- United States Customs Service
Infobox Government agency
agency_name = United States Customs Service
seal_width = 150px
July 31, 1789
March 1, 2003
U.S. Customs and Border Protection
Federal government of the United States
parent_agency = Department of the Treasury
website = [http://www.customs.gov www.customs.gov]
Until March 2003, the United States Customs Service was the portion of the U.S. federal government dedicated to keeping illegal products outside of U.S.
borders. It also regulated what could leave the United States and was partially responsible for who could enter the United States.
Responding to the urgent need for revenue following the
American Revolutionary War, the First United States Congresspassed and President George Washingtonsigned the Tariff Act of July 4, 1789, which authorized the collection of duties on imported goods. Four weeks later, on July 31, the fifth act of Congress established the United States Customs Service and its ports of entry.
For over 100 years after its birth, the U.S. Customs Service was the primary source of funds for the entire government, and paid for the nation's early growth and infrastructure. Purchases include the
Louisianaand Oregonterritories; Floridaand Alaska; funding the National Roadand the Transcontinental Railroad; building many of the nation's lighthouses; the U.S. Militaryand Naval academies, and Washington D.C.
With the passage of the
Homeland Security Act, the U.S. Customs Service passed from under jurisdiction of the Treasury Departmentto the Department of Homeland Security.
March 1, 2003, parts of the U.S. Customs Service combined with the Inspections Program of the Immigration and Naturalization Service, Plant Protection and Quarantine from USDA, and the Border Patrol of the Immigration and Naturalization Serviceto form U.S. Customs and Border Protection. The Federal Protective Service, along with the investigative arms of the U.S. Customs Service and the Immigration and Naturalization Service, combined to form U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement.
Examples of illegal items
Cuban products without a specific license for their importation, such as cigars.
fruits and meats
*Excessive quantities of
*Undeclared liquor over allowable limits
*Tobacco products over allowable limits
*Undeclared money or monetary instruments over $10,000
*Undeclared firearms and weapons
This table lists all Commissioners of Customs, their dates of service, and under which administration they served.
Computer Assisted Passenger Prescreening System
* [http://www.cbp.gov/ United States Customs & Border Protection]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
United States Customs Service — n. The government service that collects customs duties, seizes contraband, processes people and goods coming in and out of the United States, and enforces applicable trade statutes. The Essential Law Dictionary. Sphinx Publishing, An imprint of… … Law dictionary
United States Customs Service — U.S. Govt. the division of the Department of the Treasury that collects customs and enforces laws dealing with smuggling. * * * … Universalium
United States Customs Service — U.S. Govt. the division of the Department of the Treasury that collects customs and enforces laws dealing with smuggling … Useful english dictionary
United States Customs Service — An agency of the Treasury Department charged with enforcing laws relative to imports. Bloomberg Financial Dictionary … Financial and business terms
United States Secret Service — Common name Secret Service Abbreviation USSS … Wikipedia
United States Marshals Service — USMS Staatliche Ebene Bundesbehörde Stellung der Behörde Zivile Justizbehörde … Deutsch Wikipedia
United States Secret Service — USSS Staatliche Ebene Bundesbehörde Stellung der Behörde … Deutsch Wikipedia
United States Marshals Service — U.S. Marshals redirects here. For the 1998 film, see U.S. Marshals (film). United States Marshals Service Common name Marshals Service, U.S. Marshals Abbreviation USMS … Wikipedia
United States Marshal Service — Siegel des US Marshals Service Der United States Marshals Service, abgekürzt USMS, ist eine Behörde des Justizministeriums der Vereinigten Staaten. Deren Vollzugsbeamten sind Justizvollzugsbeamte mit rechtspflegerischen … Deutsch Wikipedia
United States Postal Service — This article is about the government agency. For individual post offices, see U.S. Post Office (disambiguation). For the cycling team, see Discovery Channel Pro Cycling Team. USPS redirects here. For the non profit boating safety and education… … Wikipedia