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Atlanticism is a philosophy of cooperation among
Western European and North American nations (specifically the United Statesand Canada) regarding political, economic, and defense issues, with the purpose to maintain the security of the participating countries, and to protect the values that unite them: "democracy, individual liberty and the rule of law." [ [http://www.bartleby.com/61/93/A0499300.html Atlanticism. The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language: Fourth Edition. 2000 ] ] North Atlantic Council. [http://www.nato.int/docu/pr/2006/p06-150e.htm "Riga Summit Declaration,"] 2006-11-29. Retrieved on 2007-10-13] One who shares the idea of Atlanticism is known as an Atlantist or an Atlanticist; the name derives from the Atlantic Oceanthat separates the two continents — or, as sea-faring nations will say, the ocean that connects the two continents. Atlanticism is alien to continentalism.
North Atlantic Councilis the premier, governmental forum for discussion and decision-making in an Atlantic context. Well-known Atlanticists include former British Prime Minister Tony Blair, current British Prime Minister Gordon Brown, Zbigniew Brzezinskiand Javier Solana. NATOis an Atlanticist organization, and the F-35 Joint Strike Fighteris an Atlanticist project. Leaders of Eastern Europeancountries such as Polandand Romaniaprofess a strong Atlanticist view - one does not have to live in Western Europe (or North America) to be an Atlanticist. [ [http://www.economist.com/displaystory.cfm?story_id=8492549 "The new kids on the block,"] The Economist, 2007-01-04. Retrieved 2007-10-14. Quote: "Romania, under its president, Traian Basescu, is a bastion of Atlanticism in the Black Sea region."]
Atlanticism has undergone significant changes in the 21st century in light of
terrorismand the Iraq war, the net effect being a renewed questioning of the idea itself "and" a new insight that the security of the respective countries may require alliance action outside the North Atlantic territory. After the September 11, 2001 attacks, NATOfor the first time invoked Article 5, [North Atlantic Council. [http://www.nato.int/docu/pr/2001/p01-124e.htm "Statement by the North Atlantic Council,"] 2001-10-12. Retrieved on 2007-10-13] which states that any attack on a member state will be considered an attack against the entire group of members. Planes of NATO's multi-national AWACSunit patrolled the U.S. skies [NATO. [http://www.nato.int/docu/update/2001/1008/e1009b.htm "NATO Airborne Early Warning Aircraft Begin Deploying to the United States,"] 2001-10-09. Retrieved on 2007-10-13] [Schmitt, Eric. [http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9C01E3DF1231F931A35756C0A9649C8B63 "NATO Planes to End Patrol of U.S. Skies,"] The New York Times, 2002-05-02. Retrieved on 2007-10-13.] and European countries deployed personnel and equipment. [NATO, [http://www.nato.int/docu/speech/2001/s011004b.htm "Statement to the Press, by NATO Secretary General, Lord Robertson,"] 2001-10-04. Retrieved on 2007-10-13] In 2006, the North Atlantic Council declared that NATO's key priority was to contribute to the peace and stability in Afghanistan. By the end of 2006, the Atlantic organization had about 32,000 troops in Afghanistan (including 11,000 Americans under its command). [Shanker, Thom. [http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9804EFD91031F932A15751C1A9609C8B63 "Leaving NATO, U.S. General Still Seeks Troops for Afghanistan,"] The New York Times, 2006-12-21. Retrieved on 2007-10-13.] However, the Iraq warcaused fissures between certain Western European states and the US as well as Eastern European states such as Poland. Countries which supported the Iraq war, such as Spain and Italy, saw their generally pro-Iraq war governments lose in recent elections. Tony Blair, however, was re-elected, notwithstanding his relationship with President Bush, and support for the Iraq war. The implication of Romaniaand Polandin secret CIA-run prisons from 2003 to 2005 (both countries denied the existence of such prisons) hurt the Atlanticist idea. [Grey, Stephen, and Doreen Carvajal. [http://www.nytimes.com/2007/06/08/world/europe/08prisons.html "Secret Prisons in 2 Countries Held Qaeda Suspects, Report Says,"] The New York Times, . Retrieved on 2007-10-14.] [ [http://www.economist.com/world/europe/displaystory.cfm?story_id=8770396 "We were there for America,"] The Economist, 2007-03-01. Retrieved on 2007-10-14.] More recently, Germany, and, in May, 2007, France, saw the election of Atlanticist-leaning leaders, notwithstanding wide-spread, continuing opposition to the war in Iraq. [ [http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/europe/4462146.stm "European press review,"] BBC News, 2005-11-23. Retrieved on 2007-10-14.] [ [http://www.economist.com/world/europe/displaystory.cfm?story_id=9149752 "The Gaullist revolutionary,"] The Economist, 2007-05-10. Retrieved on 2007-10-14.] On the other hand, rivalry between NATO and the European Unionhad by 2007 all but caused relations between the two organizations to break down. [ [http://www.economist.com/research/backgrounders/displaybackgrounder.cfm?bg=671921 "NATO,"] The Economist, 2007-07-05. Retrieved on 2007-10-14.]
German Marshall Fund, an atlanticist think tank.
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Atlanticism — Sociopolitical ideology; also called Euro Atlanticism. The Atlanticist orientation of the late Soviet and early postindependence period of Russia can be traced back to the reforms of Peter the Great (1682–1725). Often called the Westernizing… … Historical Dictionary of the Russian Federation
Atlanticism — noun Date: 1950 a policy of military cooperation between European powers and the United States • Atlanticist noun … New Collegiate Dictionary
Atlanticism — At·lan·ti·cism (ăt lănʹtĭ sĭz əm) n. A doctrine of cooperation among western European and North American nations regarding political, economic, and defense issues. At·lanʹti·cist n. * * * … Universalium
Atlanticism — [at lantɪˌsɪz(ə)m] noun belief in a close relationship between western Europe and the US, or particularly in NATO. Derivatives Atlanticist noun & adjective … English new terms dictionary
atlanticism — at·lan·ti·cism … English syllables
atlanticism — … Useful english dictionary
Euro-atlanticism — See Atlanticism … Historical Dictionary of the Russian Federation
Atlanticist — Atlanticism, n. /at lan teuh sist/, n. a supporter of close military, political, and economic cooperation between Western Europe and the U.S. [1965 70; ATLANTIC + IST] * * * … Universalium
Anexo:Participantes en el Grupo Bilderberg — Lo que sigue es una lista de personas prominentes que han asistido a una o más conferencias organizadas por el Grupo Bilderberg. La lista está organizada por categorías. No está completa e incluye personas vivas y fallecidas. Los años en que… … Wikipedia Español
Atlanticist — noun see Atlanticism … New Collegiate Dictionary