London After Midnight (film)


London After Midnight (film)

Infobox Film
name = London After Midnight


caption = Lobby card for "London After Midnight"
director = Tod Browning
writer = Tod Browning (story, "The Hypnotist")
Waldemar Young(scenario)
Joseph Farnham (titles)
starring = Lon Chaney
Marceline Day
Conrad Nagel
Henry B. Walthall
Polly Moran
cinematography = Merritt B. Gerstad
editing = Harry Reynolds
distributor = Metro Goldwyn Mayer Pictures
released = December 3, 1927 (premiere)
December 17, 1927 (General release)
runtime = 69 min.
footage = 5692 feet (6 Reels)
language = Silent film
English intertitles
budget =
amg_id = 1:99980
imdb_id = 0018097 |

"London After Midnight" is a 1927 silent mystery film with horror overtones. The film stars Lon Chaney, Marceline Day, Conrad Nagel, Henry B. Walthall, and Polly Moran and was directed by Tod Browning. It is also a lost film, quite possibly the most famous lost film ever. The last known copy was destroyed in a fire in an MGM film vault in 1965.

ynopsis

The setting of the film is (then contemporary) 1920s London.

Sir Roger Balfour is found shot to death in his home. Inspector Burke (Lon Chaney, Sr.) of Scotland Yard is called in to investigate. The suspects are Williams (the butler), Sir James Hamlin (Henry B. Walthall) and his nephew, Arthur Hibbs (Conrad Nagel). A suicide note is found and the case is supposedly closed.

Five years later, the old residence of Balfour is taken up by a man in a beaver-skin hat, with large fangs and gruesome, sunken eyes. His assistant is a ghostly woman, with flowing robes and raven black hair. Could it be Balfour, returned from the dead?

Background

Chaney's makeup for the film is noteworthy, for the sharpened teeth and the hypnotic eye effect he achieved with special wire fittings which he wore like monocles. Based on surviving accounts, he purposefully gave the "vampire" character an absurd quality, because it was the film's Scotland Yard detective character (also played by Chaney) in a disguise. Surviving stills show this was the only time Chaney used his famous makeup case as an on-screen prop.

The film was well-received at the box-office, grossing almost $500,000. It was the most successful collaborative film between Chaney and Browning. Unfortunately, it is now lost: no copies of the film are known to exist, although there has been an attempt at a reconstruction utilizing the script and publicity shots. Browning later remade the film, with some changes to the plot, as "Mark of the Vampire" (Lionel Barrymore plays the police inspector and Bela Lugosi portrays the vampire).

The film was used as a part of the defense for a man accused of murdering a woman in Hyde Park, London in 1928. He claimed Chaney's performance drove him temporarily insane, but his plea was rejected and he was convicted of the crime.

The last known print of the film was stored by MGM in Vault #7. In 1965, an electrical fire broke out in the vault that destroyed countless films from the silent era, including this last known print. However, rumors persist that one copy of the film may exist in a private collection in Canada and that the owner has declined to bring the print forward for preservation.Fact|date=June 2007 On July 24th 2008, Aintitcool linked to a story of an eye witness who claims to have seen a nitrate print of the film in the late 1980s in a Hollywood archive, but the veracity of that story remains unconfirmed.cite web |url=http://aintitcool.com/node/37599 |title=Aintitcool: Time/Warner Has Lon Chaney's LONDON AFTER MIDNIGHT? |accessdate=2008-07-24]

Reconstruction

In 2002, Turner Classic Movies commissioned famed restoration producer Rick Schmidlin ("Greed", "Touch of Evil") to produce a 45 min. reconstruction of the film, using still photographs. This was well received by horror fans and Schmidlin received the Rondo Award for his efforts.

References

External links

* [http://www.vampiremovies.co.uk/scripts/london.htm Original screenplay for "London After Midnight]
* [http://www.michaelgebert.com/lam/lam1.html Mike's "London After Midnight" Myths Page]
* [http://www.moria.co.nz/horror/londonafter12.htm Review of the Stills Restoration]
* [http://www.1000misspenthours.com/reviews/reviewsh-m/londonaftermidnight.htm 1000 Mispent Hours review of Stills Restoration]


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