- Scott E. Parazynski
name =Scott Edward Parazynski
date_birth =Birth date and age|1961|7|28|mf=yes
Little Rock, Arkansas
selection =1992 NASA Group
time = 57 days, 15 hours, 34 minutes
STS-66, STS-86, STS-95, STS-100, STS-120
Scott Edward Parazynski, M.D. (b.
July 28, 1961in Little Rock, Arkansas) is an American physician and a NASA astronaut. Parazynski's latest mission was STS-120in October, 2007. This was his fifth space mission.
Palo Alto, California, and Evergreen, Colorado, to be his hometowns. He is married to the former Gail Marie Vozzella. They have two children. Scott enjoys mountaineering, rock climbing, flying, scuba diving, skiing, travel, woodworking, and nature photography. A commercial, multi-engine, seaplane and instrument-rated pilot, Parazynski has logged over 2000 flight hours in a variety of aircraft. As a mountaineer, his summits include Cerro Aconcagua(at convert|22841|ft|m above sea level, the tallest mountainin the world outside of Asia) and 48 of Colorado's peaks over convert|14000|ft|m in altitude. He also climbed Mount Everest, the tallest mountain in the world, but elected to turn back before the summit due to a back injury.
Parazynski attended junior high school in
Dakar, Senegal, and Beirut, Lebanon. He attended high school at the Tehran American School, Iran, and the American Community School, Athens, Greece, graduating in 1979. He received a Bachelor of sciencedegree in biologyfrom Stanford Universityin 1983, continuing on to graduate with honors from Stanford Medical Schoolin 1989. He served his medical internship at the Brigham and Women's Hospitalof Harvard Medical School(1990). He had completed 22 months of a residency program in emergency medicine in Denver, Coloradowhen selected for the NASA Astronaut Corps.
Parazynski is a member of the
Aerospace Medical Association, the American Society for Gravitational and Space Biology, the Wilderness Medical Society, the American Alpine Club, the Association of Space Explorers, the Experimental Aircraft Association, and the Aircraft Owners and Pilots Association.
Awards and honors
*National Institutes of Health Predoctoral Training Award in Cancer Biology (1983)
Rhodes Scholarshipfinalist (1984)
*NASA Graduate Student Researcher's Award (1988)
*Stanford Medical Scholars Program (1988)
*Research Honors Award from
Stanford Medical School(1989)
*NASA-Ames Certificate of Recognition (1990)
*Wilderness Medical Society Research Award (1991)
*Space Station Team Excellence Award (1996)
NASA Exceptional Service Medals (1998, 1999)
NASA Space Flight Medals (1994, 1997, 1998, 2001)
NASA Distinguished Service Medal(2002)
While in medical school, he competed on the United States Development
LugeTeam and was ranked among the top ten competitors in the nation during the 1988 Olympic Trials. He also served as an Olympic Team Coach for the Philippinesduring the 1988 Olympic Winter Gamesin Calgary, Canada.
undergraduateat Stanford University, Parazynski studied antigenic shiftin African Sleeping Sickness, using sophisticated molecular biologytechniques. While in medical school, he was awarded a NASA Graduate Student Fellowship and conducted researchat NASA Ames Research Centeron fluidshifts that occur during human space flight. Additionally, he has been involved in the design of several exercisedevices that are being developed for long-duration space flight, and has conducted research on high- altitude acclimatization. Parazynski has numerous publications in the field of space physiology, and has a particular expertise in human adaptation to stressful environments ( ecology).
Selected as an astronaut in March 1992, Parazynski reported to the
Johnson Space Centerin August 1992. He completed one year of training and evaluation, and was qualified as a Mission Specialist. Parazynski initially served as one of the crew representatives for extra-vehicular activity(EVA) in the Astronaut Office Mission Development Branch. Following his first flight, he was assigned as a backup for the third American long-duration stay aboard Russia's space station Mir, and was expected to serve as a prime crew member on a subsequent mission. He spent five months in training at the Gagarin Cosmonaut Training Center, Star City, Moscow, Russia.
In October 1995, when sitting-height parameters raised concerns about his fitting safely in the
Soyuz spacecraftin the event of an emergency on-board the Mir station, he was deemed too tall for the mission and was withdrawn from Mir training. He has served as the Astronaut Office Operations Planning Branch crew representative for Space Shuttle, Space Station and Soyuz training, and also served as Deputy (Operations and Training) of the Astronaut Office ISS Branch. Most recently, he served as Chief of the Astronaut Office EVA Branch. A veteran of five space flights, STS-66(1994), STS-86(1997), STS-95(1998), STS-100(2001), and STS-120(2007), Parazynski has logged over 1,019 hours (6 weeks) in space, including 47 hours of EVA, and traveled over 17 million miles. Parazynski's most recent mission is STS-120mission, during which he will perform four spacewalks to continue International Space Station assembly. He will become only the second NASA astronaut to perform four spacewalks during a single shuttle mission.
STS-66Atmospheric Laboratoryfor Applications and Science-3 (ATLAS-3) mission was launched from Kennedy Space Center, Florida, on November 3, 1994, and returned to land at Edwards Air Force Base, California, on November 14, 1994. ATLAS-3 was part of an on-going program to determine the earth's energy balanceand atmospheric change over an 11-year solar cycle, particularly with respect to humanity's impact on global- ozonedistribution. Parazynski had responsibility for a number of on-orbit activities including operation of the ATLAS experiments and SpacelabPallet, as well as several secondary experiments in the crew cabin. He and his crewmates also successfully evaluated the Interlimb Resistance Device, a free-floating exercise he developed to prevent musculoskeletal atrophyin microgravity. Space Shuttle Atlantiscircled the earth 175 times and traveled over 4.5 million miles during its 262-hour and 34-minute flight. STS-86Atlantis (September 25 to October 6, 1997) was the seventh mission to rendezvous and dock with the Russian Space Station Mir. Highlights of the mission included the exchange of U.S. crew members Michael Foaleand David Wolf, the transfer of 10,400 pounds of science and logistics, and the first Shuttle-based joint American-Russian spacewalk. Parazynski served as the flight engineer (MS2) during the flight, and was also the navigator during the Mir rendezvous. Parazynski (EV1) and Russian cosmonaut Vladimir Titovperformed a 5 hour, 1 minute spacewalkduring which they retrieved four experiment packages first deployed during the STS-76 Shuttle-Mirdocking mission. They also deployed the Spektr Solar Array Cap, which was designed to be used in a future Mir spacewalk to seal a leak in the Spektr module's damaged hull. Other objectives of EVA included the evaluation of common EVA tools to be used by astronauts wearing either Russian or American-made spacesuits, and a systems flight test of the Simplified Aid for EVA Rescue (SAFER). Space Shuttle Atlantis circled the earth 169 times and traveled over 4.2 million miles during its 259-hour and 21-minute flight, landing at the Kennedy Space Center. STS-95Discovery ( October 29to November 7, 1998) was a nine-day mission during which the crew supported a variety of research payloads, including deployment of the Spartan solar-observing spacecraft and the testing of the Hubble Space TelescopeOrbital Systems Test Platform. The crew also conducted investigations on the correlation between space flight and the aging process. Parazynski was the flight engineer (MS2) for the mission, as well as the navigator for the Spartan spacecraft rendezvous. During the flight, he also operated the Shuttle's robotic arm in support of the testing of several space-vision systems being considered for ISS assembly. In addition, he was responsible for monitoring several life sciences investigations, including those involving crewmate Senator John Glenn. The mission was accomplished in 134 earth orbits, traveling 3.6 million miles in 213 hours and 44 minutes. STS-100Endeavour ( April 19to May 1, 2001) was the 9th mission to the International Space Station (ISS) Alpha during which the crew successfully delivered and installed the Space Station "Canadarm2" robotic arm, to be used for all future Space Station assembly and maintenance tasks. Parazynski conducted two spacewalks with Canadian colleague Chris Hadfieldto assemble and power the next generation robotic arm. Additionally, the pair installed a new UHF radio antennafor space-to-space communications during Space Shuttle rendezvous and ISS extravehicular activity. A critical on-orbit spare, a direct currentswitching unit, was also transferred to Alpha during the 14 hours and 50 minutes of EVA work. Also during the flight, Parazynski operated Endeavour's robotic arm to attach, and later detach, the Italian-built "Raffaello" Multi-Purpose Logistics Module. Traveling 4.9 million miles in 283 hours and 30 minutes, the mission was accomplished in 186 earth orbits.
*cite web | last = | first = | authorlink = | coauthors = | year = | url =http://www.scouting.org/Media/FactSheets/02-558.aspx | title =Astronauts and the BSA | format = | work =Fact sheet | publisher =Boy Scouts of America | accessdate =2006-09-06
* [http://www.fil-luge.org/news/news-detail/article/former-luge-athlete-on-board-space-shuttle-discovery.html?tx_ttnews%5BbackPid%5D=45&cHash=91a40daf62 FIL-luge.org article on Parazynski] - Accessed 10-26-2007.
* [http://www.leicesterview.co.uk/artykuly/homepage/94 Interview with Parazynski on his dramatic spacewalk to repair the space station solar array and his Polish roots] - Accessed 1-06-2008.
* [http://www.jsc.nasa.gov/Bios/htmlbios/parazyns.html NASA bio of Parazynski]
* [http://www.spacefacts.de/bios/astronauts/english/parazynski_scott.htm Spacefacts biography of Parazynski]
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