Llantrisant


Llantrisant

infobox UK place
latitude=51.54229
longitude=-3.37849
country =Wales
official_name=Llantrisant
lieutenancy_wales=Mid Glamorgan
constituency_westminster=Pontypridd
constituency_welsh_assembly=Pontypridd,
South Wales Central Electoral Region
post_town=LLANTRISANT
postcode_district = CF72
postcode_area=CF
dial_code=01443
os_grid_reference=ST045835
population=4,205 [ [http://www.neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk/dissemination/LeadKeyFigures.do?a=3&b=5939149&c=Llantrisant&d=14&e=16&g=419271&i=1x3x4&m=0&enc=1 Llantrisant Town (Ward)] , 2001 Census: Census Area Statistics: National Statistics. UK government. Retrieved 23 July 2006.]
unitary_wales=Rhondda Cynon Taff
OldMapsYear= 1885
OldMapsEasting= 304500
OldMapsNorthing= 183500
OldMapsCounty= 10glamo481

Llantrisant is a town in the county borough of Rhondda Cynon Taff, within the historic county boundaries of Glamorgan, Wales, lying on the River Ely and the River Clun. A settlement has existed on this site from at least the beginning of the 6th century, when the poet Aneurin wrote of 'the white houses of Glamorgan' when referring to Llantrisant. cite web |title=Llantrisant timeline |url=http://www.llantrisant.net/timeline.htm|accessdate=2008-08-30|publisher=Llantrisant freemen website|year=2006 |work=Llantrisant Town Trust ] The town's name translates as The Parish of the Three Saints. The three saints in question are St Illtyd, St Gwynno and St Dyfodwg. Llantrisant is a hilltop settlement, at an altitude of 174 m (565 ft) above sea level. It was seized around 1246 by Richard de Clare who built Llantrisant Castle. It is thought that de Clare established the borough of Llantrisant though the exact charter occurred in 1346. ["The Welsh Academy Encyclopaedia of Wales". John Davies, Nigel Jenkins, Menna Baines and Peredur Lynch (2008) pg507. ISBN 9780708319536]

In 1346, Llantrisant was granted a Royal Charter months before the archers from the town helped Edward, the Black Prince, win a victory against the French army at the Battle of Crecy. The Llantrisant longbow men were pivotal in the adoption of the English longbow as the missile weapon of choice for the English crown during the Middle Ages. Llantrisant was one of the eight boroughs constituting the Glamorgan borough following the Act of Union, a status it held until 1918.

Culture

An ancient tradition called the "Beating of the Bounds", [ [http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/wales/south_east/2969750.stm http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/wales/south_east/2969750.stm] , BBC News online: . Retrieved 7 June 2003.] where local children are bounced by elders onto the boundary stones of the old borough, still occurs to modern times. This event occurs every seven years and has its roots set as far back as the 14th century. The rite was intended as a reminder to each generation of the importance of the borough boundaries. The children in question are held under the arms and the legs, and their backside is bounced on each of the stones of the old borough. It is believed that the Beating of the Bounds started in 1346, when Llantrisant was awarded its Royal Charter. This allowed them the freedom to trade without paying tolls within the boundaries of the former borough. The last occasion of this event was in June 2003, but the event is now seen as a purely historic tradition and social community event.

At nearby Tarren Deusant is a spring with unusual petrosomatoglyph carvings of two faces, two saints (1696), but now six are present (Sharp 1979).

Llantrisant is known for its pub culture with a number of venues including The New Inn, the Wheatsheaf and the Cross Keys Hotel. Formerly in the Bull Ring was the Rock and Fountain pub, which became the home of the original Llantrisant Workingmen's Club in May 1953, it was founded by Freeman of Llantrisant, Seth Morgan.

Notable buildings

The focal point of the town is the Bull Ring, a commercial square in the centre of the town that was used for bull-baiting, until it was disallowed in 1827 due to unruly crowds. cite web |title=Llantrisant timeline|url=http://www.llantrisant.net/timeline2.htm|accessdate=2008-08-30|publisher=Llantrisant freemen website|year=2006 |work=Llantrisant Town Trust ] The square contains a statue of Dr William Price a pioneer of cremation. ["The Welsh Academy Encyclopaedia of Wales". John Davies, Nigel Jenkins, Menna Baines and Peredur Lynch (2008) pg507. ISBN 9780708319536]

Model House

The first workhouse in Glamorgan opened in Llantrisant in May 1784, using a number of adapted cottages on Swan Street and part of the Black Cock pub on Yr Allt, a road to the south west of the Bull Ring, between the parish church (to the west) and the castle (to the east).

The Union Workhouse was built in 1884 on the Bull Ring - west of where Dr Price's statue stands today and behind the town pump. It became known as The Model House, in the rather optimistic belief that its inmates would lead a life of model Christianity. Two pubs, a shop and a cottage were demolished to make way for the expansion of the workhouse.

The building closed as a workhouse in the early 1900s and first became a boarding house, then an inn and later a general store, called County Stores. They were known as a cornflour and provisions merchant, and a linen and woolen drapers, also selling boots and shoes. The site was bought in the 1950s by 'Planet Gloves', who manufactured gloves there until the late 1960s. The Model House stood empty for many years before being bought by the local authority to convert into a craft and design centre. cite web |title=Destination RCT - The Model House|url=http://www.destinationrct.co.uk/1054/the-model-house|accessdate=2008-08-30|publisher=Rhondda Cynon Taf CBC|year=2008|work=RCTCBC]

In 1989 the Model House re-opened in its current guise - as a craft and design centre. A registered charity, Model House has been funded by the Arts Council of Wales cite web |title=The Arts Council of Wales 2006/07 Budget|url=http://www.artswales.org.uk/viewnews.asp?id=499|accessdate=2008-08-30|publisher=The Arts Council of Wales |date=2006-03-01|work=The Arts Council of Wales ] since the demise of the Arts Council of Great Britain in 1994, receiving about 35,000 visitors a year. cite web |title=Exhibitions at the Model House Llantrisant|url=http://www.valelife.co.uk/aut_07/whaton/model.htm|accessdate=2008-08-30|publisher=Vale Life|date=2007/2008|work=Vale Life] The ground floor contains galleries that include glass, ceramics and designer jewellery from established British and local artists. The upper floors have workshops for individual craftspeople, whose work can be purchased either from their studio or from the ground floor shop. cite web |title=Model House|url=http://modelhousecraft.co.uk/index.php?page=about-us|accessdate=2008-08-30|publisher=The Model House |year=2008|work=The Model House ] Model House shows a programme of art and crafts exhibitions throughout the year and hosts a varied series of workshops, where adults and children can learn the basics of a wide range of contemporary craft skills. cite web |title=Model House exhibitions|url=http://modelhousecraft.co.uk/index.php?page=exhibitions
accessdate=2008-08-30|publisher=The Model House |year=2008|work=The Model House
]

Llantrisant Castle

Llantrisant Castle stands in parkland in the centre of the town though only one wall of the raven tower remains. Although initially built as a wooden fortification it was rebuilt as a stone structure around 1246 by Richard de Clare, Lord of Glamorgan. In 1294 the castle was damaged during the uprising against the Norman overlords, led by Madog ap Llywelyn. It is believed that the castle was destroyed in 1404 by Owain Glyndwr though there is no written proof of the event. John Leland reported the castle as ruined in his writings in 1536. [ [http://www.llantrisant.net/timeline.htm Llantrisant Timeline] ]

Llantrisant Parish Church and Penuel Chapel

By the early 1900s Llantrisant had eight chapels, as well as the [http://www.parishofllantrisant.org.uk/_parish_church.html parish church] . Only two religious buildings remain. The elder is the church of 'y tri sant'. The three saints to which the church is dedicated are St. Illtyd, St. Gwynno and St. Dyfodwg. The site is believed to have been a place of Christian worship since at least the 7th century, and in 1096 the parish church was built and dedicated. The church was rebuilt by Richard de Clare in 1246 in the Norman style [ [http://www.parishofllantrisant.org.uk Parish of Llantrisant website] ] and in the 15th century the tower was added. Its interior houses an effigy of a 13th century warrior, believed to be Cadwgan, lord of Miskin, a valuable Welsh church monument. The interior was restored in 1874 by Welsh neo-gothic designer John Prichard. The second religious building in Llantrisant is Penuel chapel, built in 1826.

Y Billy Wynt

At the town's highest point is the remains of a 13th century windmill - stone tower known locally as “Billy Wynt”. By the early 19th century the tower was in ruins and in 1893 it was restored as a folly.

Employment

The town is the home of the Royal Mint, which manufactures all British coins. The Royal Mint transferred to Llantrisant in 1967 ["The Welsh Academy Encyclopaedia of Wales". John Davies, Nigel Jenkins, Menna Baines and Peredur Lynch (2008) pg507. ISBN 9780708319536] and its attractions include the Mint's museum. The town is sometimes known as "The hole with the mint"—a parody of the Polo slogan. [ [http://www.999llantrisant.co.uk/ 999 Llantrisant] ]

Education

The history of education in Llantrisant is firmly based in the varied religious institutions and Sunday School services which rapidly flourished between the 17th and 19th centuries. The Norman parish church was the starting point for the education movement, although it was one that would take a century or more to fully develop into a successful entity. In 2001 the Llantrisant Town Trust sponsored an educational website called ‘’Llantrisant Online’’ which was noted for being one of the first websites to use the Circle of Friends social networking technology.

Sport

Sport flourished in Llantrisant for centuries and the remains of the ancient Fives Court of the 1790s, stands at the rear of the Workingmen's Club. Llantrisant is also known as the home of the "Black Army" or Llantrisant rugby union football club.

Notable people associated with Llantrisant

* Dr William Price lived in the town.

Freemen of Llantrisant

* Sir David Evans: Lord Mayor of London in 1891
* Cennydd George Traherne: Late Lord Lieutenant of Glamorgan
* Brandon Meredith Rhys Williams: Late Conservative Politician

References

* Sharp, Mick (1997). "Holy Places of Celtic Britain". Blandford. ISBN 1-85079-315-8. Pps. 32–33.
* Powell, Dean; "Llantrisant" (Tempus Publishing Ltd 2001); "Llantrisant Revisited" (Tempus Publishing Ltd) 2002


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