- Battle of Maclodio
Infobox Military Conflict
conflict=Battle of Maclodio
Wars in Lombardy
11 October, 1427
result=Decisive Venetian victory
combatant1=flag|Venice|name=Republic of Venice
Francesco Bussone da Carmagnola
casualties2=8,000 Milanese taken prisoner including Malatesta
notes=The Battle of Maclodio was fought on
11 October 1427, resulting in a victory for the Venetians under Carmagnola over the Milanese under Carlo I Malatesta. The battle was fought at Maclodio(or Macalo) a small town near the River Oglio, fifteen kilometres (nine miles) south-west of Brescia. This battle, fought during the second campaign, was the only decisive victory for Venice in the Wars in Lombardy. This battle forced the Milanese into a treaty, conceding Brescia in 1428, though fighting of the wars in Lombardy was to resume later, continuing until the Treaty of Lodiin 1454.
The war began with a pact between Venice and
Florenceto oppose Filippo Maria Visconti, Duke of Milan, and his territorial ambitions. The Venetian commander for the battle, Carmagnola, had recently been under the employ of Milan but defected to Venice when Filippo Maria gave him governorship of Genoarather than further military duty in an attempt to lessen his power. The doge of Venice, Francesco Foscari, was seriously considering helping Florence in their conflict against Milan, and Carmagnola spurred this on, persuading the doge to name him general in a new war against Milan.
Carmagnola quickly took Brescia for Venice, then made sure he campaigned very slowly, doing very little for a long time, forcing Venice to pay incredible amounts in upkeep for the almost useless army. Eventually the public was starting to catch on to this, so Carmagnola decided he needed another big victory to keep in command. He finally moved into enemy territory and met the army of Filippo Maria, under Carlo Malatesta, at Maclodio.
The town itself was virtually destroyed in the battle, and the result was a decisive victory for Venice. Carmagnola was heavily praised and rewarded, being given a palace at
San Staethat used to be the property of the Malatesta family, a fief in Bresciano, and a letter of appreciation from the doge. Public opinion of Carmagnola quickly soured again, however, as he released all 8,000 prisoners captured and decided not to advance on the defenceless Cremona. He then retired his army for the winter against Venetian wishes.
A short truce was offered by Milan, eventually granted by Venice on
19 April 1428, on the condition that Milan cede Bergamoand the surrounding area to them. This was the largest permanent land holdings that Venice would have for the rest of its history.A History of Venice, First Vintage Books Edition, Vintage Books, 1989.] The Wars in Lombardy resumed two years later.
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