- Weird fiction
Weird fiction is a subgenre of
speculative literaturewritten in the late 19th and early 20th century. Weird fiction is distinguished from horror and fantasyin that it predates the niche marketingof genre fiction. Because genre or stylistic conventions had not been established, weird tales often blend the supernatural, mythical, and even scientific. British "weird" authors, for example, published their work in mainstream literary magazines even after American pulp magazines became popular. [Joshi, S.T. "The Weird Tale" (Austin: U of Texas P, 1990), p. 5] Popular weird fiction writers included H. P. Lovecraft, Lord Dunsany, Arthur Machen, and M. R. James.
Although "weird fiction" is chiefly a historical description for works through the 1930s, the term has also been used since the 1980s, sometimes to describe slipstream fiction that blends horror, fantasy, and science fiction.
History of the Genre
H. P. Lovecraftadopted the term from Sheridan Le Fanuand popularized it in his essays. In " Supernatural Horror in Literature," Lovecraft defines the genre:
The true weird tale has something more than secret murder, bloody bones, or a sheeted form clanking chains according to rule. A certain atmosphere of breathless and unexplainable dread of outer, unknown forces must be present; and there must be a hint, expressed with a seriousness and portentousness becoming its subject, of that most terrible conception of the human brain--a malign and particular suspension or defeat of those fixed laws of Nature which are our only safeguard against the assaults of chaos and the daemons of unplumbed space.
pulp magazine, " Weird Tales", published many such stories in the United States from March 1923 to September 1954. S. T. Joshidescribes several subdivisions of the weird tale: supernatural horror (or fantastique), the ghost story, quasi science fiction, fantasy, and ambiguous horror fiction. [, Ibid, pp. 7-10]
Although Lovecraft was one of the few early 20th-century writers to describe their work as weird fiction, [Ibid, p. 1.] the term has enjoyed a contemporary revival in
New Weirdfiction. China Miévilleoften uses "weird fiction" as a way to describe his quasi science fiction and unconventional fantasy.Fact|date=October 2008 Many horror writers have situated themselves within the tradition of weird fiction, including Clive Barker,Fact|date=October 2008 who describes his fiction as fantastique, and Ramsey Campbell, whose work is deeply influenced by Lovecraft.
Weird Fiction Authors
The following writers' work has been characterized as weird fiction or weird tales:
Arthur Machen[Joshi, p. 12]
Lord Dunsany[Joshi, p. 42]
Algernon Blackwood[Joshi, p. 87]
C. M. Eddy, Jr.
M. R. James[Joshi, p. 133]
Ambrose Bierce[Joshi, p. 143]
H. P. Lovecraft[Joshi, p. 168]
William Hope Hodgson[Joshi, p. 231]
L. P. Hartley[Joshi, p. 231]
Clark Ashton Smith[Joshi, p. 231]
Robert E. Howard[Joshi, p. 231]
E. R. Eddison[Joshi, p. 231]
M. P. Shiel[Joshi, p. 231]
Oliver Onions[Joshi, p. 231]
Walter de la Mare[Joshi, p. 231]
Shirley Jackson[Joshi, p. 231]
Ramsey Campbell[Joshi, p. 231]
T. E. D. Klein[Joshi, p. 231]
* [http://en.wikisource.org/wiki/Supernatural_Horror_in_Literature H.P. Lovecraft, "Supernatural Horror in Literature"]
* [http://en.wikisource.org/wiki/Notes_on_Writing_Weird_Fiction H.P. Lovecraft, "Notes on Writing Weird Fiction"]
* [http://www.guardian.co.uk/books/2002/may/16/fiction.bestbooks China Mieville's top 10 weird fiction]
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См. также в других словарях:
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