- John Gualbert
name=Saint John Gualbert
Roman Catholic Church
caption="St John Gualbert." Fresco by
Neri di Bicci, Santa Trìnita di Firenzein Firenze
Passignano sul Trasimeno, Province of Perugia, Umbria, Italy
Pope Celestine III
foresters; park rangers; parks
Saint John Gualbert, also known as Giovanni Gualberto or John Gualberto (985 or 995 -
12 July 1073) was a Roman Catholic saint, the founder of the Vallumbrosan Order. He was a member of the Visdomini family of Florentinenobility. One Good Fridayhe was entering Florenceaccompanied by armed followers, when in a narrow lane he came upon a man who had killed his brother. He was about to kill the man in revenge, when the other fell upon his knees with arms outstretched in the form of a cross and begged for mercy in the name of Christ, who had been crucified on that day. John forgave him. He entered the Benedictine Church at San Miniatoto pray, and the figure on the crucifix bowed its head to him in recognition of his generosity. This story forms the subject of Burne-Jones's picture "The Merciful Knight", and has been adapted by Shorthouse in "John Inglesant".
John Gualbert became a Benedictine monk at San Miniato. He fought actively against
simony, of which both his abbot, Oberto, and the Bishop of Florence, Pietro Mezzabarba, were guilty. Unwilling to compromise with them, he left the monastery to lead a more perfect life. His attraction was for the cenobitic, and not eremitic life, so after staying for some time with the monks at Camaldoli, he settled at Vallombrosa, where he founded his monastery. Mabillonestimates its foundation before 1038.
He was canonized in the year 1193 by
Pope Celestine III.
St John Gualbert feast was not included in the
Tridentine Calendar, but was added in 1595 to the Roman Catholic calendar of saintswhose celebration was obligatory wherever the Roman Ritewas used. Owing to its limited worldwide importance, his feast was removed from that calendar in 1969. ["Calendarium Romanum" (Libreria Editrice Vaticana, 1969), p. 129] 12 Julycontinues to be his feast day, as indicated in the Roman Martyrology. ["Martyrologium Romanum" (Libreria Editrice Vaticana, 2001 ISBN 88-209-7210-7)] and, according to the new rules given in the Roman Missalof the same year, he may now be celebrated everywhere with his own Mass on that day, unless in some locality an obligatory celebration is assigned to the same day. [ [http://www.acbc.catholic.org.au/documents/200707031933.pdf General Instruction of the Roman Missal,] 355 c]
He is the patron of
foresters, park rangers, and parks. [ [http://saints.sqpn.com/saintj62.htm Patron Saints Index: "St John Gualbert"] ]
* [http://www.catholic-forum.com/saints/saintj62.htm Patron Saints Index: "St John Gualbert"]
* [http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/0712.htm Saint Patrick Catholic Church - Saint of the Day: July 12 - "John Gualbert"]
* [http://www.catholic.org/saints/saint.php?saint_id=358 Catholic Online - Saints & Angels: "St John Gualbert, Abbot"]
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