Bushrod Washington


Bushrod Washington

Infobox Judge
name = Bushrod Washington


imagesize =
caption =
office = Associate Justice of the United States Supreme Court
termstart = February 4 1799
termend = November 26 1829
nominator = John Adams
appointer =
predecessor = James Wilson
successor = Henry Baldwin
office2 =
termstart2 =
termend2 =
nominator2 =
appointer2 =
predecessor2 =
successor2 =
birthdate = birth date|1762|6|5|mf=y
birthplace = Westmoreland County, Virginia
deathdate = death date and age|1829|11|26|1762|6|5|mf=y
deathplace = Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
spouse =

Bushrod Washington (June 5, 1762 – November 26, 1829) was a U.S. Supreme Court associate justice and the nephew of George Washington. While serving on the Marshall Court, he authored the opinion of "Corfield v. Coryell", 6 Fed. Cas. 546 (C.C.E.D. Penn. 1823), while riding circuit as an Associate Justice. In "Corfield", Washington listed several rights traditionally viewed to be "fundamental." This list of fundamental rights has profoundly influenced later Constitutional jurisprudence, particularly with respect to the Privileges and Immunities Clause.

Washington was nominated for the court after another Federalist, John Marshall, turned John Adams down and endorsed him. He became an associate justice on February 4, 1799, at the age of 36. After Marshall became Chief Justice two years later, he voted with Marshall on all but three occasions (one being "Ogden v. Saunders"). In 1816, he helped create the American Colonization Society and held the position as its first president for his entire life. Justice Washington was an owner (and seller) of slaves. [Dunne, Gerald. [http://www.supremecourthistory.org/04_library/subs_volumes/04_c16_e.html Bushrod Washington and The Mount Vernon Slaves] , "Supreme Court Historical Society 1980 Yearbook". Retrieved 2007-02-14.]

Washington was born in Westmoreland County, Virginia, and graduated from the College of William and Mary, where he was one of the first members of Phi Beta Kappa. His uncle George Washington sponsored Bushrod's legal studies with fellow Founder James Wilson. He inherited Mount Vernon from George after the latter died in 1799. [Lossing, Benson J. (1871). "The Home of Washington; Or, Mount Vernon and Its Associations, Historical, Biographical, and Pictorial" (Hartford, Conn.: A.S. Hale & Company), p. 350.]

Notes

External links

* [http://www.oyez.org/oyez/resource/legal_entity/11/biography Biography] from the OYEZ Project
* [http://www.infoplease.com/ce6/people/A0851532.html Biography (Infoplease)]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Bushrod Washington — (* 5. Juni 1762 im Westmoreland County, Virginia; † 26. November 1829 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania) war ein US amerikanischer Jurist und ein langjähriger Richter am …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Bushrod Washington James — Bushrod Washington James, A.M., M.D. (died 1903) was an American surgeon, homeopathist, writer, and philanthropist who lived in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. [cite journal |title=Bushrod Washington James, A.M., M.D., LL.D. |journal=Transactions of… …   Wikipedia

  • Bushrod Park, Oakland, California — Bushrod Park   Neighborhood of Oakland   Location of Bushrod Park in Oakland …   Wikipedia

  • Washington (Name) — Washington ist ein männlicher Vorname und ein Familienname. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Herkunft und Verbreitung 2 Bekannte Namensträger 2.1 Washington als erster Vorname …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Washington (name) — The name Washington is derived from a place name of uncertain origin. The earliest examples in England are either:: Wasindone ( people of the hill by the stream , 1096), or : Wassyngtona ( settlement of Wassa s people , 1183) (more) Family… …   Wikipedia

  • Washington, Bushrod — ▪ United States jurist born June 5, 1762, Westmoreland county, Virginia [U.S.] died November 26, 1829, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S.       associate justice of the United States Supreme Court (Supreme Court of the United States) from 1798 to… …   Universalium

  • Washington Township, Greene County, Indiana — Infobox Settlement official name = Washington Township settlement type = Township nickname = motto = imagesize = image caption = image imagesize = image caption = image mapsize = map caption = Location in Greene County mapsize1 = map caption1 =… …   Wikipedia

  • George Washington — ] Washington has been consistently ranked by scholars as one of the greatest U.S. Presidents.Early lifeGeorge Washington was born on OldStyleDateDY|February 22|1732|February 11, 1731 the first son of Augustine Washington and his second wife, Mary …   Wikipedia

  • George Washington — Para el explorador y marino, véase George Washington DeLong; para el inventor, véase George Washington (inventor). George Washington El presidente Washington por Gilbert Stuart …   Wikipedia Español

  • John Augustine Washington — (1736 1787)cite web | title = George Washington s Family Chart | publisher = Mount Vernon Ladies Association | url = http://www.mountvernon.org/visit/plan/index.cfm/pid/348/#jaw | accessdate =2008 03 21] was a member of the fifth Virginia… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.