Arms Export Control Act


Arms Export Control Act

The Arms Export Control Act gives the President of the United States the authority to control the import and export of defense articles and defense services. It requires governments that receive weapons from the United States to use them for legitimate self-defense. Export are prohibited to a country that "contribute to an arms race, aid in the development of weapons of mass destruction, support international terrorism, increase the possibility of outbreak or escalation of conflict, or prejudice the development of bilateral or multilateral arms control or nonproliferation agreements or other arrangements." [UnitedStatesCode|22|2778(a)(2).] It also places certain restrictions on American arms traders and manufacturers, prohibiting them from the sale of certain sensitive technologies to certain parties and requiring thorough documentation of such trades to trusted parties.

In March 2007, ITT Corporation was fined for criminal violation of the act. The fines resulted from ITT's outsourcing program, in which they transferred night vision goggles and classified information about countermeasures against laser weapons, including light interference filters to engineers in Singapore, the People's Republic of China, and the United Kingdom. [http://biz.yahoo.com/ap/070327/itt_fine.html?.v=3 "ITT Fined $100M for Illegal Tech Exports" Tuesday March 27, 8:44 pm ET; Sue Lindsey, Associated Press Writer] They were fined $100 million US dollars, although they were also given the option of spending half of that sum on research and development of new night vision technology. The United States government will assume rights to the resulting created intellectual property. [http://www.theregister.co.uk/2007/03/27/itt_fined_for_illegal_exports/ "ITT Fined for Illegal Exports" Tuesday March 27, The Register; Drew Cullen]

U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) conducts an industry outreach program called the Project Shield America to prevent foreign adversaries, terrorists, and criminal networks from obtaining U.S. munitions and strategic technology. [ [http://www.ice.gov/pi/news/factsheets/shield071204.htm Project Shield America ] ]

References

External links

* [http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/html/uscode22/usc_sup_01_22_10_39.html Text of the act]
* [http://www.ice.gov/partners/employers/illegaltrade/index.htm Information on Illegal Arms trade] from United States Immigration and Customs Enforcement
* [http://www.bis.doc.gov/licensing/ExportingBasics.htm Details from the Bureau of Industry and Security, part of the Department of Commerce]


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