James Caldwell (clergyman)

James Caldwell (clergyman)

Infobox Person
name = James Caldwell

image_size = 200px
caption = Artist's depiction of Caldwell at the Battle of Springfield
birth_date = April, 1734
birth_place = Charlotte County, Virginia, U.S.A.
death_date = November 24, 1781 (aged 47)
death_place = Elizabethtown, New Jersey, U.S.A.
occupation = Clergyman
spouse = Hannah Caldwell
parents = John Caldwell and Margaret Caldwell
children = 9 children
The Reverend James Caldwell (April, 1734 – November 24, 1781) was a clergyman who played a prominent part in the American Revolution.

He was born in Cub Creek in Charlotte County, Virginia, the seventh son of John and Margaret Caldwell, who were Scots-Irish settlers. He graduated from the College of New Jersey (which later became Princeton University) in 1759 and, though he inherited convert|500|acre|km2 in Cub Creek, became pastor of the Presbyterian church in Elizabethtown, New Jersey. He was an active partisan on the side of the Patriots, and was known as the "soldier parson." His church and his house were burned by Loyalists in 1780.

While Caldwell was stationed with the army in Morristown, his wife Hannah was killed by British gunfire under disputed circumstances during the Battle of Connecticut Farms in what is now Union Township. His wife stayed at home with their baby and a 3 year old toddler. As the British moved into Connecticut Farms, Hannah Caldwell was shot through a window or wall as she sat with her children on a bed.

Caldwell, who fought in the Battle of Springfield, was killed by an American sentry in Elizabethtown, New Jersey when he refused to have a package inspected. The sentry, James Morgan, was hanged for murder on January 29, 1782 in Westfield, New Jersey, amid rumors that he had been bribed to kill the chaplain. There were nine orphaned children of Hannah and James Caldwell, all of whom were raised by friends of the family.

A monument to him in Elizabeth, New Jersey was dedicated in 1846.

Three towns, known collectively as The Caldwells are named for James Caldwell: Caldwell, North Caldwell, and West Caldwell. James Caldwell High School in West Caldwell also carries his name, as do James Caldwell Elementary School in Springfield, New Jersey, and James Caldwell School in Reid Street, Murrumbeena, Australia.

External links

* [http://www.clancurrie.com/press/2005_june1.html Clan Currie biography of James Caldwell]
* [http://www.chicago-scots.org/clubs/History/Newsletters/2003/Oct03-3.htm Chicago Scots club biography]

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • James Caldwell — James or Jim Caldwell may refer to:* James Caldwell (died 1770), one of five Americans killed in the Boston Massacre * James Caldwell (clergyman) (1734 1781), Presbyterian soldier parson in the American Revolutionary War * James Caldwell (Latter… …   Wikipedia

  • List of Dartmouth College alumni — This is an incomplete list, which may never be able to satisfy particular standards for completeness. You can help by expanding it with reliably sourced entries. The Dartmouth College class of 1920, posing in the Bema …   Wikipedia

  • Luther Alexander Gotwald — the fifth child of seven brothers and five sisters, the son of prominent Lutheran minister, Daniel Gotwald. He married Mary Elizabeth King after meeting her at Wittenberg College (now Wittenberg University). Gotwald died in 1900 in Springfield,… …   Wikipedia

  • Episcopal Church in the United States of America — Infobox Anglican Church‎ show name =The Episcopal Church caption =The Cathedral Church of Saint Peter and Saint Paul in Washington, D.C., is referred to as the Washington National Cathedral. primate=Katharine Jefferts Schori main classification …   Wikipedia

  • List of University of Pennsylvania people — This is a list of current and former faculty, alumni, and non graduating attendees of the University of Pennsylvania in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, in the United States.Nobel LaureatesPhysics *Raymond Davis 2002 Nobel Prize in Physics **for… …   Wikipedia

  • List of Old Boys of The King's School, Sydney — This is a List of Old Boys of The King s School, Sydney, they being notable former students known as Old Boys of the Anglican school, The King s School in North Parramatta, New South Wales, Australia. Academic*Malcolm Leslie Lamb AM Principal of… …   Wikipedia

  • Abbott (surname) — Abbott is a surname, and may refer toA* Amos Abbott (1786 1868), American Congressman * Alan Abbott (born 1926), English cricketer * Albert Francis Abbott, Sir (1970 1988), Australian Mayor of Mackay * Anderson Ruffin Abbott (1837 1913), Canadian …   Wikipedia

  • Clyde Fant — Clyde Edward Fant, Sr. Mayor of Shreveport, Caddo Parish, Louisiana, USA In office 1946–1954 Preceded by Samuel S. Caldwell Succeeded by James Creswell Jim Gardner, Sr …   Wikipedia

  • Durrus and District History Modern — Durrus is an area of West Cork in Ireland. For earlier history, see Durrus and District History1900 2000 James Gilhooley M.P. and Elections 1910James Gilhooley MP (he had been a merchant in Bantry, and was jailed on a number of occaasions under… …   Wikipedia

  • List of Old Sydneians — The following is a list of notable past pupils of Sydney Grammar School (SGS). Former pupils of the School are known as Old Sydneians. Sydney Grammar School has educated seven High Court Justices and produced twenty eight Rhodes Scholars. In 2001 …   Wikipedia

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.