Tatul


Tatul

Tatul ( _bg. Татул, the local name for "Datura stramonium") is a village in Momchilgrad municipality, Kardzhali Province located in the Eastern Rhodopes in southern Bulgaria. It is lies at 319 m above sea level at coord|41|33|N|25|33|E, 15 km east of Momchilgrad, and as of September 2005 has a population of 189.GR|Bulgaria Most of the houses were built of well-cut stone blocks.

In the 2000s Bulgarian archaeologists discovered an ancient Thracian surface tomb and sanctuary in the immediate proximity of the village, and it was soon recognized as an exclusive religious centre in the region of importance to the whole region according to head archaeologist Nikolay Ovcharov. Latest archaeological finds date the earliest settlement to 4000 BC. According to Ovcharov, the site is the sanctuary and tomb of an influential Thracian leader who was deified after his death. He also links it with the cult of Orpheus [Овчаров, Николай. Новооткритото светилище при с. Татул, Момчилградско, и въпросът за локализацията там на единствения известен в Тракия храм на Орфей, в: Проблеми и изследвания на тракийската култура, Казанлък 2006, с. 26-37] . The ancient sources describe the ritual of burying leaders overground, on the top of a hill (as opposed to in a mound), as extremely rare, mentioning only Orpheus and Rhesus as two of the leaders who were buried this way.

Around 30 clay altars and other items from the 19th-18th century BC have been excavated, as well as an idol, a nude male figure from the Iron Age, proving the sanctuary was used without interruption in the period. A stone wall was erected surrounding the hill between the 4th and the 1st century BC, and the temple was constructed shortly thereafter, with the religious complex gradually expanding and the religious activity worshipping the man buried in Tatul shifting to the mausoleum that was built. Several new buildings were constructed in the 2nd-3rd century AD and the Christianization of the Rhodopes in the late 4th-early 5th century resulted in the conversion of the complex into a local ruler's domain featuring a defensive tower. The complex also suffered from two earthquakes, once in the 12th century BC and once in the 14th century AD.

As the conservation of the site began shortly after the excavations started, it is developing as a tourist destination, with the infrastructure being renewed and created and the Tatul Thracian complex already welcoming tourists.

Honour

Tatul Island off Robert Island, South Shetland Islands is named after Tatul.

References

*
*
*

Notes


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Tatul — (Татул) Hilfe zu Wappen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Tatul —  Pour l’article homonyme, voir Tatul (Aragatsotn).  Tatul Administration Pays …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Tatul Krpejan — (armenisch Թաթուլ Կրպեյան) (* 21. April 1965 in Areg bei Talin, Provinz Aragazotn, Armenien; † 30. April 1991) war während des Berg Karabach Krieges von September 1990 bis April 1991 im Gebiet der Großdörfer Getaschen und Martunaschen des Khanlar …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Tatul Krpeyan — was a Dashnak from Armenia who had been teaching at a local village school. He was the commander of Operation Ring in the defense. Tatul left behind his wife and his 3 year old daughter. He received the highest title in Armenia, the National Hero …   Wikipedia

  • Tatul Island — ( bg. остров Татул , ‘Ostrov Tatul’ os trov ta tul) is a triangular island situated 120 m off the north coast of Robert Island, South Shetland Islands, and 950 m west northwest of Newell Point. Extending 350 by 200 m. Bulgarian early mapping in… …   Wikipedia

  • Tatul (Aragatsotn) —  Pour l’article homonyme, voir Tatul.  40° 23′ 21″ N 43° 48′ 51″ E / …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Sierra de Tatul — Sp Tatùlio kalna Ap Sierra de Tatul L Čilėje …   Pasaulio vietovardžiai. Internetinė duomenų bazė

  • Geschichte von Orpheus und Eurydike — Hermes, Eurydike und Orpheus (Relief in der Villa Albani, Rom) Orpheus war der berühmteste Sänger in der griechischen Mythologie. Nach ihm wurden die Orphik und der Orphismus benannt. Inhaltsverzeichnis …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Rhodope Mountains — Rhodopes Bulgarian: Родопи Greek: Ροδόπη Range …   Wikipedia

  • Nikolaj Ovčarov — Nikolaï Ovtcharov Nikolaï Dimitrov Ovtcharov (en bulgare : Николай Димитров Овчаров, translitération internationale Nikolaj Dimitrov Ovčarov) est un archéologue et historien bulgare né le 19 juillet 1957 à Veliko Tărnovo. Il est membre de l… …   Wikipédia en Français


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.