Prince Maximilian of Wied-Neuwied


Prince Maximilian of Wied-Neuwied
Prince Maximilian of Wied-Neuwied

Prince Maximilian of Wied-Neuwied
Born 23 September 1782(1782-09-23)
Neuwied
Died 3 February 1867(1867-02-03) (aged 84)
Nationality German
Fields ethnology
natural history
Influences Johann Friedrich Blumenbach
Alexander von Humboldt
Memorial to Prince Maximilian of Wied-Neuwied in Mount Vernon Gardens, Omaha, Nebraska, United States.

Prince Alexander Philipp Maximilian zu Wied-Neuwied (September 23, 1782 - February 3, 1867) was a German explorer, ethnologist and naturalist. Wied was born in Neuwied, the grandson of the ruling count (after 1784 prince) Johann Friedrich Alexander of Wied-Neuwied. Born at the end of the European Enlightenment, Maximilian became friends with two of its major figures: Johann Friedrich Blumenbach, a major comparative anthropologist under whom he studied biological sciences, and Alexander von Humboldt, who served as Maximilian's mentor. He joined the Prussian army in 1800 during the Napoleonic Wars, rising to the rank of major. He was given a leave of absence from the army in 1815 (prior to Napoleon's escape from Elba).

Wied led an expedition to southeast Brazil from 1815 to 1817. In 1816 he found the tribe of the Botocudos, about which he gave exact details for the first time. On account of the war among the different tribes of the country he was obliged to abandon his original route and remained for some time near some ruins that he had discovered. North of the Belmonte river he made his way through the woods, and after many difficulties arrived in the province of Minas Gerais. His delicate health forced him to abandon his expedition, and he was detained on unfounded suspicions for three days, and robbed of a large part of his collection of insects and plants. After this he resolved to leave the country, and embarked for Germany on 10 May 1817.[1] On his return, he wrote Reise nach Brasilien (1820–21) and Beiträge zur Naturgeschichte von Brasilien (1825–33).

In 1832 he travelled to the Great Plains region of North America, accompanied by the Swiss painter Karl Bodmer on a journey up the Missouri River, and wrote Reise in das Innere Nord-Amerikas (1840) on his return. During his travels, he was a sympathetic recorder of the cultures of many of the Native American tribes he encountered, notably the Mandan and the Hidatsa, who lived in settled villages on the banks of the Missouri, but also such nomadic peoples as the Sioux, Assinaboine, Plains Cree, Gros Ventres and Blackfoot. Bodmer's watercolour paintings of individuals, artefacts and customs among the Indians are acknowledged as among the most accurate and informative ever made. Many were adapted as hand-coloured engravings to illustrate the publication of 1840. Prince Maximilian collected many examples of ethnography, and a large number of specimens of flora and fauna of the area, still preserved in museum collections, notably in the Lindenmuseum, Stuttgart.[1]

The Genus Neuwiedia Blume (Orchidaceae) was named for him.

Contents

See also

Further reading

  • Maximilian zu Wied-Neuwied: Reise nach Brasilien in den Jahren 1815 bis 1817, 1820
  • Maximilian zu Wied-Neuwied: Beiträge zur Naturgeschichte Brasiliens, 1824
  • Maximilian zu Wied-Neuwied: Brasilien, Nachträge, Berichtigungen, Zusätze, 1850
  • Maximilian zu Wied-Neuwied: Unveröffentlichte Bilder und Handschriften zur Völkerkunde Brasiliens. Editor: Josef Röder and Hermann Trimborn. Bonn 1954.
  • Maximilian zu Wied-Neuwied: Maximilian Prince of Wied’s Travels in the Interior of North America, during the years 1832–1834. Achermann & Comp., London 1843-1844
  • Maximilian zu Wied-Neuwied: Maximilian Prince of Wied’s Travels in the Interior of North America, during the years 1832–1834. In: Early Western Travels, 1748-1848, 1906, (vol. 22-25) from Reuben Gold Thwaites.
  • David C. Hunt, William J. Orr, W. H. Goetzmann (Editor): Karl Bodmer's America. Joslyn Art Museum, Omaha (Nebraska) 1984. ISBN 0-8032-1185-6
  • John C. Ewers: Views of vanishing frontier. Joslyn Art Museum, Omaha (Nebraska) 1984 + 1985
  • Paul Schach, "Maximilian, Prince of Wied (1782-1867): Reconsidered." Great Plains Quarterly 14 (1994): 5-20.
  • Marsha V. Gallagher: Karl Bodmer's eastern views. Joslyn Art Museum, Omaha (Nebraska) 1996
  • Brandon K. Ruud (Editor): Karl Bodmer's North American Prints. Joslyn Art Museum, Omaha (Nebraska) 2004. ISBN 0-8032-1326-3
  • Michael G. Noll, “Prince Maximilian's Other Worlds.” The Pennsylvania Geographer, 43 (2005): 65-83.
  • Nordamerika Native Museum Zürich: Karl Bodmer. A Swiss Artist in America 1809-1893. Ein Schweizer Künstler in Amerika. University of Chicago Press and Scheidegger & Spiess, Zürich 2009 (English and German). ISBN 978-3-85881-236-0

External links

References

  1. ^ a b Wikisource-logo.svg "Neu-Wied, Alexander Maximilian, Prince of". Appletons' Cyclopædia of American Biography. 1900. 
  2. ^ Prairie Wildflowers: The Maximilian sunflower

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  • Maximilian zu Wied-Neuwied — Prinz Maximilian Alexander Philipp zu Wied Neuwied (* 23. September 1782 in Neuwied; † 3. Februar 1867 in Neuwied; auch Maximilian zu Wied, Max zu Wied oder Maximilian von Wied zu Neuwied; selbstgewähltes Pseudonym bei den Expeditionen nach… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Maximilian zu Wied-Neuwied — Nacimiento …   Wikipedia Español

  • Maximilian zu Wied-Neuwied — Maximilian Alexander Philipp zu Wied Neuwied est un prince allemand, naturaliste, ethnologue et un explorateur allemand, né le 23 septembre 1782 à Neuwied, près de Coblence, et mort le 3 février 1867 dans cette même ville. Son …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Maximilian Zu Wied-Neuwied — Maximilian Alexander Philipp zu Wied Neuwied est un prince Allemand, naturaliste, ethnologue et un explorateur allemand, né le 23 septembre 1782 à Neuwied, près de Co …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Maximilian zu wied-neuwied — Maximilian Alexander Philipp zu Wied Neuwied est un prince Allemand, naturaliste, ethnologue et un explorateur allemand, né le 23 septembre 1782 à Neuwied, près de Co …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Maximilian zu Wied — Neuwied Prinz Maximilian Alexander Philipp zu Wied Neuwied (* 23. September 1782 in Neuwied; † 3. Februar 1867 in Neuwied; auch Maximilian zu Wied, Max zu Wied oder Maximilian von Wied zu Neuwied; selbstgewähltes Pseudonym bei den Expeditionen… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Wied-Neuwied — Maximilian zu Wied Neuwied Prinz Maximilian Alexander Philipp zu Wied Neuwied (* 23. September 1782 in Neuwied; † 3. Februar 1867 in Neuwied; auch Maximilian zu Wied, Max zu Wied oder Maximilian von Wied zu Neuwied; selbstgewähltes Pseudonym bei… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Wied-Neuwied — Maximilian zu Wied Neuwied Maximilian zu Wied Neuwied Maximilian Alexander Philipp zu Wied Neuwied est un prince Allemand, naturaliste, ethnologue et un explorateur allemand, né le 23 septembre 1782 à Neuwied, près de Co …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Wied-Neuwied (state) — Infobox Former Country native name = Grafschaft Wied Neuwied conventional long name = County of Wied Neuwied common name = Wied Neuwied| continent = Europe region = Central Europe country = Germany era = Middle Ages status = Vassal empire = Holy… …   Wikipedia

  • Wied-Neuwied, Maximilian, Prinz zu — ▪ German naturalist and explorer in full  Alexander Philipp Maximilian, Prinz Zu Wied neuwied   born Sept. 23, 1782, Neuwied, Prussia [now in Germany] died Feb. 3, 1867, Neuwied       German aristocratic naturalist, ethnographer, and explorer… …   Universalium


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