prime Minister by the President Lech Kaczyński on July 10 and officially sworn in on July 14, following the formation of cabinet and a confidence vote in the Sejm. [cite news
url = http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/europe/5159994.stm
title = Poland's prime minister resigns
publisher = BBC News Online
date = 2006-07-07
accessdate = 2007-04-10
] [cite news
url = http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=20601085&sid=aZ_976eFsBXU
title = Polish President Appoints His Twin Brother as Premier
publisher = Bloomberg
date = 2006-07-10
accessdate = 2007-04-10
] [cite news
url = http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/europe/5179886.stm
title = Polish head swears in twin as PM
publisher = BBC News Online
date = 2006-07-14
accessdate = 2007-04-10
] During Lech Kaczynski's election campaign in 2005, he had pledged that should he win, Jaroslaw would not become Prime Minister. [ [http://www.newint.org/columns/worldbeaters/2007/04/01/kaczynski/ Two for the price of one, in the shape of Tweedledum and Tweedledee | April 2007 | New Internationalist ] ]

Electoral defeat, 2007

Even though Law and Justice gained votes, overall it lost the parliamentary election on October 21, 2007, finishing a distant second behind the Civic Platform. Kaczyński has become a leader of the opposition and has lost his position as prime minister.

ee also

* Porozumienie Centrum
* Prawo i Sprawiedliwość

References

External links

*pl icon [http://pl.wikisource.org/wiki/Portret_Postkomunizmu Portret Postkomunizmu]

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