- Combined Chiefs of Staff
The Combined Chiefs of Staff was the supreme military command for the western Allies during World War II. It was a body constituted from the British Chiefs of Staff Committee and the American Joint Chiefs of Staff.
Formed in February 1942, the CCS usually held its meetings in Washington, D.C.. Since the British military chiefs could not be expected to be continually present thousands of miles away from London, the British Joint Staff Mission was a body permanently situated in Washington, D.C. to represent British interests. The Joint Staff Mission was a tri-service organization and included Field Marshal Sir John Dill (who was replaced on his death by Field Marshal Sir Henry Maitland Wilson) and Admiral Sir James Somerville amongst its members during the war.
The full CCS usually met only during the great wartime conferences on grand strategy, such as at Casablanca; at the Casablanca Conference in January 1943, General Frank Maxwell Andrews was appointed commander of all United States forces in the European Theater of Operations.
Although it was responsible to both the British and American governments, the CCS controlled forces from many different countries in all theaters, including the Pacific, India and North Africa.
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