- George Mercer Dawson
George Mercer Dawson (
August 1 1849– March 2 1901) was a Canadian scientist and surveyor. He was born in Pictou, Nova Scotia, the son of Sir John William Dawson. By age 11, he was afflicted with tuberculosisof the spine ( Pott's disease) that resulted in a deformed back and stunted his growth. However, his physical limitations did not deter Dawson from becoming one of Canada's greatest scientists.
Tutors and his father provided his educational needs during his slow recovery from the illness. Dawson later attended the High School of Montreal and
McGill University(part-time) before moving to Londonto study geologyand paleontologyat the Royal School of Mines(now part of Imperial College London) beginning in 1869. Dawson graduated after three years with the highest marks in his class. Dawson received an LL.D.from Queen's University in 1890 and then from McGill University in 1891.
Dawson began his career in the 1870s as a professor of chemistry at
Morrin Collegein Quebec City. He then performed extensive surveys of Western Canada in the 19th century beginning with the International Boundary Survey from 1872 to 1876. The result was a 387-page report called "Geology and Resources of the Region in the Vicinity of the 49th parallel from the Lake of the Woods to the Rocky Mountains, with Lists of Plants and Animals Collected, and Notes on the Fossils from the Killadeer Badlands currently part of Grasslands National Park". This report established Dawson as a respected scientist.
During 1883 and 1884, Dawson travelled through the
Canadian Rockieswhere he was tasked by the Canadian government to map out major mountains and mountain passes as well as significant rivers. Some of the many peaks he discovered were Mount Assiniboineconvert|3618|m|ft|0 and Mount Temple convert|3543|m|ft. As a result of his field research, a map of his work was published in 1886 covering the Canadian Rockies from the US border to Red Deer Valleyand Kicking Horse Pass.
In 1887, he led an expedition into the
Yukon, developing some of the first maps of what later became the separate territory. His report was republished ten years later to satisfy the public's interest in the region as a result of the Klondike Gold Rush. Dawson City was named after him. Dawson Creek, British Columbiais also named in his honour.
Dawson became a staff member of the
Geological Survey of Canadain 1875, progressed to assistant director in 1883 and finally to director in 1895.
Dawson died unexpectedly in
Ottawaafter a one day bout with acute bronchitis. He was interred in the family plot in the Mount Royal Cemeteryin Montreal.
*"Beneath My Feet". George Mercer Dawson with Phil Jenkins. Toronto: McLelland and Stewart. 11th edition 2007. ISBN 9780771043888
*"George Dawson - The Little Giant". Joyce Barkhouse, 1974, Toronto : Clarke, Irwin,, ISBN 0772007349
* [http://www.biographi.ca/009004-119.01-e.php?&id_nbr=6667 Biography at the "Dictionary of Canadian Biography Online"]
* [http://www.peakfinder.com/people.asp?PersonsName=Dawson%2C+George+M. George M. Dawson]
* [http://www.rootsweb.com/~qcmtl-w/DawsonGeoM.htm Sources of Montreal-W ] at www.rootsweb.com
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George Mercer Dawson — George M. Dawson im Mai 1885 George Mercer Dawson (* 1. August 1849 in Pictou, Nova Scotia; † 2. März 1901 in Ottawa) war ein kanadischer Geograph, Geodät und Paläontologe. Leben George Mercer Dawson war der Sohn von Sir John William … Deutsch Wikipedia
George Mercer Dawson — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Dawson. Pour les articles homonymes, voir Mercer … Wikipédia en Français
Dawson, George Mercer — (1849 1901) Son of Sir J. W. Dawson (q.v.). Studied geology and palæontology under Huxley, Ramsay and Etheridge at the Royal School of Mines, London. Geologist and botanist to North American Boundary Commission, 1873 1875. Appointed to staff… … The makers of Canada
Dawson City — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Vista aérea de Dawson City, Yukón Dawson City es un pueblo ubicado en el Yukón, Canadá, sobre las coordenadas … Wikipedia Español
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Dawson Creek — 8 rue Dawson Creek. Administration Pays Canad … Wikipédia en Français