Frank Sherwood Rowland


Frank Sherwood Rowland
Frank Sherwood Rowland

At the inaugural World Science Summit, May 2008
Born June 28, 1927 (1927-06-28) (age 84)
Delaware, Ohio
Nationality United States
Fields chemistry
Institutions University of California, Irvine
Alma mater Ohio Wesleyan University (B.A.), University of Chicago (Ph.D.)
Doctoral advisor Willard Libby
Known for ozone depletion
Notable awards 1995 Nobel Prize in Chemistry

Frank Sherwood Rowland (born June 28, 1927) is an American Nobel laureate and a professor of chemistry at the University of California, Irvine. His research is in atmospheric chemistry and chemical kinetics.

Born in Delaware, Ohio, Rowland received his B.A. from Ohio Wesleyan University in 1948. He then earned his M.S. in 1951 and his Ph.D. in 1952, both from the University of Chicago. He held academic posts at Princeton University (1952–56) and at the University of Kansas (1956–64) before becoming a professor of chemistry at the University of California, Irvine, in 1964. At Irvine in the early 1970s he began working with Mario Molina. Rowland was elected to the National Academy of Sciences in 1978, and served as a president of American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) in 1993.

His best-known work is the discovery that chlorofluorocarbons contribute to ozone depletion. Rowland theorized that manmade organic compound gases combine with solar radiation and decompose in the stratosphere, releasing atoms of chlorine and chlorine monoxide that are individually able to destroy large numbers of ozone molecules. Rowland's research, first published in Nature magazine in 1974, initiated a scientific investigation of the problem. The National Academy of Sciences concurred with their findings in 1976, and in 1978 CFC-based aerosols were banned in the United States.

He received the 1995 Nobel Prize in Chemistry along with Mario Molina of MIT and Paul Crutzen of the Max Planck Institute for Chemistry in Mainz, Germany. The Physical Sciences Building at the University of California, Irvine, which held his laboratories for many years, was renamed Rowland Hall in his honor that same year.

He has won numerous awards for his work:

References

  • MJ Molina and FS Rowland "Stratospheric Sink for Chlorofluoromethanes: Chlorine Atom-Catalysed Destruction of Ozone" Nature 249 (28 June 1974):810-2 doi:10.1038/249810a0

External links


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Frank Sherwood Rowland — F. S. Rowland en el Festival Mundial de la Ciencia en Nueva York, 2008 …   Wikipedia Español

  • Frank Sherwood Rowland — (* 28. Juni 1927 in Delaware, Ohio) ist ein amerikanischer Chemiker. Im Jahr 1943 hat Rowland die High School abgeschlossen und hat an der Ohio Wesleyan University studiert. Erst im Jahr 1945 wurde er in die Armee einge …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Frank Sherwood Rowland — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Rowland. Frank Sherwood Rowland. Franklin Sherwood Rowland (28 juin 1927) est un chimiste …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Chemienobelpreis 1995: Paul Josef Crutzen — Mario José Molina — Frank Sherwood Rowland —   Der Niederländer Crutzen, der Mexikaner Molina und der Amerikaner Rowland erhielten gemeinsam den Nobelpreis für »ihre Arbeiten zur Chemie der Atmosphäre, insbesondere über Bildung und Abbau von Ozon«.    Biografien   Paul Joseph Crutzen, *… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Sherwood Rowland — Frank Sherwood Rowland Pour les articles homonymes, voir Rowland. Frank Sherwood Rowland. Franklin Sherwood Rowland, né le 28 juin …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Rowland , Frank Sherwood — (1927–) American chemist Born in Delaware, Ohio, Rowland was educated at Wesleyan University, Ohio, and at the University of Chicago, where he gained his PhD in 1952. After holding teaching posts at Princeton and Kansas, Rowland moved to the… …   Scientists

  • F. Sherwood Rowland — Frank Sherwood Rowland. Frank Sherwood Rowland (* 28. Juni 1927 in Delaware, Ohio) ist ein amerikanischer Chemiker. Im Jahr 1943 hat Rowland die High School abgeschlossen und hat an der Ohio Wesleyan University studiert. Erst im Jahr 1945 wurde… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • F. Sherwood Rowland — Frank Sherwood Rowland Pour les articles homonymes, voir Rowland. Frank Sherwood Rowland. Franklin Sherwood Rowland, né le 28 juin …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Rowland (surname) — Rowland is a common surname, and may refer to:*Alfred Rowland (1844 1898), U.S. Representative from North Carolina *Barrington Rowland (born 1980), Indian cricketer *Bo Rowland, American college football coach *Brian Rowland, Canadian soccer… …   Wikipedia

  • Rowland — ist Familienname folgender Personen Alfred Rowland (1844–1898), US amerikanischer Politiker Austen Rowland (* 1981), US amerikanischer Basketballspieler Charles Hedding Rowland (1860–1921), US amerikanischer Politiker Earl Jerrod Rowland (* 1983) …   Deutsch Wikipedia


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