- James Barron
James Barron (1769 –
21 April 1851) was an officer in the United States Navy.
Barron was born in
Virginiain 1769. As a youth he served in the Virginia Navyduring the last years of the American Revolutionand, nearly two decades later in 1798, received a commission as a Lieutenant in the new U.S. Navy.
He demonstrated superior seamanship abilities as an officer of the
frigate"United States", was promoted to Captainand commanded the frigate "Warren" in 1800-1801, during the final months of the Quasi-Warwith France. Over the next several years, he served in the First Barbary Warin the Mediterraneanand supervised the construction of a gunboat.
During his career, he commanded the
frigateUSS "Chesapeake" as a commodore in the US Navy. On 22 June 1807, his ship was involved in the "Chesapeake"-"Leopard" Affair, which preceded the War of 1812. The British frigate, HMS "Leopard" cornered his frigate and asked to search for British navy deserters. Barron refused and the British frigate attacked USS "Chesapeake", killing three and wounding eighteen. Barron finally allowed for the search. The British took four supposed deserters.
Barron was court-martialed and suspended. John Rodgers was the President of the court-martial, and
Stephen Decaturwas a member. When Barron returned to rejoin the navy, he was met with much humiliation. He challenged Stephen Decatur to a duel, which they fought on 22 March 1820; Barron was hurt badly, and Decatur was fatally wounded.
Barron continued in the Navy on shore duty, becoming senior officer in 1839, and died in
Norfolk, Virginiaon 21 April 1851.
* [http://www.ushistory.org/germantown/people/barron.htm Biography]
* [http://www.history.navy.mil/photos/pers-us/uspers-b/j-barron.htm Naval Historical Center Biography]
* [http://virtualology.com/apjamesbarron/ Biography at Virtualology.com]
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