- Northern Redcurrant
name = Northern Redcurrant
divisio = Magnoliophyta
genus = "
species = "R. triste"
binomial = "Ribes triste"
binomial_authority = Pall.
Northern Redcurrant or Swamp Redcurrant ("Ribes triste") is a
shrubin the flowering plantfamily Grossulariaceae, native to northern North Americain Alaska, Canada, and the United Statessouth to Oregonand Virginia. This species grows in wet rocky woods, swamps, and cliffs.
It grows to 0.5 m tall, with a lax, often creeping branches. The leaves are alternate, palmately lobed with five lobes, 6-10 cm diameter. The
flowers are in pendulous racemes, 4-7 cm long. The axis of the raceme is glandular. Each raceme bears 6-13 small, purplish flowers that appear in June and July. The fruitis a bright red berry, without the hairs that some currants have.
The Dena'ina and other Native Americans use the berries as a food source. The Dena'ina names "nunazk'et'i", which means "that which hangs down" and "jeghdenghult'ila" "ear it's tied onto" refer to the berries. It is said that the latter name relates to the idea that the hanging fruit resembles earrings.
Among the currants that grown in their country, the Dena'ina favor the northern red currant and the
Trailing black currantfor food. According to Osgood, red currants are also used for medicine. They were "skinned", placed in boiling water, and then wrapped and used as a poulticefor sore eyes. for the Inland people, the stem and bark of this plant is made into medicine for colds, flu, and tuberculosis by boiling the plant and taking the decoction internally. Some people prefer to use either the stem or bark while others use both parts. The Dena'ina use the cooled tea as a wash for sore eyes, too. The Inland people also make a wash for the eyes of puppies from the leaves of the Northern red current.
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