- Steele MacKaye
James Morrison Steele MacKaye (pronounced ) (June 6, 1842 – February 25, 1894) was an American playwright,
actor, theater manager and inventor. Having acted, written, directed and produced numerous and popular plays and theatrical spectaculars of the day, he became one of the most famous actors and theater producers of his generation. [Glassberg, p. 167]
Steele MacKaye was born in
Buffalo, New York. His father, Colonel James M. MacKaye, was a successful attorney and an ardent abolitionist; his mother died when he was young. [Quinn, p. 495] While young, he attended Roe's Military Academy in Cornwall-on-Hudson and the William Leverett Boarding School in Newport. Under the influence from his father, who was also an art connoisseur, MacKaye initially planned to become an artist. During his teens he studied painting with William Morris Hunt, then continued his studies at the École des Beaux Artsin Paris. [Bordman, p. 43] He returned to the U.S. in order to serve for the Union Army during the American Civil War. [Ruyter, p. 17] A member of New York's Seventh Regiment, he eventually rose to the rank of Majorbefore an illness forced his retirement. MacKaye would later model in full uniform for John Quincy Adams Ward's Seventh Regiment Memorial statue, which stands in Central Park. [" [http://siris-artinventories.si.edu/ipac20/ipac.jsp?uri=full=3100001~!302814!0 Seventh Regiment Memorial, (sculpture)] ". Smithsonian Institution Research Information System. Retrieved on August 28, 2008.]
In 1869, MacKaye traveled to
Pariswith his family, where he became the disciple of the renowned French acting teacher François Delsarte. [Hornblow, p. 269] Under Delsarte, MacKaye learned to enhance performance through pose and gesture. He would later teach and utilize this system during his career. On his return to the United States a year later, he lectured on the philosophy of ethics and "natural" acting in New York, Boston and elsewhere. [Ruyter, p. 20] In 1873 he became the first American actor to portray Hamletin London.
MacKaye was the author of thirty plays. As a dramatist, MacKaye is seen as representative of the transition from an older theatrical tradition to a newer one, incorporating realism and naturalistic portrayals. His first play to be published was "Hazel Kirke", which was privately printed in New York in 1880. [Quinn, p. 497] In the mid-1880s he helped establish the first school of acting in the United States, the Lyceum Theatre School, which later became the
American Academy of Dramatic Arts(AADA). He was also well known for his theatrical innovations, having invented a variety of devices including flame-proof curtains, folding theater seats [ [http://www.encyclopedia.com/doc/1E1-MacKayeS.html Steele MacKaye] , The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition, 2008, accessed 2 September 2008] and the "Nebulator", a machine for creating clouds onstage. [Glassberg, p. 168] In all, he patented over 100 theatrical inventions. [" [http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/354803/Steele-MacKaye Steele MacKaye] ". (2008). In Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved on August 28, 2008.]
By 1885, MacKaye had established three theaters in
New York City: the St. James, Madison Square and the Lyceum Theatre. For the Chicago World's Fair of 1893, he began to construct a theatre capable of seating 10,000 people—the "Spectatorium"—but the Panic of 1893deprived the project of necessary funds. The project was left incomplete.
After a brief marriage to a woman named Jennie Spring (which ended in divorce), MacKaye married his second wife, Mary K. Medbery, in 1865. The couple had six children, three of which were
James MacKaye, Percy MacKayeand Benton MacKaye. His son Percy published his father's biography, "Epoch: The Life of Steele MacKaye", in 1927.
He wrote the plays "Monaldi" and "Marriage". Other works include:
* "The Twins" (1876)
Won at Last" (1877)
* "Through the Dark" (1878), later called "Money Mad"
Hazel Kirke" (1880)
* "Anarchy" (1887), originally called "Paul Kauvar; or Anarchy", later shortened to "Anarchy", and then again changed to "Paul Kauvar."
*Bordman, Gerald. 1994. "American Theatre: A Chronicle of Comedy and Drama, 1869–1914". Oxford University Press.
*Glassberg, David. 1990. "American Historical Pageantry: The Uses of Tradition in the Early Twentieth Century". Chapel Hill: UNC Press.
*Hornblow, Arthur. 1919. "A History of the Theatre in America from Its Beginnings to the Present Time". Philadelphia: J.B. Lippincott Company.
*Quinn, Arthur Hobson. 1917. "Representative American plays". New York: The Century Co.
*Ruyter, Nancy Lee Chalfa. 1999. "The Cultivation of Body and Mind in Nineteenth-century American Delsartism". Greenwood Publishing Group.
*gutenberg author|id=Steele_Mackaye|name=Steele Mackaye
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Steele MacKaye — Portrait MacKayes James Morrison Steele MacKaye (* 6. Juni 1842 in Buffalo; † 25. Februar 1894) war ein amerikanischer Schauspieler, Theaterproduzent und Erfinder. Er gilt als einer der berühmtesten Theaterleute seiner Generation. … Deutsch Wikipedia
MacKaye — beziehungsweise Mackaye ist der Nachname von: Abdelwahid Aboud Mackaye (* 1953), tschadischer Rebellenführer Alec MacKaye, US amerikanischer Musiker Benton MacKaye (1879−1975), US amerikanischer Umweltschützer Ian MacKaye (* 1962), US… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Steele (surname) — Steele is a surname, and may refer to:A* Alex Steele * Alfred E. Steele * Alfred Nu Steele (1901 1959), US businessperson and husband of Joan Crawford * Alfonso Steele * Alison Steele * Allen Steele, American science fiction author * Anne Steele… … Wikipedia
Mackaye, Steele — (1842 1894) James Morrison Steele MacKaye was born in Buffalo, New York, son of a lawyer and art fancier who sent his son to Paris to study art. MacKaye returned to join the Union army during the Civil War and rose to the rank of major before… … The Historical Dictionary of the American Theater
MacKaye, Steele — ▪ American playwright born June 6, 1842, Buffalo died February 25, 1894, Timpas, Colo., U.S. U.S. playwright, actor, theatre manager, and inventor who has been called the closest approximation to a Renaissance man produced by the United… … Universalium
MacKaye — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. MacKaye est un patronyme : Ian MacKaye, un chanteur américain ; Steele MacKaye, un dramaturge américain ; Benton MacKaye, un forestier… … Wikipédia en Français
Mackaye, Percy — (1875 1966) Born in New York, Percy Wallace MacKaye, son of theatrical luminary Steele MacKaye, emerged from his father s shadow as a playwright and visionary who adopted theories emerging from modernist European theatre, inspired the little… … The Historical Dictionary of the American Theater
MacKaye, Percy — ▪ American writer born March 16, 1875, New York City died Aug. 31, 1956, Cornish, N.H., U.S. U.S. poet and playwright whose use of historical and contemporary folk literature furthered the development of the pageant in the U.S.… … Universalium
Benton MacKaye — (pronounced ) (March 6, 1879 – Dec. 11, 1975) was an American forester, planner and conservationist. Born in Stamford, Connecticut, MacKaye s father was Steele MacKaye, an actor and dramatist. Despite his upbringing in the theatre, Benton MacKaye … Wikipedia
James MacKaye — James Medbury MacKaye (April 8, 1872 January 22, 1935) was an American engineer and philosopher.MacKaye was born in New York City, the son of actor Steele MacKaye and Mary (Medbery) MacKaye, and brother of poet Percy MacKaye and conservationist… … Wikipedia