- Enos T. Throop
name = Enos Thompson Throop
width = 250px
order = 10th
office = Governor of New York
March 5, 1829
December 31, 1832
Edward Philip Livingston
Martin Van Buren
William L. Marcy
birth_date = birth date|1784|08|21|mf=y
birth_place = Johnstown, New York
death_date = death date and age|1874|11|01|1784|08|21|mf=y
Auburn, New York
party = Jacksonian Democratic
spouse = Evelina J. Vredenburgh
religion = Jeffersonian-Republican
Enos Thompson Throop, (the name is pronounced like "troop"), (
August 21, 1784Johnstown, then Montgomery County, now Fulton County, New York- November 1, 1874 Auburn, New York) was an American lawyer, politician and diplomat who was Governor of New Yorkfrom 1829 to 1832.
Early life and career
He studied law at Albany where he became friendly with his fellow student
Martin Van Buren. He was admitted to the bar in 1806, and began to practice law at Auburn. He joined the Democratic-Republican Party, and was appointed postmaster of the village, and in 1811 county clerk of Cayuga County. In 1814, he married Evelina Vredenburgh, who died in 1834. None of their children survived infancy. The same year he was elected a United States Representativein the 14th Congress, from New Yorks 20th Congressional District, as a supporter of the war measures of the administration. He took part in the debates upon the measures to which the close of the war and the prostration of public and private credit gave rise. He also supported and voted for the act changing the compensation of congressmen from six dollars a day to $1,800 per annum, a course which temporarily clouded his political fortunes. Popular dissatisfaction with his action was such that he was defeated at the election of 1816, which was held in April of that year, and resigned his seat on 4 June 1816. In April 1823, he was appointed one of the eight circuit judges for which the constitution of 1821 provided.
In 1828, he joined his friend Martin Van Buren's ticket for the gubernatorial election as the Democratic-Republican candidate for Lieutenant Governor, a step that rendered it necessary for him to resign his judicial office. It was expected that Andrew Jackson would be elected President at the same election, in which event Van Buren would be made Secretary of State and would, if elected, have to resign the office of Governor and the leadership of the party, and with Throop as his lieutenant would keep both offices in the hands of a friend. These expectations were fulfilled, and Throop succeeded to the office of Governor on 12 March 1829. He was re-elected governor in 1830, defeating again
Francis Grangerwho had been the contender for the lieutenant-governorship at the previous election. At this time the construction of the Chenango Canalbecame one of the chief questions of state policy. He opposed the plan, raising such a vehement opposition to him in the localities through which the proposed canal would pass, that in 1832 he declined to seek a third term.
In 1833 he was appointed by President Jackson naval officer at the
Port of New York, which office he held until President Van Buren appointed him on 6 February 1838 Chargé d'Affairesof the United States to the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies. On this post he remained until 12 January 1842. After spending two years in Paris, he returned to the United States, and resided upon an estate on the banks of Owasco Lakenear Auburn. In 1847 he removed to Kalamazoo, Michigan, where he purchased a farm of convert|800|acre|km2|1, and became noted among agriculturists. Advancing years compelled him to give up farming, and in 1857 he returned to his former home, removing in 1868 to New York City, but a few years later again returning to his residence near Auburn. He died on his estate of Willowbrook, near Auburn, on 1 November, 1874, aged 90. He was buried at the St. Peter and St. John Churchyard in Auburn.
The Town of
Throop, New Yorkin Cayuga County is named after him.
* [http://www.nndb.com/people/986/000051833/] Bio
* [http://politicalgraveyard.com/bio/thornwell-thurlow.html#R9M0JFAJX] Political Graveyard
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