Methodology is generally a guideline for solving a problem, with specific components such as phases, tasks, methods, techniques and tools . It can be defined also as follows:
- "the analysis of the principles of methods, rules, and postulates employed by a discipline";
- "the systematic study of methods that are, can be, or have been applied within a discipline".
- the study or description of methods 
Relation to methods and theories
Generally speaking, methodology does not describe specific methods despite the attention given to the nature and kinds of processes to be followed in a given procedure or in attaining an objective. When proper to a study of methodology, such processes constitute a constructive generic framework; thus they may be broken down in sub-processes, combined, or their sequence changed. As such, methodology may entail a description of generic processes, philosophical concepts or theories related to a particular discipline or field of inquiry. Similarly methodology refers to the rationale and/or the philosophical assumptions that underlie a particular study or a particular methodology (for example, the scientific method). In scholarly literature a section on the methodology of the researchers is typically de rigueur.
Relation to paradigm and algorithm
In theoretical work, the development of paradigms satisfies most or all of the criteria for methodology. A paradigm, like an algorithm, is a constructive framework, meaning that the so-called construction is a logical, rather than a physical, array of connected elements.
- ^ Irny, S.I. and Rose, A.A. (2005) “Designing a Strategic Information Systems Planning Methodology for Malaysian Institutes of Higher Learning (isp- ipta), Issues in Information System, Volume VI, No. 1, 2005
- ^ a b Methodology, entry at Merriam–Webster
- ^ Baskerville, R. (1991). "“Risk Analysis as a Source of Professional Knowledge”". Computers & Security 10 (8): 749–764.
- ^ Katsicas, Sokratis K. (2009) "35" Computer and Information Security Handbook Morgan Kaufmann Pubblications Elsevier Inc p. 605 ISBN 978-0-12-374354-1
- ^ See, for example, Thomas Kuhn, The Structure of Scientific Revolutions (University of Chicago, 1970, 2nd ed.)
- Creswell, J. (1998). Qualitative inquiry and research design: Choosing among five traditions. Thousand Oaks, California: Sage Publications.
- Creswell, J. (2003). Research Design: Qualitative, Quantitative, and Mixed Methods Approaches. Thousand Oaks, California: Sage Publications.
- James, E. Alana, Slater, T. and Bucknam, A. (2011). Action Research for Business, Nonprofit, and Public Administration - A Tool for Complex Times . Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
- Guba, E. and Lincoln, Y. (1989). Fourth Generation Evaluation. Newbury Park, California: Sage Publications.
- Herrman, C. S. (2009). “Fundamentals of Methodology”, a series of papers On the Social Sciences Research Network (SSRN), online.
- Patton, M. Q. (2002). Qualitative research & evaluation methods (3rd edition). Thousand Oaks, California: Sage Publications.
- Webster's New International Dictionary of the English Language, Second Edition, Unabridged, W. A. Neilson, T. A. Knott, P. W. Carhart (eds.), G. & C. Merriam Company, Springfield, MA, 1950.
- Joubish, Farooq Dr. (2009). Educational Research Department of Education, Federal Urdu University,Karachi,Pakistan.
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methodology — UK US /ˌmeθəˈdɒlədʒi/ noun [C or U] (plural methodologies) ► a system of ways of doing, teaching, or studying something: »The methodology and findings of the research team have been criticized. methodological adjective ► »the methodological… … Financial and business terms
Methodology — Meth od*ol o*gy, n. [Gr. ? method + logy.] The science of method or arrangement; a treatise on method. Coleridge. [1913 Webster] … The Collaborative International Dictionary of English
methodology — index array (order), modus operandi, order (arrangement), procedure, process (course) Burt … Law dictionary
methodology — (n.) 1800, from Fr. méthodologie or directly from Mod.L. methodologia; see METHOD (Cf. method) + OLOGY (Cf. ology) … Etymology dictionary
methodology — [n] methods approach, channels, design, manner, mode, plan, practice, procedure, process, program, style, technique, way; concepts 6,644 … New thesaurus
methodology — ► NOUN (pl. methodologies) ▪ a system of methods used in a particular field. DERIVATIVES methodological adjective methodologist noun … English terms dictionary
methodology — [meth′ə däl′ə jē] n. [ModL: see METHOD & LOGY] 1. the science of method, or orderly arrangement; specif., the branch of logic concerned with the application of the principles of reasoning to scientific and philosophical inquiry 2. pl.… … English World dictionary
methodology — meth|o|dol|o|gy [ˌmeθəˈdɔlədʒi US ˈda: ] n plural methodologies [U and C] the set of methods and principles that you use when studying a particular subject or doing a particular kind of work methodology for (doing) sth ▪ We ve been developing a… … Dictionary of contemporary English
methodology — [[t]me̱θədɒ̱ləʤi[/t]] methodologies N VAR A methodology is a system of methods and principles for doing something, for example for teaching or for carrying out research. [FORMAL] Teaching methodologies vary according to the topic... In their own… … English dictionary
methodology — UK [ˌmeθəˈdɒlədʒɪ] / US [ˌmeθəˈdɑlədʒɪ] noun [countable/uncountable] Word forms methodology : singular methodology plural methodologies formal the methods and principles used for doing a particular kind of work, especially scientific or academic… … English dictionary