Brentwood (borough)


Brentwood (borough)

Brentwood is a local government district and borough in Essex in the East of England.

History

It is named after the town of Brentwood which is the main development in the area. Originally 'Burnt wood' as the area was largely used by Charcoal Burners. There are still large areas of woodland including Shenfield Common, Hartswood (named after its last private owner Mr. Hart, now open to public), Weald Country Park, and Thorndon Country Park. The district was formed in 1974 from the former area of Brentwood Urban District, Epping and Ongar Rural District and part of Chelmsford Rural District. By royal charter, the district became a borough on 27 April 1993.

Boundaries

To the north west it borders the Epping Forest district and to the east it borders Basildon district. To the south west the borough has a boundary with Greater London and the London Borough of Havering with the M25 motorway forming part of the Greater London boundary. The London, Tilbury and Southend Railway forms the southern boundary with the borough and unitary authority of Thurrock.

Transport

The main transport links run in a south-west to north east direction through the Borough with other important links running west to east.

Brentwood, Shenfield and Ingatestone railway stations connect to Liverpool Street (westbound) in the City of London, and to Chelmsford and Southend-on-Sea (eastbound); whilst West Horndon connects to Fenchurch Street (westbound), also in the City of London, and to Tilbury and Southend-on-Sea (eastbound).

Shenfield is at a major rail junction with eastbound routes to Southend-on-Sea and Southminster and north-easterly main line to East Anglia. Fast main line services operate from Liverpool Street to Shenfield and, to a lesser extent, Ingatestone while Brentwood is served by a high frequency but slower stopping service.

A major artery running through the borough is the A12 dual-carriageway, running from London to Chelmsford, then Colchester, the ports of Harwich and Felixstowe, Ipswich, Lowestoft, and finally Great Yarmouth. The old Roman road (A1023) goes right through the centre of Brentwood and joins the A12 (that bypasses the town) at the far ends of Brentwood. Within different parts of Brentwood the A1023 is called (from west to east) Brook Street, London Road, High Street, Shenfield Road, and Chelmsford Road. The other main road is the A127 which separates from the A12 near Romford and then proceeds easterly to Southend-on-Sea.

Brentwood Borough Council

:"Further information: Brentwood local elections"

The Borough Council is now Conservative dominated despite, only a few years previously, having been Liberal Democrat controlled. Following the 2008 council elections the make-up of Brentwood Borough Council is 28 Conservative, 6 Liberal Democrat, 2 Labour and 1 Independent.

Past chairmen and mayors

* 1973-74 G. Green
* 1974-75 E. Nicholson
* 1975-76 G. Jennings
* 1976-77 A. Gregg
* 1977-78 Mrs. A. Bloomfield
* 1978-79 J. Weber
* 1979-80 W. Brocklebank
* 1980-81 E. Walker
* 1981-82 A. Ready
* 1982-83 Mrs. D. Hobbs
* 1983-84 K. Brown
* 1984-85 E. Ramsey
* 1985-86 A. Witts
* 1986-87 E. Mather
* 1987-88 P. Adams
* 1988-89 C. Colley
* 1989-90 P. Hodgson
* 1990-91 A. Earl
* 1991-92 J. Shawcross
* 1992-93 A. Slaymark

The district of Brentwood received a Royal Charter in 1993 granting it the status of a borough, therefore giving its chairman the title of Mayor.

* 1993 A. Slaymark
* 1993-94 Mrs. E. Bottomley
* 1994-95 D. Higgins
* 1995-96 Ms. V. Fletcher
* 1996-97 C. Myers
* 1997-98 Mrs. A. Long
* 1998-99 Mrs. M. Hogan
* 1999-00 H. Bailey
* 2000-01 D. Minns
* 2001-02 A. Davies
* 2002-03 D. M. Hardy
* 2003-04 Mrs. S. Howe
* 2004-05 Mrs. M. Brehaut
* 2005-06 K. Wright
* 2006-07 Mrs. J. McGinley
* 2007-08 F. Kenny
* 2008-09 D. Payne

Education

List of secondary schools

* [http://www.aesessex.co.uk/ Anglo European School]
* [http://www.bchs.essex.sch.uk/ Brentwood County High School]
*Brentwood School
* [http://etb.digitalbrain.com/e2bn/leas/e99/schools/etb/web/ Brentwood Ursuline Convent School]
* [http://www.sawyershall.org.uk/ Sawyers Hall Lane College of Science and Technology] (formerly Hedley Walter High School)
* [http://www.shenfield.essex.sch.uk/ Shenfield High School]
* [http://www.st-martins.essex.sch.uk/new_version/index.htm St Martin's School]

List of primary schools

*Bentley St. Paul's Church of England School
*Blackmore Primary School
*Doddinghurst Church of England Primary School
*Doddinghurst Infant School
*Hogarth Primary School
* [http://www.hollytreesprimaryschool.co.uk/index.asp?textpage=home Holly Trees Primary School]
*Hutton All Saints Church of England Primary School
* [http://www.ingatestonefryerning.ik.org/ Ingatestone and Fryerning Church of England Primary School]
*Ingatestone Infant School
*Ingrave Johnstone Church of England Primary School
* [http://www.kelvedonhatch.essex.sch.uk/ Kelvedon Hatch Community Primary School]
*Larchwood Primary School
*Long Ridings Primary School
* [http://www.mountnessingschool.co.uk/ Mountnessing Church of England Primary School]
* [http://www.helens.ik.org St. Helen's Catholic Infant School]
*St. Helen's Catholic Junior School
*St. Joseph the Worker Roman Catholic Primary School
*St. Mary's Church of England Primary School
* [http://www.st-peters-southweald.essex.sch.uk St. Peter's Church of England Primary School]
* [http://www.stthomascantinf.ik.org St. Thomas of Canterbury Church of England Infant School]
* [http://www.stthomasofcanterbury.ik.org St. Thomas of Canterbury Church of England Junior School]
* [http://www.endeavour.essex.sch.uk The Endeavour School]
*Warley Primary School
*West Horndon Primary School
* [http://www.willowbrook.essex.sch.uk Willowbrook Primary School] (formerly Brookfield School)

Information on schools without official websites can be found on the [http://www.brentwood.gov.uk/index.php?id=30&cid=198&lid=211 Brentwood Council website]

List civil parishes and settlements in the borough

;Unparished
*Brentwood
*Childerditch
*Great Warley
*Hutton
*Little Warley
*Pilgrims Hatch
*Shenfield
*Warley;Parished
*Blackmore, Hook End and Wyatts Green
**Blackmore
**Hook End
**Wyatts Green
*Doddinghurst
*Ingatestone and Fryerning
**Ingatestone
**Fryerning
*Kelvedon Hatch
*Mountnessing
*Navestock
*Stondon Massey
*Herongate and Ingrave
**Herongate
**Ingrave
*West Horndon

Twinning

Brentwood is twined with Roth bei Nürnberg in Germany and Montbazon in France.

References


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