Vitaceae

Vitaceae

Taxobox
name = Vitaceae



image_caption = "Vitis vinifera", wine grapes
regnum = Plantae
divisio = Magnoliophyta
classis = Magnoliopsida
ordo = Vitales
ordo_authority = Burnett
familia = Vitaceae
familia_authority = Juss., nom. cons.
subdivision_ranks = Genera
subdivision =
*"Acareosperma"
*"Ampelocissus"
*"Ampelopsis" (pepper-vine)
*"Cayratia"
*"Cissus" (treebind, treebine)
*"Clematicissus"
*"Cyphostemma"
*"Leea"
*"Nothocissus"
*"Parthenocissus"
*"Pterisanthes"
*"Pterocissus"
*"Rhoicissus"
*"Tetrastigma"
*"Vitis" (grape)
*"Yua"

Vitaceae are a family of dicotyledonous flowering plants including the grape and Virginia creeper. The family name is derived from the genus "Vitis". The name sometimes appears as Vitidaceae, but Vitaceae is a conserved name and therefore has priority over both Vitidaceae and another name sometimes found in the older literature, Ampelidaceae.

The relationships of Vitaceae are unclear and the family does not appear to have any close relatives. In the Cronquist system, the family was placed near the family Rhamnaceae in order Rhamnales. The family was placed in the Rosid clade, but not classified in an order, by the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group (APG). The Angiosperm Phylogeny Web places Vitaceae in its own order, Vitales. Recent phylogenetic analyses support Vitaceae as the sister-group to all other rosids (Jansen et al. 2006).

Most "Vitis" species have 38 chromosomes (n=19), but 40 (n=20) in subgenus "Muscadinia", while "Ampelocissus", "Parthenocissus", and "Ampelopsis" also have 40 chromosomes (n=20) and "Cissus" has 24 chromosomes (n=12).

The family is economically important as grapes ("Vitis" species) are an important fruit crop and, when fermented, produce wine.

Species of the genus "Tetrastigma" serve as hosts to parasitic plants in the family Rafflesiaceae.

"Leea", sometimes classified in its own family, Leeaceae, is included in Vitaceae by the APG and the Angiosperm Phylogeny Web.

References and external links

*R. K. Jansen, C. Kaittanis, S. B. Lee, C. Saski, J. Tomkins, A. J. Alverson and H. Daniell. 2006. Phylogenetic analyses of "Vitis" (Vitaceae) based on complete chloroplast genome sequences: effects of taxon sampling and phylogenetic methods on resolving relationships among rosids. "BMC Evolutionary Biology" 6: 32 [published online, 14 pp.] .

* [http://www.mobot.org/MOBOT/Research/APweb/orders/vitalesweb.html#Vitales Vitaceae] at the [http://www.mobot.org/MOBOT/Research/APweb Angiosperm Phylogeny Web]
* [http://delta-intkey.com/angio/www/vitidace.htm Vitidaceae] in [http://delta-intkey.com/angio/ L. Watson and M.J. Dallwitz (1992 onwards). The families of flowering plants: descriptions, illustrations, identification, information retrieval.] http://delta-intkey.com


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См. также в других словарях:

  • Vitaceae — Vitaceae …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Vitaceae —   [v ; zu lateinisch vitis »Weinrebe«], die Weinrebengewächse …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Vitaceae — Cyphoste …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Vitaceae —   Vitaceae Vitis rotundifoli …   Wikipedia Español

  • Vitaceae — Weinrebengewächse Echte Weinrebe (Vitis vinifera) Systematik Überabteilung: Samenpflanzen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Vitaceae — ? Виноградовые Виноград культурный (Vitis vinifera) Научная классификация Царство: Растения …   Википедия

  • Vitaceae — noun a family of vines belonging to order Rhamnales • Syn: ↑family Vitaceae, ↑Vitidaceae, ↑grapevine family • Hypernyms: ↑dicot family, ↑magnoliopsid family • Member Holonyms: ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

  • Vitaceae — ▪ plant family       the grape family of flowering plants, in the buckthorn order (Rhamnales), comprising 12 genera of woody plants, most of them tendril bearing vines. The largest genus, which is pantropic in distribution, is Cissus, containing… …   Universalium

  • Vitaceae — ● Acareosperma ● Ampelocissus ● Ampelopsis ● Cayratia ● Cissus ● Clematicissus ● Cyphostemma ● Nothocissus ● Parthenocissus ● Pterisanthes ● Pterocissus ● Rhoicissus ● Tetrastigma ● Vitis ● Yua Plantas leñosas, principalmente lianas provistas de… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • vitaceae — vi·ta·ce·ae …   English syllables


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