John Gualbert


John Gualbert

Infobox Saint
name=Saint John Gualbert
birth_date=985
death_date=1073
feast_day=12 July
venerated_in=Roman Catholic Church


imagesize=250px
caption="St John Gualbert." Fresco by Neri di Bicci, Santa Trìnita di Firenze in Firenze
birth_place=Florence, Italy
death_place=Passignano sul Trasimeno, Province of Perugia, Umbria, Italy
titles=Abbot
beatified_date=
beatified_place=
beatified_by=
canonized_date=1193
canonized_place=Rome
canonized_by=Pope Celestine III
attributes=
patronage=forest workers; foresters; park rangers; parks
major_shrine=
issues=
prayer=
prayer_attrib=

Saint John Gualbert, also known as Giovanni Gualberto or John Gualberto (985 or 995 - 12 July 1073) was a Roman Catholic saint, the founder of the Vallumbrosan Order. He was a member of the Visdomini family of Florentine nobility. One Good Friday he was entering Florence accompanied by armed followers, when in a narrow lane he came upon a man who had killed his brother. He was about to kill the man in revenge, when the other fell upon his knees with arms outstretched in the form of a cross and begged for mercy in the name of Christ, who had been crucified on that day. John forgave him. He entered the Benedictine Church at San Miniato to pray, and the figure on the crucifix bowed its head to him in recognition of his generosity. This story forms the subject of Burne-Jones's picture "The Merciful Knight", and has been adapted by Shorthouse in "John Inglesant".

John Gualbert became a Benedictine monk at San Miniato. He fought actively against simony, of which both his abbot, Oberto, and the Bishop of Florence, Pietro Mezzabarba, were guilty. Unwilling to compromise with them, he left the monastery to lead a more perfect life. His attraction was for the cenobitic, and not eremitic life, so after staying for some time with the monks at Camaldoli, he settled at Vallombrosa, where he founded his monastery. Mabillon estimates its foundation before 1038.

Veneration

He was canonized in the year 1193 by Pope Celestine III.

St John Gualbert feast was not included in the Tridentine Calendar, but was added in 1595 to the Roman Catholic calendar of saints whose celebration was obligatory wherever the Roman Rite was used. Owing to its limited worldwide importance, his feast was removed from that calendar in 1969. ["Calendarium Romanum" (Libreria Editrice Vaticana, 1969), p. 129] 12 July continues to be his feast day, as indicated in the Roman Martyrology. ["Martyrologium Romanum" (Libreria Editrice Vaticana, 2001 ISBN 88-209-7210-7)] and, according to the new rules given in the Roman Missal of the same year, he may now be celebrated everywhere with his own Mass on that day, unless in some locality an obligatory celebration is assigned to the same day. [ [http://www.acbc.catholic.org.au/documents/200707031933.pdf General Instruction of the Roman Missal,] 355 c]

He is the patron of foresters, park rangers, and parks. [ [http://saints.sqpn.com/saintj62.htm Patron Saints Index: "St John Gualbert"] ]

References

*Catholic

ee also

*Vallombrosian Order

External links

* [http://www.catholic-forum.com/saints/saintj62.htm Patron Saints Index: "St John Gualbert"]
* [http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/0712.htm Saint Patrick Catholic Church - Saint of the Day: July 12 - "John Gualbert"]
* [http://www.catholic.org/saints/saint.php?saint_id=358 Catholic Online - Saints & Angels: "St John Gualbert, Abbot"]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • John Gualbert — (c. 990–1073)    Order Founder and Saint.    John was a Benedictine monk, first at San Miniato, Italy and then at Camaldoli. Later in Vallumbrosa, he formed his own community based on a modified form of the Rule of St Benedict, but with a greater …   Who’s Who in Christianity

  • Patron Saint of Foresters — John Gualbert …   Eponyms, nicknames, and geographical games

  • Vallumbrosan Order — • Founded by St. John Gualbert, son of the noble Florentine Gualbert Visdomini Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Vallumbrosan Order     Vallumbrosan Order      …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Vallumbrosan Order — The Vallumbrosan Order (or Vallombrosians) is a Roman Catholic religious order, technically a Benedictine congregation, which derives its name from the motherhouse, Vallombrosa (Latin Vallis umbrosa , shady valley ), situated c. 30 km from… …   Wikipedia

  • The Benedictine Order —     The Benedictine Order     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► The Benedictine Order     The Benedictine Order comprises monks living under the Rule of St. Benedict, and commonly known as black monks . The order will be considered in this article under… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Proclaim! — infobox television show name = Proclaim! caption = format = News program, Catholic Mass runtime = Proclaim! 30 Minutes Altoona Johnstown Diocese Mass 60 Minutes creator = Deacon John Sroka host = Rev. Chuck Bridges, Bishop Joseph V. Adamec,… …   Wikipedia

  • Juan Gualberto — San Juan Gualberto Fresco de Neri di Bicci, en la iglesia de Santa Trinita, San Giovanni Gualberto (detalle) …   Wikipedia Español

  • Lay Brothers — • Religious occupied solely with manual labour and with the secular affairs of a monastery or friary Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Lay Brothers     Lay Brothers      …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Italy — /it l ee/, n. a republic in S Europe, comprising a peninsula S of the Alps, and Sicily, Sardinia, Elba, and other smaller islands: a kingdom 1870 1946. 57,534,088; 116,294 sq. mi. (301,200 sq. km). Cap.: Rome. Italian, Italia. * * * Italy… …   Universalium

  • General Roman Calendar as in 1954 — The following is a list of the feast days of the General Roman Calendar as it was in 1954. It thus incorporates changes that were made by Pope Pius XI (1922 1939), such as the institution of the Feast of Christ the King, but not those made in… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.