Hansa Carrier


Hansa Carrier

The "Hansa Carrier" is a container ship. On 27 May 1990, en route from Korea to the United States, the ship encountered a storm which caused the loss of twenty-one 40-foot cargo containers south of the Alaska Peninsula, near coord|48|N|161|W|. Five of these cargo containers contained 80,000 Nike shoes, all of which carried a unique serial number which later made it possible to clearly identify them as part of the spilled cargo.

Importance to oceanography

The "Great Shoe Spill of 1990" was one of the several occasions when shipping accidents have contributed to the knowledge of ocean currents and aided scientists and amateur researchers in their endeavours. After hearing of the accident, oceanic scientist Curtis Ebbesmeyer seized the opportunity: He established links with beachcombers and formed a network of people reporting the landfall of the contents of this and other spills. Using OSCURS (Ocean Surface Currents Simulation), a computer simulator developed by oceanographer Jim Ingraham, Ebbesmeyer tracked the oceanic movement of the "Hansa Carrier" spill and other flotsam, including 34,000 ice hockey gloves washed off the "Hyundai Seattle" in 1994. In the case of the "Hansa Carrier" spill, reports from beachcombers revealed that the first 200 shoes started arriving at the northern Washington coast around Thanksgiving 1990, about 6 months after the spill. Beachcomber finds in January-February 1991 off Vancouver Island and in March 1991 in Queen Charlotte Sound showed that the aggregate mass of shoes next floated northward with the winter Davidson Current. The normal spring wind transition from southerly winds of winter to northerly winds of summer off the Pacific northwest coast must have occurred at the end of March 1991, because the next batch of recoveries was reported to the south off Oregon in April and May, indicating that a sharp reversal of currents had moved the flotilla to the south.

ee also

* The North Pacific Gyre is the part of the Pacific ocean where the spill took place

External links

* [http://www.cnn.com/2003/TECH/science/05/26/coolsc.oceansecrets/index.html How Nikes, toys and hockey gear help ocean science]
* [http://www.gi.alaska.edu/ScienceForum/ASF10/1099.html If the Shoe Fits - Alaska Science Forum]
* [http://www.beachcombers.org/ Beachcombers' Alert]

References

* Ebbesmeyer, Curtis C., and Ingraham, W. James, Jr.; "Shoe Spill in the North Pacific", Eos (Transactions of the American Geophysical Union), 73:361, 1992.


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Deutsche Luft Hansa — This article is about the airline in operation between 1926 and 1945. For other airlines of that name, see Lufthansa (disambiguation). Deutsche Luft Hansa IATA …   Wikipedia

  • Submarine aircraft carrier — Submarine aircraft carriers are submarines equipped with fixed wing aircraft for observation or attack missions. These submarines saw their most extensive use during World War II, although their operational significance remained rather small. The …   Wikipedia

  • Great Pacific Garbage Patch — Die fünf größten zirkulierenden Meeresströmungen der Erde Plastikmüll am Strand der Dominikanischen Republik …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Müllstrudel — Die fünf größten zirkulierenden Meeresströmungen der Erde Plastikmüll am Strand der Dominikanischen Republik …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Nordpazifikwirbel — Die fünf größten zirkulierenden Meeresströmungen der Erde Plastikmüll am Strand der Dominikanischen Republik …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Plastikmüll in den Ozeanen — Die fünf größten zirkulierenden Driftströme der Erde …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Marine debris — on the Hawaiian coast Marine debris, also known as marine litter, is human created waste that has deliberately or accidentally become afloat in a lake, sea, ocean or waterway. Oceanic debris tends to accumulate at the centre of gyres and on… …   Wikipedia

  • Curtis Ebbesmeyer — Ebbesmeyer with flotsam he uses to monitor ocean currents Curtis Charles Ebbesmeyer is an American oceanographer who, in retirement, has studied the movement of flotsam. He came to public attention through his interest in The First Years rubber… …   Wikipedia

  • Charles C. Ebbesmeyer — Curtis C. Ebbesmeyer mit Plastikstrandgut. Charles Curtis Ebbesmeyer (* 24. April 1943 in Los Angeles, Kalifornien, USA), ist ein US amerikanischer Ozeanograph, im Ruhestand. Er erforschte die Meeresströmungen anhand der Bewegung von Treibgut in… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Charles Curtis Ebbesmeyer — Curtis C. Ebbesmeyer mit Plastikstrandgut. Charles Curtis Ebbesmeyer (* 24. April 1943 in Los Angeles, Kalifornien, USA) ist ein US amerikanischer Ozeanograph im Ruhestand. Er erforschte die Meeresströmungen anhand der Bewegung von Treibgut in… …   Deutsch Wikipedia