La Santé Prison


La Santé Prison

La Santé Prison (French: Maison d'arrêt de la Santé or Paris - La Santé) is a prison located in the XIVe arrondissement of Paris, France. It is one of the most famous prisons in France, with both VIP and high-security districts.

History

Prison de La (rue de la) Santé was founded in 1867 by architect Emile Vaudremer. Its name came from the street where the main gates are, the street itself earning that name because of its proximity to hospital Sainte-Anne (which was one of the main psychiatric hospitals of Paris). Until a few years ago the prison was divided into four blocks, A-D. Each block housed prisoners from the same geographic or ethnic background. For example, block A was designated for Western Europeans, block B for Black Africans, block C for the Maghreb, and block D for the rest of the prisoners.

In the early 1900's, after the destruction of the former Prison de la Grande-Roquette, La Santé remained the last men's penitentiary facility in Paris : amongst the newcomers prisoners were the men sentenced to death. Logically, it was decided soon to perform public executions on boulevard Arago, right next to la Santé's walls. On August 5, 1909, parricide Henri Duchemin was the first person to be executed, by guillotine, right outside of this prison. When public executions were banned in 1939, La Santé's guillotine was moved inside the prison's courtyard, where on March 15, 1940 the Vocoret brothers were the first to be executed. The last ones were Roger Bontems and Claude Buffet, who were beheaded on November 28, 1972.

During World War II, the prison was used to hold both common criminals as well as opponents of the German occupation. On Bastille Day, 1944, as Allied forces were approaching the city, the prisoners revolted, an insurrection that was put down with great brutality and loss of life by the Vichy Milice.

In 2000, the head surgeon of the prison, Veronique Vasseur, published a book in which she denounced very bad conditions of imprisonment: dirt, illnesses, etc. The book was a shock to the public and prompted parliamentary evaluation of the situation. [" [http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9F06E1DC103CF93BA15752C0A9669C8B63&sec=health&spon=&pagewanted=1 Expose of Brutal Prison Jolts France's Self-Image] ", The New York Times, January 28, 2000]

Well Known Prisoners of La Santé

* Ilich Ramírez Sánchez
* Jacques Mesrine
* Marcel Petiot
* Henri Charrière
* Arsène Lupin (fictitious)
* Jerome Kerviel
* Alén Diviš

References

Further reading

* Dominique Vasseur, "Médecin chef à la prison de la santé", ISBN 2253151734


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • prison — [ prizɔ̃ ] n. f. • XIIe; prisun, prisum « prise, capture » 1080; lat. pop. °prensio, onis, class. prehensio, onis, de prehendere I ♦ Lieu de détention. 1 ♦ Établissement clos aménagé pour recevoir des délinquants condamnés à une peine privative… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Prison escape — A prison escape or prison break is where a prisoner leaves their prison through unofficial or illegal ways, while an effort is made to recapture them by their original detainers. Fact|date=March 2008Legal DefinitionsThe terms jailbreak and prison …   Wikipedia

  • Prison de la Sante — Prison de la Santé 48°50′2″N 2°20′23″E / 48.83389, 2.33972 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Prison de la santé — 48°50′2″N 2°20′23″E / 48.83389, 2.33972 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Prison (France) — Prison en France Le centre de détention de Roanne Les prisons françaises sont gérées par l Administration pénitentiaire (rattachée au ministère de la Justice depuis 1911). Elles font partie des lieux privatifs de liberté. Le rôle de la prison en… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Prison en france — Le centre de détention de Roanne Les prisons françaises sont gérées par l Administration pénitentiaire (rattachée au ministère de la Justice depuis 1911). Elles font partie des lieux privatifs de liberté. Le rôle de la prison en France est, d une …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Prison française — Prison en France Le centre de détention de Roanne Les prisons françaises sont gérées par l Administration pénitentiaire (rattachée au ministère de la Justice depuis 1911). Elles font partie des lieux privatifs de liberté. Le rôle de la prison en… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • SANTÉ — Si, depuis le développement de la pathologie, on n’emploie plus le mot de maladie(s) qu’au pluriel, a survécu trop longtemps la notion de santé (au singulier), concept vide mais unique pour lequel on s’efforce de trouver alors une espèce de… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Prison — de la Santé 14e arrondissement, Paris Une prison, centre de détention ou pénitencier[note 1] est un lieu d emprisonnement ; par extension, le terme pri …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Prison de l'Entrepôt des cafés — Plaque commémorative située sur la façade de l ancien entrepôt, au 2 rue Lamoricière Présentation Type Ancienne prison …   Wikipédia en Français


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.