- Gettysburg, Pennsylvania
official_name = Pagename
settlement_type = Borough
pushpin_label_position = none
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_type1 = State
subdivision_type2 = County
subdivision_name2 = Adams
government_type = Borough Council
leader_title = Mayor
established_title = Settled
established_date = 1780
established_title1 = Incorporated
established_date1 = 1806
unit_pref = Imperial
area_total_sq_mi = 4.3
area_land_sq_mi = 4.2
area_water_sq_mi = 0.1
population_as_of = 2000
population_total = 7490
population_density_sq_mi = 4562.3
timezone = Eastern (EST)
utc_offset = -5
timezone_DST = EDT
utc_offset_DST = -4
latd = 39
latm = 49
lats = 42
latNS = N
longd = 77
longm = 13
longs = 56
longEW = W
elevation_ft = 558
postal_code = 17325
area_code = 717
website = [http://www.gettysburg-pa.gov/ Borough of Gettysburg]
Gettysburg is a borough 38 miles (68 km) south by southwest of
Harrisburgin Adams County, Pennsylvania, USA, of which it is the county seatGR|6. As of the 2000 census, the borough's population was 7,490.
Although known primarily as an attraction because of its proximity to the
Gettysburg Battlefield, site of the Battle of Gettysburg, the town is also known for its institutions of higher learning, namely the Lutheran Theological Seminary, founded in 1826, and Pennsylvania College (now Gettysburg College), which began operating in 1832. Harrisburg Area Community Collegealso has a campus.
Many roads radiate from Gettysburg, providing hub-like access to Baltimore (52 miles/84 kilometers),
Harrisburg, Pennsylvania(38 miles/61kilometers), Carlisle (30 miles/48 kilometers), Frederick and Hagerstown, Maryland(25 and 30 miles, or 40 and 48 kilometers, respectively), and Washington, D.C.(90 miles/145 kilometers). Chambersburgis convert|25|mi|km|0 west on the Lincoln Highway( U.S. Route 30), the first transcontinental U.S. highway. Today the borough is a 2½ hour drive from Philadelphiaand a 3½ hour drive from Pittsburghvia the Pennsylvania Turnpikeand U.S. Route 15. Gettysburg Regional Airport, a small general aviationairport, is located 2 miles (4 km) west of Gettysburg.
Gettysburg is located at coor dms|39|49|42|N|77|13|56|W|city (39.829290, -77.234218).GR|1
According to the
United States Census Bureau, the borough has a total area of 4.3 km² (1.6 mi²), all land.
As of the
censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 7,490 people, 2,541 households, and 1,229 families residing in the borough. The population densitywas 4,562.3 people per square mile (1,763.4/km²). There were 2,759 housing units at an average density of 1,680.6/sq mi (649.5/km²). The racial makeup of the borough was 85.46% White, 5.79% Black or African American, 0.37% Native American, 1.28% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 4.67% from other races, and 2.38% from two or more races. 8.02% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 2,541 households out of which 22.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 32.6% were married couples living together, 12.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 51.6% were non-families. 42.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.17 and the average family size was 2.94.
In the borough the population was spread out with 16.2% under the age of 18, 36.2% from 18 to 24, 19.1% from 25 to 44, 15.9% from 45 to 64, and 12.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 23 years. For every 100 females there were 88.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.1 males.
The median income for a household in the borough was $29,840, and the median income for a family was $40,489. Males had a median income of $30,341 versus $21,111 for females. The
per capita incomefor the borough was $14,157. About 13.2% of families and 19.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.0% of those under age 17 and 5.2% of those age 77 or over.
* Adams Community TV [http://www.actv.org "ACTV,"] a non-profit media company.
* [http://www.gettysburgtimes.com The Gettysburg "Times,"] a daily newspaper.
* "Raices De Todos", a bilingual monthly cultural magazine, serves the city's growing Latino/Hispanic population.
* [http://www.eveningsun.com The Evening "Sun,"] a daily newspaper.
* [http://www.celebrategettysburg.com "Celebrate Gettysburg,"] a lifestyles magazine dedicated to life in and around Gettysburg
* [http://www.gettysburgdaily.com Gettysburg Daily] a daily independent news outlet.
Colleges and universities
Harrisburg Area Community College(Gettysburg Campus)
Lutheran Theological Seminary at Gettysburg
*"The History and Topography of Dauphin, Cumberland, Franklin, Bedford, Adams, and Perry Counties" Lancaster City, PA: Gilbert Hills, 1846.
* [http://www.gettysburg.travel/ Gettysburg Convention & Visitors Bureau]
* [http://www.gettysburg-pa.gov/ Borough of Gettysburg]
* [http://www.gettysburgtimes.com/ Gettysburg Times]
* [http://www.gettysburgphotographs.com/index2.htm "Gettysburg Photographs.com (NPS Auto Tour Map linked to photogalleries)"]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
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