- Kenzo Tange
nihongo|Kenzo Tange|丹下健三|Tange Kenzō|extra=
September 4, 1913- March 22, 2005was a Japanese architect, and winner of the 1987 Pritzker Prizefor architecture. He was one of the most significant architects of the 20th century, combining traditional Japanese styles with modernism, and designed major buildings on five continents. Kenzo Tange was also an influential protagonist of the movement Structuralism (architecture). He said: "It was, I believe, around 1959 or at the beginning of the sixties that I began to think about what I was later to call Structuralism", (cited in "Plan" 2/1982, Amsterdam).
Tange was born in
Sakai, Osakain 1913. He moved to Hankou, Shanghaiand later England, with his banker father, back to Japan in 1920. Tange was strongry influenced by Le Corbusier's books and thought to be an architect in his secondary school days.
In 1935, Tange attended at the Department of Engineering, the
University of Tokyo, where he studied architecture, completed his degree and worked as a professional architect at the studio of Kunio Maekawa. Tange worked a few years there and left, backed to the University of Tokyo to study postgraduate course in 1941. Tange became an assistant professor and opened Tange laboratoryin 1946; he was promoted to professor of the Department of Urban Engineering in 1963. As a professor, Tange his students included Sachio Otani, Kisho Kurokawa, Arata Isozaki, and Fumihiko Makiwho have inherited Tange's architectural style and his philosophy.
In 1949, Tange won the architecture competition for design of the
Hiroshima Peace Memorial Park, Hiroshima city, following its atomic bombing in 1945. His design for Peace Memorial Park owes much to Le Corbusierand is often called "the spiritual core of the city."Fact|date=September 2007 One reason Tange gave for applying for the job was that he had studied in the city as a secondary student.
Tange won international fame for his design for the gymnasium for the
1964 Summer Olympicsheld in Tokyo. His Pritzker Prize citation described it as "among the most beautiful buildings of the 20th century."
He was also known for his "Tokyo Plan" of 1960, which proposed a radical redesign of the city. Although not fully implemented, it influenced architects worldwide. In the 1960s he also designed the new master plan for the capital city of the
Republic of Macedonia Skopje, which was heavily damaged by the 1963 earthquake. This plan was also only partially implemented. Tange received AIA Gold Medalin 1966, the Order of Culturein 1980, and the order of the Sacred Treasuresin 1994.
In 2005, his funeral was held in one of his works, Tokyo Cathedral.
Hwa Chong Institution Boarding School, Singapore
The Linear - Private Apartments, Singapore
Kagawa Prefectural Government Buildingthe main offices, Takamatsu, Kagawa
WKC Centre For Health Development, Kobe, Hyōgo
University of Bahrain, Sakhir, Bahrain
Fuji TelevisionBuilding, Odaiba, Tokyo
Tokyo Metropolitan Government Building, Shinjuku
American Medical Association Headquarters Building, Chicago, Illinois, USA
Nanyang Technological University, Singapore
*1982: Central Area New Federal Capital City of Nigeria,
Hanae MoriBuilding Aoyama, Tokyo
*1977: [Sogetsu Kaikan] [http://www.sogetsu.or.jp/english/hall/index.html] Aoyama, Tokyo
*1970: Site of
Expo '70, Suita, Osaka
*1966: Master plan for rebuilding of
Skopje, Republic of Macedonia, then part of Yugoslaviaafter the 1963 earthquake
Yoyogi National Gymnasiumfor the 1964 Summer Olympics, Tokyo
*1960: Kurashiki City Hall,
Kagawa Prefectural Government Buildingthe east offices, Takamatsu, Kagawa
Tokyo Metropolitan Government Building, Yūrakuchō
*1955: St. Mary's Cathedral (Tokyo Cathedral) (Roman Catholic), Tokyo
Hiroshima Peace Memorial Museum, Hiroshima
* [http://www.ktaweb.com/en_index2.html Official website]
* [http://citymayors.com/cityhalls/tokyo_cityhall.html Profile of Tokyo Metropolitan Buildings]
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