- Robert Bacon
Infobox US Cabinet official
United States Assistant Secretary of State
September 5, 1905
January 27, 1909
Francis B. Loomis
John Callan O'Laughlin
United States Secretary of State
January 27, 1909
March 5, 1909
Philander C. Knox
Jamaica Plain, Massachusetts, U.S.
death_date=death date and age|1919|05|29|1860|07|05
New York City, New York, U.S.
spouse=Martha Waldron Cowdin
Robert Bacon (
July 5, 1860– May 29, 1919) was an American statesman and diplomat. He served as United States Secretary of Statefrom January to March 1909.
Jamaica Plain, Massachusetts, to William Benjamin Bacon and Emily Crosby Low, he was graduate of Harvard University, where he was a member of Delta Kappa Epsilon. He was married on October 10, 1883to Martha Waldron Cowdin. They had four children: Robert Low Bacon, Gaspar Griswold Bacon, Elliot Cowdin Bacon, and Martha B. Bacon (Mrs. George Whitney). Their son Robert was a United States Congressman and Gaspar was the President of the Massachusetts Senatefrom 1929-32 and Lieutenant Governor of Massachusettsfrom 1933-1935.
He worked in the business world, including partnership with
J.P. Morgan & Co.for many years starting in 1894. He acted as J.P. Morgan's chief lieutenant and participated in the formation of the U.S. Steel Corporation and the Northern Securities Company. The pressure of the job shot his nerves, and he left the company in 1903.
He was named
Assistant Secretary of Statein 1905, a position which held until 1909— he was acting Secretary of State while Elihu Rootwas in South Americain 1906. He was U.S. Secretary of Statein President Theodore Roosevelt(a friend from Harvard)'s Cabinet from January 27, 1909and served until March 5, 1909. As Secretary of State, obtained the advice and consent of the Senate for the Canal treaties of 1909 with Colombia and Panama. He served as United States Ambassador to Francefrom 1909 until 1912 and worked for John J. Pershingduring the term of American involvement in World War I.
He became a Fellow of Harvard in 1912. In August 1914 he went to
Franceto help with the work of the American Ambulance. His book "For Better Relations with Our Latin American Neighbors" was published in 1915. He was then commissioned a major and detailed to General Pershing's staff in 1917, promoted to lieutenant colonel in 1918 and served as Chief of the American Military Mission at British General Headquarters.
Bacon died in 1919; cause said to be from development of blood poisoning in the neck after undergoing surgery on his mastoiditis. [New York Times, 1919 (http://query.nytimes.com/gst/abstract.html?res=9507EEDC173AE03ABC4850DFB3668382609EDE) (accessed electronically 11 July 2008)]
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