- Arthur II, Duke of Brittany
Arthur II (
July 2, 1262– August 27, 1312), of the House of Dreux, was Duke of Brittanyfrom 1305 to his death. He was the first son of John II and Beatrice, daughter of Henry III of Englandand Eleanor of Provence.
After he inherited the ducal throne, he gave his brother John their father's English
earldom of Richmond.
As duke, Arthur was independent of the French crown. He divided his duchy into eight "battles": Leon, Kernev, Landreger, Penteur, Gwened, Naoned, Roazhon, and Sant Malou. In 1309, he convoked the first
estates general(the ancestor of the Breton parliament) in Brittany. It was the first time in French history that the third estatewas represented.
Arthur died at
Château de L'Isleand was interred in a marble tomb of the cordeliersof Vannes. The tomb was vandalised during the French Revolution, but repaired and is on display today.
Marriages and children
In 1275, Arthur married
Mary, Viscountess of Limoges, daughter of Gui VI, Viscount of Limogesand Margaret, Lady of Molinot. Her maternal grandparents were Hugh IV, Duke of Burgundyand his first wife Yolande of Dreux. They were parents of three children:
John III, Duke of Brittany( March 8, 1286- April 30, 1341).
Guy de Dreux, Count of Penthievre(1287 - 1331). Father of Joanna of Dreux.
*Pierre de Dreux (1289 - 1312).
Mary died in 1291. In May, 1292, Arthur was re-married to
Yolande de Dreux, Countess of Montfort, daughter of Robert IV, Count of Dreuxand Beatrice de Montfort. They were parents of seven children:
*Jeanne de Dreux (1294 - 1363). Married Robert, Lord de Cassell.
John IV, Duke of Brittany( 1295- September 16, 1345).
*Beatrice de Dreux (1295 - 1384). Married
Guy X, Lord of Laval.
*Jeanne de Dreux (1296 - 1364). Married
Robert, Count of Marle.
*Alice de Dreux (1297 - 1377). Married
Bouchard VI, Count of Vendôme.
*Blanche de Dreux (born c. 1300). Considered to have died young.
*Marie de Dreux (1302 - 1371). A nun.
Dukes of Brittany family tree
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