List of state leaders in 1856


List of state leaders in 1856

1855 state leaders - Events of 1856 - 1857 state leaders - State leaders by year----

See also:
*List of religious leaders in 1856
*List of international organization leaders in 1856
*List of colonial governors in 1856

Africa

*Ashanti Confederacy - Kwaku Dua I Panyin, Asantehene (1834-1867)
* Buganda -
*# Suna II, King of Buganda (1836-1856)
*# Mutesa I, King of Buganda (1856-1884)
* Bunyoro - Kyebambe IV, Omukama of Bunyoro (1852-1869)
* Burundi - Mwezi IV Gisabo, King of Burundi (1852-1908)
*Dahomey -
*# Ghezo, King of Dahomey (1818-1856)
*# Glele, King of Dahomey (1856-1889)
* Ethiopia - Tewodros II, Emperor of Ethiopia (1855-1868)
* Liberia
** President -
**# Joseph Jenkins Roberts, President of Liberia (1848-1856)
**# Stephen Allen Benson, President of Liberia (1856-1864)
* Rwanda - Kigeli IV, King of Rwanda (1853-1895)
* Sokoto Caliphate
**Caliph - Ali bin Bello I, Sokoto Caliph (1842-1859)
**Grand Vizier - Abd al-Qadir, Sokoto Grand Vizier (1842-1859)
* Zanzibar - Sayyid Majid bin Said Al-Busaid, Sultan of Zanzibar (1856-1870)
*Zulu - Mpande kaSenzangakhona, King of the Zulu (1840-1872)

Asia

* Afghanistan - Dost Mohammad Khan, King of Afghanistan (1843-1863)
* China
** Qing Dynasty - Xianfeng, Emperor of China (1850-1861)
** Heavenly Kingdom of Taiping - Hong Xiuquan, King of Heaven (1851-1864)
* Japan
**Monarch - Kōmei, Emperor of Japan (1846-1867)
**Shogun (Tokugawa) - Tokugawa Iesada, Shogun of Japan (1853-1858)
**Ryūkyū Kingdom - Shō Tai, King of Ryūkyū (1848-11 March 1879)
*Korea (Joseon Dynasty) - Cheoljong, King of Joseon (1849-1864)
* Oman - Thuwaini bin Said, Sultan of Oman (1856-1866)

Europe

* Abkhazia - Mikheil, Prince of Abkhazia (1822-1864)
* Belgium
**Monarch - Léopold I, King of the Belgians (1831-1865)
**Cabinet Chief - Pieter Dedecker, Cabinet Chief of Belgium (1855-1857)
* Denmark
** Monarch - Frederick VII, King of Denmark (1848-1863)
** Prime Minister -
**# Peder Georg Bang, Prime Minister of Denmark (1854-1856)
**# Carl Christofer Georg Andrae, Prime Minister of Denmark (1856-1857)
* France - Napoleon III, Emperor of the French (1852-1870)
* German Confederation - Franz Joseph of Austria, President of the German Confederation (1850-1866)
** Austria - Franz Joseph I, Emperor of Austria (1848-1916)
** Luxembourg
***Monarch - William III, King of the Netherlands (1849-1890)
***Prime Minister - Mathias Simons, Prime Minister of Luxembourg (1853-1860)
** Prussia -
***Monarch - Friedrich Wilhelm IV, King of Prussia (1840-1861)
***Prime Minister - Otto von Manteuffel, Minister-President of Prussia (1850-1858)
** Bavaria - Maximilian II, King of Bavaria (1848-1864)
** Saxony - Johann, King of Saxony (1854-1873)
** Hanover - George, King of Hanover (1851-1866)
** Württemberg - William, King of Württemberg (1816-1864)
*Greece - Otto, King of Greece (1832-1862)
*Hungary - Franz Joseph I of Austria, King of Hungary (1848-1916)
*Lucca - Charles, Duke of Lucca (1824-1847)
*Massa and Carrara - Francis V, Duke of Massa and Prince of Carrara (1846-1859)
*Modena - Francis V, Duke of Modena (1846-1859)
*Moldavia -
*#Grigore IV Alexandru Ghica, Vovoid of Moldavia (1849-1853, 1854-1856)
*#Teodor Bals, Princely Lieutenant of Moldavia (1856-1857)
*Monaco
*#Florestan I, Prince of Monaco (1841-1856)
*#Charles III, Prince of Monaco (1856-1889)
*Montenegro - Danilo II Petrovic-Njegos, Prince of Montenegro (1852-1860)
* Netherlands
**Monarch - William III, King of the Netherlands (1849-1890)
**Prime Minister -
**#Floris Adriaan van Hall, Chairman of the Dutch council of ministers (1853-1856, 1860-1861)
**#Justinus van der Brugghen, Chairman of the Dutch council of ministers (1856-1858)
* Norway - United Kingdoms of Sweden and Norway - Kingdom of Sweden-Norway
**Monarch - Oscar I, King of Norway (1844-1859)
**Governor -
**#Severin Løvenskiold, Governor of Norway (1841-1856)
**#vacant from 1856 until abolished in 1873
*Papal States - Pius IX, Pope (1846-1870)
*Parma - Roberto I, Duke of Parma (1854-1859)
**Regent - Duchess Luigia di Borbone (1854-1859)
*Poland - Alexander II, King of Poland, (1853-1861)
*Portugal - Pedro V, King of Portugal (1853-1861)
* Russia - Alexander II, Tsar of Russia (1855-1881)
*Sardinia-Piedmont - Victor Emmanuel II, King of Sardinia-Piedmont (1849-1878*) *King of Italy beginning in 1861
**Prime Minister - Count Camillo Benso di Cavour, Prime Minister of Sardinia-Piedmont (1852-1861)
**Savoy
*Sicily (Kingdom of the Two Sicilies) - Ferdinand II, King of the Two Sicilies (1830-1859)
* Spain - Isabella II, Queen of Spain (September 29, 1833-1868)
* Sweden - United Kingdoms of Sweden and Norway - Oscar I, King of Sweden (1844-1859)
*Switzerland - Jakob Stämpfli, President of Switzerland (1856)
*Kingdom of Tavolara - Paolo I, King of Tavolara (1845-1886)
*Tuscany - Leopold II, Grand Duke of Tuscany (1824-1848, 1849-1859)
*Two Sicilies - Ferdinand II, King of the Two Sicilies (1830-1859)
*United Kingdom
**Monarch - Victoria, Queen of Great Britain and Ireland (1837-1901)
** Prime Minister - Henry John Temple, 3rd Viscount Palmerston, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (1855-1858)
*Wallachia -
*#Barbu Dimitrie Stirbey, Vovoid of Wallachia (1849-1853, 1854-1856)
*#Alexandru Dimitrie Ghica, Princely Lieutenant of Wallachia (1856-1858)

Middle East and North Africa

* Kuwait - Sheikh Jabir ibn Abdullah Al Sabah, Ruler of Kuwait (1814-1859)
* Morocco - Abu al-Fadl `Abd ar-Rahman, Sultan of Morocco (1822-1859)
* Ottoman Empire
**Monarch - Abd-ul-Mejid, Sultan of the Ottoman Empire (1839-1861)
**Grand Vizier -
**# Mehmed Emin Ali Pasha, Ottoman Grand Vizier (1855-1856)
**# Mustafa Resid Pasha, Ottoman Grand Vizier (1856-1857)
**Tunisia
***Monarch - Muhammad (II) ibn al-Husayn, Pasha-Bey of Tunisia (1855-1859)
***Grand Vizier - Mustapha Khaznadar (1837-1873)

North America

*Costa Rica - Juan Rafael Mora Porras, President of Costa Rica (18491859)
*Dominican Republic -
*#Pedro Santana Familias, President of the Dominican Republic (1844-1848, 1849, 1853-1856)
*#Manuel de Regla Mota y Álvarez de Fuentes, President of the Dominican Republic (1856)
*#Buenaventura Báez Méndez, President of the Dominican Republic (1849-1853, 1856-1858)
*El Salvador -
*# José María San Martín y Fugón, President of El Salvador (1854-1856)
*# Rafael Campo Pomar, President of El Salvador (1856-1858)
*Guatemala - José Rafael Carrera Turcios, Perpetual President of Guatemala (1844-1848, 1851-1865))
*Haiti - Faustin, Emperor of Haiti (1847*-1859) *Emperor from 1849
*Honduras -
*#Francisco de Aguilar, Acting President of Honduras (1855-1856)
*#José Santos Guardiola Bustillo, President of Honduras (1856-1862)
* Mexico: Ignacio Comonfort, President of Mexico (1855–1857)
*Miskito Nation - George Augustus Frederic II, King of the Miskito Nation (1842-1865)
*Nicaragua - Patricio Rivas, Provisional President of Nicaragua (1855-1857)
* United States: Franklin Pierce, President of the United States (1853–1857)

Oceania

* Hawaii - Kamehameha IV, King of Hawaii (1854-1863)
* Tonga - Tāufaʻāhau, Tu'i Kanokupolu (1845-1893)

outh America

* Bolivia - Jorge Córdova, President of Bolivia (1855-1857)
* Brazil - Pedro II, Emperor of Brazil (1831-1889)
* Chile - Manuel Francisco Antonio Julián Montt Torres, President of Chile (1851-1861)
* Ecuador -
*#José María Mariano Segundo Fernández de Urvina Viteri, President of Ecuador (1851*-1856) *Supreme Chief (in rebellion) to 1852
*#Francisco Robles Garcia, President of Ecuador (1856-1859)
* New Granada - Manuel María Mallarino Ibargüen, Acting President of New Granada (1855-1857)
* Paraguay - Carlos Antonio López, Perpetual Supreme Dictator (1844-1862)
* Peru - Ramón Castilla, President of Peru (18451851 and 1855-1862)
*Uruguay -
*#Manuel Basilio Bustamante, President of Uruguay (1855-1856)
*#José María Plá, President of Uruguay (1856)
*#Gabriel Antonio Pereira, President of Uruguay (1856-1860)
* Venezuela - José Tadeo Monagas Burgos, President of Venezuela (1847-1851 and 1855-1858)


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