- Steel roller coaster
A steel roller coaster is a
roller coasterthat is defined by having a track made of steel. Steel coasters have earned immense popularity in the past 50 years throughout the world. Incorporating tubular steel track and polyurethane-coated wheels, the thrill rides can provide a taller, smoother, and faster ride with more inversions than a traditional wooden roller coaster. Arrow Dynamicsfirst introduced the steel roller coaster to feature tubular track to the thrill industry with their creations of the Matterhorn ( Disneyland) and the Runaway Mine Train ( Six Flags Over Texas).
2006, the oldest operating steel roller coaster in North Americais the Little Dipper at Memphis Kiddie Parkin Brooklyn, Ohioand has been operating since April, 1952.
*Steel coasters have a generally smoother ride than their wooden counterparts, although it is sometimes argued that wooden roller coasters provide a bigger feeling of "threat" due to their rougher ride. However,there are some exceptions such as various
Vekoma, Arrow Dynamicsand Togocoasters.Fact|date=June 2008
*Almost all world records for tallest, fastest, and longest coasters are currently held by steel roller coasters.Fact|date=April 2008
*The fact that less supports are need means steel roller coasters have made a large variety of features possible, such as loops, barrel rolls, and corkscrews.
Notable steel roller coasters
(NOTE: Dive and Vertical Drop coasters are the same)
Six Flags Great Americain Gurnee, Illinoiswas the first inverted roller coaster.
Thunderhawkat Michigan's Adventure- First suspended looping coaster in Michigan.
Knott's Berry Farm- first modern roller coaster ever to send riders upside down; built in 1975; now exists at Silverwoodamusement park.
Runaway Mine Trainat Six Flags Over Texas- first mine train roller coaster; built in 1969.
Millennium Forceat Cedar Point- first full circuit roller coaster to top 300 ft.
Collosusat Thorpe Park- worlds first coaster with 10 inversions.
Cedar Point- world's first "95 Degree drop" coaster
Storm Runnerat Hershey Park- world's first rocket coaster to feature inversions
Kingda Kaat Six Flags Great Adventure- world's tallest (456 ft.) and fastest (128 mph) roller coaster
Six Flags Great Adventure- Hyper coaster -
Top Thrill Dragsterat Cedar Point- world's first " stratacoaster"
Alpengeistat Busch Gardens Europe- world's tallest full circuit inverted coaster
*Silver Star at
Europa-Park- Europe's tallest roller coaster
Griffonat Busch Gardens Europe- world's tallest and fastest dive coaster
SheiKraat Busch Gardens Africa- America's first dive coaster
Xceleratorat Knott's Berry Farm- world's first rocket coaster
Alton Towers- world's first vertical drop roller coaster
Canada's Wonderland- First hypercoasterin Canada; first coaster in Canadato have a drop over 200 ft tall.
King's Dominion- World's largest floorless coaster by Bolliger and Mabillard, formerly at Geauga Lake
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