Aquamarine


Aquamarine

Infobox mineral
name = Aquamarine
category = beryl variety
boxwidth =
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imagesize = 250
caption = Aquamarine
formula = Be3Al2Si6O18
molweight =
color = transparent (or can be translucent if included), greenish blue to blue green, typically light in toneGemological Institute of America, "GIA Gem Reference Guide" 1995, ISBN:0-87311-019-6]
habit =
system = hexagonal
twinning =
cleavage = very difficult in one direction, almost never seen
fracture = conchoidal
mohs = 7.5 - 8
luster = vitreous to resinous
polish = vitreous
refractive = 1.577 - 1.583 (+/- .017)
opticalprop = Double refractive, uniaxial negative
birefringence = .005 - .009
dispersion = .014
pleochroism = weak to moderate, blue and greenish blue; or different tones of blue with lighter tones associated with the optic axis direction
fluorescence= inert
absorption = indistinct lines at 537 and 456nm. Depending on the depth of color, there is a strong line at 427nm.
streak =
gravity = 2.72 (+.18, -.05)
density =
melt =
fusibility =
diagnostic =
solubility =
diaphaneity =
other =

Aquamarine (Lat. "aqua marinā", "water of the sea") is a gemstone-quality transparent variety of beryl, having a delicate blue or turquoise color, suggestive of the tint of seawater. It is closely related to the gem emerald. Colors vary and yellow beryl (heliodor), rose pink beryl (morganite), and white beryl (goshenite) are known.

Composition

Aquamarine is a beryl with a hexagonal crystal structure and a chemical formula of Be3Al2(SiO3)6, a beryllium aluminium silicate mineral. It has a specific gravity of 2.68 to 2.74 and a Mohs hardness of from 7.5 to 8. Aquamarine typically is on the low end of the specific gravity range, normally at less than 2.7. The pink variety exhibits a high specific gravity of around 2.8. Refractive indices range around 1.57 to 1.58.

Locations of deposits

It occurs at most localities which yield ordinary beryl, some of the finest coming from Russia. The gem-gravel placer deposits of Sri Lanka contain aquamarine. Clear yellow beryl, such as occurs in Brazil, is sometimes called aquamarine chrysolite. When corundum presents the bluish tint of typical aquamarine, it is often termed Oriental aquamarine.

In the United States, aquamarines can be found at the summit of Mt. Antero in the Sawatch Range in central Colorado. In Wyoming, aquamarine has been discovered in the Big Horn mountains, near Powder River Pass. In Brazil, there are mines in the states of Minas Gerais, Espírito Santo and Bahia. Colombia, Zambia, Madagascar, Malawi, Tanzania and Kenya also produce aquamarine.

The biggest aquamarine ever mined was found at the city of Marambaia, Minas Gerais, Brazil, in 1910. It weighed over 110 kg, and its dimensions were 48.5 cm long and 42 cm in diameter.

Culture and historical/mythical usage

*Aquamarine (along with bloodstone) is the birthstone associated with March. It is also the gemstone for the 19th Anniversary.
*People in the Middle Ages thought that aquamarine could magically overcome the effects of poison.
*Ancient sailors traveled with aquamarine crystals, believing that it would ensure a safe voyage, and guarantee a safe return; they often slept with the stones under their pillow to ensure sound sleep. They believed the siren’s (mermaid) fish-like lower body was made of aquamarine.

See also

* List of minerals

References

* Weinstein, Michael, 1958, "The World of Jewel Stones" Sheriden House, New York, pp 104-107
* Diamond Bug. [http://diamondbug.blogspot.com/2006/03/flawless-aquamarine-march-birthstone.html "Flawless Aquamarine: March Birthstone"] . Retrieved March 16, 2006.
*http://www.gemstone.org/gem-by-gem/english/aquamarine.html
*http://mineral.galleries.com/minerals/gemstone/aquamari/aquamari.htm
*http://www.mindat.org/min-289.html
*http://aquamarine.com/gemology/how-the-aquamarine-gets-its-color/


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  • Aquamarine — Données clés Réalisation Elizabeth Allen Scénario John Quaintance Jessica Bendinger Acteurs principaux Emma Roberts Julia Blake JoJo Sara Paxton Sortie 2006 Durée …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Aquamarine — A qua*ma*rine , n. (Min.) A transparent, pale green variety of beryl, used as a gem. See {Beryl}. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • aquamarine — (n.) 1590s, agmarine, bluish green type of beryl, from French or Provençal, from L. aqua marina sea water, from aqua water (see AQUA (Cf. aqua )) + marina, fem. of marinus of the sea (see MARINE (Cf. marine) (adj.)). Apparently first used as a… …   Etymology dictionary

  • aquamarine — ► NOUN 1) a light bluish green variety of beryl. 2) a light bluish green colour. ORIGIN from Latin aqua marina seawater …   English terms dictionary

  • aquamarine — [ak΄wə mə rēn′, äk΄wə mə rēn′] n. [L aqua marina, sea water] 1. a transparent, pale bluish green variety of beryl, used in jewelry 2. its color adj. bluish green …   English World dictionary

  • aquamarine — [[t]æ̱kwəməri͟ːn[/t]] aquamarines 1) N VAR Aquamarines are clear, greenish blue stones, sometimes used to make jewellery. A necklace set with aquamarines. ...a large aquamarine ring. 2) COLOUR Aquamarine is used to describe things that are… …   English dictionary

  • aquamarine — UK [ˌækwəməˈriːn] / US [ˌækwəməˈrɪn] noun Word forms aquamarine : singular aquamarine plural aquamarines 1) [countable/uncountable] a green blue stone used for making jewellery 2) [uncountable] a green blue colour Derived word: aquamarine UK / US …   English dictionary

  • Aquamarine — Aquamarin (von lat. aqua marina „Meerwasser“) bezeichnet: ein Mineral, siehe Aquamarin einen US amerikanischen Fantasyfilm aus dem Jahr 2006, siehe Aquamarin (Film) den Aquamarin Regenbogenfisch eine Farbe, siehe Aquamarin (Farbe) ein… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • aquamarine — /ak weuh meuh reen , ah kweuh /, n. 1. a transparent, light blue or greenish blue variety of beryl, used as a gem. 2. light blue green or greenish blue. [1590 1600; < L aqua marina sea water (named from its color). See AQUA, MARINE] * * * Pale… …   Universalium