ethnic group

popplace=Myanmar, Thailand
relsChristianity, Animism, =Theravada Buddhism
langs= Kayah, Karen (Kanyaw), Kayaw, Kayan

Karenni, also known as Red Karen or Kayah, are a Sino-Tibetan people, living mostly in Kayah State of Burma.


Karen-Ni was the country of the Red Karens, a collection of small states, formerly independent, but was the feudatory to Burma (Myanmar). The states were bounded on the north by the Shan states of Mong Pai, Hsatung and Mawkmai. On the east, it was bounded by Thailand on the south by the Papun district of Lower Burma, and on the west a stretch of mountainous country, inhabited by the Bre and various other small tribes. During British rule in Burma, it had a guard of military police, which was posted at the village of Loikaw.

Karenni States

The Karenni States is the name formerly given to the three states of Kantarawadi (Unit square mile | 3161 | 1 |lk=on , pop (1931) 30,677), Kyebogyi (Unit square mile | 790 | 1 , pop (1931) 14,282) and Bawlake (Unit square mile | 568 | 1 , pop (1931) 13,802), located south of the Federated Shan States and east of British Burma.

The British government recognized and guaranteed the independence of the Karenni States in an 1875 treaty with Burmese King Mindon Min, by which both parties recognized the area as belonging neither to Burma nor to Great Britain. Consequently, the Karenni States were never fully incorporated into British Burma. The Karenni States were recognized as tributary to British Burma in 1892, when their rulers agreed to accept a stipend from the British government. In the 1930s, the Mawchi Mine in Bawlake was the most important source of tungsten in the world. The Constitution of the Union of Burma in 1947 proclaimed that the three Karenni States be amalgamated into a single constituent state of the union, called Karenni State. It also provided for the possibility of secession from the Union after 10 years. In 1952, the former Shan state of Mong Pai was added, and the whole renamed Kayah State, possibly with the intent of driving a wedge between the Karenni and the Karen, both of whom were by now fighting for independence.

ee also

* http://www.karennihomeland.com/
* http://huaypukeng.com/
* http://www.karennisu.org/
* http://www.knrf.org/

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Look at other dictionaries:

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  • karenni — kəˈrenē noun (plural karenni or karennis) Usage: usually capitalized 1. : one of several Karen peoples of eastern Burma the women of which elongate their necks by heavy coils of brass that thrust the head away from the body 2. : a member of a… …   Useful english dictionary

  • karenni — ka·ren·ni …   English syllables

  • Karenni the Minx — is a character from the Viz comic magazine. Karenni takes her name from Karen Ni, the country of the Red Karens, a collection of small states, formerly independent, but was the feudatory to Burma (now Myanmar). So called because the character is… …   Wikipedia

  • Karenni Army — Die Karenni Army ist der bewaffnete Arm der Karenni National Progressive Party (KNPP), einer politischen Organisation, die für die Unabhängigkeit des Kayah Staats in Myanmar kämpft. Die KNPP und die Karenni Army wurden 1955 von Saw Mah Rew… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Karenni National Progressive Party —    (KNPP)    An ethnic minority armed group that operates along the Burma Thai border in Kayah (Karenni) State. Its stated purpose is to defend the independence of the Karenni States, recognized by the British in 1875, from Burmese intrusion,… …   Historical Dictionary of Burma (Myanmar)

  • Karenni States —    Comprising what is now Kayah (Karenni) State, they were five principalities under the authority of Karenni (Kayah) rulers who entered into a subordinate alliance with the British government outside of the sovereignty of British India in 1875.… …   Historical Dictionary of Burma (Myanmar)

  • Karenni State —    See Kayah State …   Historical Dictionary of Burma (Myanmar)

  • Western Karenni — was the collective name for the four Karenni states located west of the Salween River: Bawlake, Nammekon, Naungpale, and Kyebogyi. On 21 June 1875, the government of British India and king Mindon of Burma signed a treaty recognizing the… …   Wikipedia

  • Kayah (Karenni) State —    One of Burma s 14 states and divisions, with an area of 11,733 square kilometers (4,530 square miles), making it the smallest state and the second smallest of Burma s regional jurisdictions. The population was estimated at 266,000 in 2000… …   Historical Dictionary of Burma (Myanmar)