Seasoning


Seasoning

:"Alternate meanings: Seasoning (cast iron); Seasoning (wood); Seasoning (slave)"Seasoning is the process of imparting or improving flavor of food. [The Oxford English Dictionary, 2nd Edition (1989)] Seasonings include herbs, spices, and all other condiments, which are themselves frequently referred to as "seasonings". However, "Larousse Gastronomique" states that "to season and to flavour are not the same thing", insisting that seasoning includes a large or small amount of salt being added to a preparation."Larousse Gastronomique" (1961), Crown Publishers
("Translated from the French, Librairie Larousse, Paris (1938)")] Salt may be used to draw out water, or to magnify a natural flavor of a food making it richer or more delicate, depending on the dish. This type of procedure is akin to curing. For instance, kosher salt (a coarser-grained salt) is rubbed into chicken, lamb, and beef to tenderize the meat and improve flavor. Other seasonings like black pepper and basil transfer some of their flavor to the food. A well designed dish may combine seasonings that complement each other.

In addition to the choice of herbs and seasoning, the timing of when flavors are added will affect the food that is being cooked.

In some cultures, meat may be seasoned by pouring sauce over the dish at the table. A variety of seasoning techniques exist in various cultures.

Infused Oils is another method of seasoning. There are two methods for doing an infusion — hot and cold. Olive oil makes a good infusion base for some herbs, but tends to go rancid more quickly than other oils. Infused oils should be kept refrigerated.

Escoffier

In "Le Guide culinaire",Auguste Escoffier (1903), "Le Guide culinaire", Editions Flammarion] Auguste Escoffier divides Seasoning and Condiments into the following groups:

easonings:

# "Saline seasonings"—Salt, spiced salt, saltpeter.
# "Acid seasonings"—Plain vinegar, or same aromatized with tarragon; "verjuice", lemon and orange juices.
# "Hot seasonings"—Peppercorns, ground or coarsely chopped pepper, or "mignonette pepper"; paprika, curry, cayenne, and mixed pepper spices.
# "Saccharine seasonings—Sugar and honey.

Condiments:

# "The pungents"—Onions, shallots, garlic, chives, and horseradish.
# "Hot condiments"—Mustard, gherkins, capers, English sauces, such as Worcestershire, Harvey, Ketchup, etc. and American sauces such as Chili, Tabasco, A-One, Steak sauce, etc.; the wines used in reductions and braisings; the finishing elements of sauces and soups.
# "Fatty substances"—Most animal fats, butter, vegetable greases (edible oils and margarine).

References


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  • Seasoning — Sea son*ing, n. 1. The act or process by which anything is seasoned. [1913 Webster] 2. That which is added to any species of food, to give it a higher relish, as salt, spices, etc.; a condiment. [1913 Webster] 3. Hence, something added to enhance …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • seasoning — index experience (background) Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • seasoning — [n] flavoring for food condiment, dressing, gravy, herb, pepper, pungency, relish, salt, sauce, spice, zest; concepts 457,461 …   New thesaurus

  • seasoning — ► NOUN ▪ salt, herbs, or spices added to food to enhance the flavour …   English terms dictionary

  • seasoning — [sē′zən iŋ] n. anything that adds zest; esp., salt, spices, etc. added to food to make it more tasty …   English World dictionary

  • seasoning — seasoninglike, adj. /see zeuh ning/, n. 1. salt or an herb, spice, or the like, for heightening or improving the flavor of food. 2. the process by which a person becomes conditioned or seasoned: That pitcher had a year of seasoning. [1505 15;… …   Universalium

  • seasoning — UK [ˈsiːz(ə)nɪŋ] / US [ˈsɪz(ə)nɪŋ] noun [countable/uncountable] Word forms seasoning : singular seasoning plural seasonings salt, pepper, or other spices that you add to food to improve the taste Taste the sauce and adjust the seasoning …   English dictionary

  • Seasoning — The length of time a debt security has been publicly traded. Seasoning determines if a premium should be made for the security in the secondary market. The debt security can be unseasoned if has been traded for less than a year, or seasoned if it …   Investment dictionary

  • seasoning — [[t]si͟ːzənɪŋ[/t]] seasonings N MASS Seasoning is salt, pepper, or other spices that are added to food to improve its flavour. Mix the meat with the onion, carrot, and some seasoning. ...seasonings such as coriander, chives and ginger …   English dictionary

  • Seasoning — Season Sea son, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Seasoned}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Seasoning}.] 1. To render suitable or appropriate; to prepare; to fit. [1913 Webster] He is fit and seasoned for his passage. Shak. [1913 Webster] 2. To fit for any use by time or… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English


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