Anglesey Abbey


Anglesey Abbey

Anglesey Abbey is a country house, formerly a priory, in the village of Lode, 5 ½ miles (8.8 km) northeast of Cambridge, England. The house and its grounds are owned by the National Trust and are open to the paying public as part of the Anglesey Abbey, Garden & Lode Mill property, although some parts remain the private home of the Fairhaven family.

The 98 acres (400,000 m²) of landscaped grounds are divided into a number of walks and gardens, with classical statuary, topiary and flowerbeds. The grounds were laid out in an 18th-century style by the estate's last private owner, the 1st Baron Fairhaven, in the 1930s. A large pool, the Quarry Pool, is believed to be the site of a prehistoric coprolite mine.{cn} Lode Water Mill, dating from the 18th century [ [http://www.angleseyabbey.org/mill/index.html Lode Water Mill - Anglesey Abbey ] ] was restored to working condition in 1982 and now sells flour to visitors.

The 1st Lord Fairhaven also improved the house and decorated its interior with a valuable collection of furniture, pictures and objets d'art.

History

A community of Augustinian monks built a priory here some time during the reign of Henry I (i.e., between 1100 and 1135), and acquired extra land from the nearby village of Bottisham in 1279. The monks were expelled in 1535 during the Dissolution of the Monasteries. The priory was acquired around 1600 by Thomas Hobson, who converted it to a country house for his son-in-law, Thomas Parker, retaining a few arches from the original priory. At this time the building's name was changed to 'Anglesey Abbey', which sounded grander than the original 'Anglesey Priory'. Further alterations were carried out in 1861.

Huttleston (1896–1966) and Henry (1900–1973) Broughton bought the site in 1926 and made improvements to the house. They were the sons of Urban Broughton (1857–1929), who had made a fortune in the mining and railways industries in America. Henry married, leaving the abbey to his brother, then 1st Lord Fairhaven, in 1930. Henry became the 2nd Lord Fairhaven. Huttleston used his wealth to indulge his interests in history, art, and garden design, and to lead an eighteenth-century lifestyle at the house. On his death, Huttleston left the abbey to the National Trust so that the house and gardens could "represent an age and way of life that was quickly passing".

In the late 18th century, the house was owned by Sir George Downing, the founder of Downing College, Cambridge.

Gardens

The extensive landscaped gardens are popular with visitors throughout the year. The most visited areas include the rose garden and the dahlia garden, which contain many dozens of varieties. Out of season the spring garden and winter dell are famed nationally, particularly in February when the snowdrops first appear.The lawns of the South Park are mown less frequently and this allows the many wildflowers to flower and set seed. Over 50 species of wildflower have been recorded, including Bee Orchid, Twayblade, Pyramidal Orchid and Common spotted orchid. In mid-summer, there are large numbers of butterflies such as Meadow Brown, Gatekeeper, Small Skippers and Marbled Whites.

Origin of the Name

The name "Anglesey" is not a reference to the Welsh island known as Anglesey in English, although the two names do have some etymology in common. Anglesey Priory was built on what was, before improvements in the drainage of the area, an island. In both place names, as in many other place names in Britain, the final "-ey" is from a Germanic word meaning 'isle'. In the case of the Welsh island, "Angle-" is from an Old Norse word "ongull", which is either a personal name, or a word meaning 'angle' or 'corner'. In the case of the Priory, "Angle-" is probably a reference to the Angles, a Germanic people who invaded the east of England in the 5th century. The anterior origin of "this" name is debatable, with some versions linking it to 'angle', a reference to the shape of their homeland, and others claiming a reference to 'angling'.

External links

* [http://www.angleseyabbey.org Anglesey Abbey, Garden & Lode Mill]
* [http://www.nationaltrust.org.uk/main/w-vh/w-visits/w-findaplace/w-angleseyabbeyandgardenandlodemill/ Anglesey Abbey, Garden & Lode Mill - information at the National Trust]
*IoE|49311
* [http://us.imdb.com/List?locations=Anglesey+Abbey,+Lode,+Cambridgeshire,+England,+UK&&tv=on TV and Movies Filmed at Anglesey Abbey]

Notes


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Anglesey Abbey —   [ æȖlsɪ æbɪ], ehemalige Augustinerabtei (gegründet 1135) in der County Cambridgeshire, England, nördlich von Cambridge; seit 1591 Herrenhaus (erhaltene Bauteile des 13. Jahrhunderts); beherbergt seit 1926 die Kunstsammlung von Lord Fairhaven… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Valle Crucis Abbey — (Welsh: Abaty Glyn y Groes or Abaty Glyn Egwestl ) is in the Dee (Dyfrdwy) valley about 1½ miles upstream and north of Llangollen, Denbighshire, in north east Wales.The crucis ( of the cross ) in its name refers to the Pillar of Eliseg which… …   Wikipedia

  • List of abbeys and priories in England — Contents 1 Overview 1.1 Article layout 2 Abbreviations and key …   Wikipedia

  • List of historic houses in England — Historic houses in England is a link page for any stately home, country house or other historic house in England.Bedfordshire*Ampthill Park *Battlesden House *Chicksands Priory *Eggington House *Hinwick House *Houghton House *Luton Hoo *Milton… …   Wikipedia

  • List of National Trust properties in England — This is a list of National Trust Properties in England, including any stately home, historic house, castle, abbey, museum or other property in the care of the National Trust in England. Contents 1 Bedfordshire …   Wikipedia

  • List of Grade I listed buildings in Cambridgeshire — There are over 6000 Grade I listed buildings in England. This page is a list of these buildings in the county of Cambridgeshire, sub divided by district.Cambridge* Church of St Andrew, Cambridge * Little Trinity, Cambridge * Little Trinity:… …   Wikipedia

  • Baron Fairhaven — Baron Fairhaven, of Anglesey Abbey in the County of Cambridge, is a title in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. It was created in 1961 for Urban Huttleston Broughton, with remainder to his younger brother Henry Broughton. He had already been… …   Wikipedia

  • Claude Gellee — Claude Gellée Le Lorrain …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Claude Gellée — Claude Gellée, « le Lorrain » Autoportrait, 1650 (Musée du Louvre, Paris). Naissa …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Claude Gelée — Claude Gellée Le Lorrain …   Wikipédia en Français


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.