- Aboriginal land claim
Aboriginal land claims are claims of Native or Aboriginal peoples (also referred to as Indigenous peoples) about their right of ownership of the land they inhabited before the arrival of settlers, primarily
This process is most active in countries such as
Australia, New Zealandand Canada, where many native populations have survived that have been greatly displaced from their historical territory by the arrival of European settlers.
New Zealanda permanent commission of inquiry called the Waitangi Tribunalwas established by an Act of Parliamentin 1975. It is charged with investigating and making recommendations on claims brought by indigenous Māorirelating to actions or omissions of the Crown, in the period since 1840, that breach the promises made in the Treaty of Waitangi. The Treaty was designed by the former ruling colonists to give credence to Aotearoabecoming a British colony, was signed in 1840 between representatives of the British Crown and Maorichiefs of the North Island. Many aboriginal land claims have been settled through this tribunalprocess, with crown land being either returned to its original Maoriowners or compensation paid by the New Zealand Government.
Māori, Aotearoa/ New Zealand
Aboriginal peoples in Canada
Delgamuukw v. British Columbia
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