Lavash


Lavash
For the Caribbean island, see Lavash Island; for the cheese, see Lavaş cheese.
Different varieties of Lavash sold in Yerevan market

Lavash (Armenian: լավաշ, Turkish and Azeri: lavaş, Georgian: ლავაში lavaši, Kurdish: Lawaş لاواش, Persian: لواش, lavāš) is a soft, thin flatbread popular in several countries of the northern parts of the Middle-East and the southern parts of the Caucasus.

Traditionally the dough is rolled out flat and slapped against the hot walls of a clay oven.

While quite flexible when fresh, lavash dries out quickly and becomes brittle and hard. The soft form is easier to use when making wrap sandwiches; however, the dry form can be used for long-term storage and is used instead of leavened bread in Eucharist traditions by the Armenian Apostolic Church. Dry, left-over lavash is used in Iran to make quick meals after being rehydrated with water, butter and cheese. Lavash bread is also used with kebabs, to make dürüm wraps.

Lavash is made with flour, water, and salt. The thickness of the bread varies and depends on how thin it's rolled out. Toasted sesame seeds and/or poppy seeds can be sprinkled on before baking.

It is the most widespread type of bread in Armenia, Azerbaijan and Iran.[1]

It is also known in English as lahvash or cracker bread.

Contents

Possible origins and etymology

  • According to the American heritage dictionary lavash is of Armenian origin.[2][3]
  • According to the Encyclopedia of Jewish Food its origin is Middle East.[4][Need quotation to verify]
  • According to Armenian Soviet Encyclopedia the word lavash is an Armenian word, as the word "lavash" in Armenian consists of two parts. The first one "lav" in Armenia means "good". The second part "ash" means "food, meal". So in Armenian it means "good food".[5][Need quotation to verify]

Notes

Lavash wraps have recently been popularized in the USA within Jillian Michaels' thirty day fitness guide book for losing the 'last 10-20' stubborn pounds. The wraps are a key component of the diet plan. The book is entitled Making the Cut.

See also

References

  1. ^ The Bread Baker's Apprentice: Making Classic Breads with the Cutting-edge Techniques of a Bread Master
  2. ^ Provided by wordnik.com website
  3. ^ Provided by Yahoo Education website
  4. ^ Gil Marks (2010). Encyclopedia of Jewish Food. John Wiley and Sons. p. 355. 
  5. ^ "Armenian Encyclopedia". Armenian Encyclopedia. 4. Armenian National Academy of Sciences. pp. 234–235. 

External links


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Lavash — auf einem Markt in Jerewan Lavash ( armenisch : լավաշ, Aseri: lavaş persisch : ﻟﻮﺍﺶ, türkisch : Lavaş ) ist ein ungesäuertes Fladenbrot, das überwiegend in der armenischen, aserbaidschanischen, anatolischen und häufig auch… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Lavash — Ereván, Lavash en el Mercado Central. Lavash (armenio: լավաշ; persa: لواش; turco: lavaş; azeri: lavaş; georgiano: ლავაში también conocido como Lahvash o pan armenio cracker) es un pan plano suave …   Wikipedia Español

  • Lavash — Différentes variétés de Lavash au marché d Erevan Le lavash (en arménien : լավաշ, en persan : ﻟﻮﺍﺶ) est une fine galette moelleuse faite de farine, de sel et d eau. C est le pain le plus courant en A …   Wikipédia en Français

  • lavash — la·vash (lə văshʹ) n. A thin leavened flatbread of Armenian origin.   [Armenian, from Turkish lavaş.] * * * …   Universalium

  • lavash — noun /ləˈvɑːʃ,ləˈvaʃ/ A soft, thin flatbread made with flour, water, yeast, and salt, baked in a tandoor. Toasted sesame seeds and/or poppy seeds are sometimes sprinkled on it before baking. Traditionally made in Armenia and other countries of… …   Wiktionary

  • lavash — la·vash …   English syllables

  • lavash — /ləˈvaʃ/ (say luh vahsh) noun a type of flatbread, sometimes unleavened. Also, lavosh. {Armenian} …   Australian English dictionary

  • lavash — ˈläˌväsh noun ( es) Etymology: Armenian : a large thin crisp unleavened wafer with a rough surface from air bubbles …   Useful english dictionary

  • Lavach — Lavash Le lavash (en arménien : լավաշ, en persan : ﻟﻮﺍﺶ) est une fine galette moelleuse faite de farine, de sel et d eau. C est le pain le plus courant en Arménie, en Iran et il est également répandu dans tout le Moyen Orient. Il existe …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Cuisine of Armenia — Given the history of the Armenian people, the cuisine of Armenia and of the Armenians in the Armenian Diaspora is representative of the cuisine of the Mediterranean and the Caucasus, with strong influences from Eastern Europe, the Middle East,… …   Wikipedia