Variant Chinese character


Variant Chinese character

Variant Chinese characters (zh-tsp|t=異體字|s=异体字|p=yìtǐzì) are Chinese characters that can be used interchangeably. They are allographs, having the same pronunciation and meaning, but being different in appearance. Some characters are interchangeable in all circumstances, while others are interchangeable only in some contexts and are distinct in others.

Variant Chinese characters exist within and across all regions making use of Chinese characters, whether Chinese-speaking (mainland China, Hong Kong, Macau, Taiwan, Singapore), Japanese-speaking (Japan), or Korean-speaking (North Korea, South Korea).

Many of the governments in the above places have made efforts to standardize the use of variants, by establishing one or more variants as "standard" and demoting the other variants as "nonstandard". The choice of which variant to use has resulted in some divergence in the Chinese characters used in mainland China, Hong Kong, Taiwan, Japan, and Korea; this effect compounds with the already drastic divergence in the standard Chinese character sets of these regions resulting from the character simplications pursued by mainland China and by Japan.

Unicode deals with variant characters in a complex manner, as a result of the process of Han unification. In Han unification, some variants that are nearly identical between Chinese-, Japanese-, Korean-speaking regions are treated as the same character, and can only be distinguished using different fonts; while other variants that are more divergent are treated as separate characters.

Example Characters

The following are some examples of variant forms of Chinese characters:

External links

* [http://dict.variants.moe.edu.tw/ Dictionary of Chinese Character Variants]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Chinese character — Chinese pic=Hanzi.svg!200px picc Traditional Chinese (hanzi, kanji, hanja, and hán tự) Right: Chinese character in Simplified Chinese s=汉字 t=漢字 kanji=漢字 p=Audio|zh han4zi4.ogg|Hànzì j=hon3 zi6 poj=Hàn jī teo=hang3 ri7 lmz=IPA| [høz] hiragana=かんじ… …   Wikipedia

  • Chinese Character Code for Information Interchange — (中文資訊交換碼) or CCCII is a character set developed specifically to address the problem of interchange of Chinese information. It is used mostly by libraries because the code contains various properties considered to be desirable by libraries. CCCII… …   Wikipedia

  • Radical (Chinese character) — Bushu redirects here. For the former Japanese province, see Musashi Province. The Chinese character 採 cǎi, meaning ‘to pick’, with its ‘root’, the original, semantic (meaning bearing) graph on the right, colored red; and its later added,… …   Wikipedia

  • Variant — may refer to:*Z variant *Variant Chinese character *Chess variant *List of poker variants *Tetris variants *Orthographical variant *Variant symlinks *Variant magazine *Variant type, in programming languages *Volkswagen Variant, the German make s… …   Wikipedia

  • Chinese characters — Unless otherwise specified Chinese text in this article is written in the format (Simplified Chinese / Traditional Chinese; Pinyin). In cases where the Simplified and Traditional Chinese characters are identical, the Chinese term is written only… …   Wikipedia

  • Chinese numerals — Numeral systems by culture Hindu Arabic numerals Western Arabic (Hindu numerals) Eastern Arabic Indian family Tamil Burmese Khmer Lao Mongolian Thai East Asian numerals Chinese Japanese Suzhou Korean …   Wikipedia

  • Chinese dictionary — Chinese dictionaries date back over two millennia to the Eastern Zhou Dynasty, which is a significantly longer lexicographical history than any other language. There are hundreds of dictionaries for Chinese, and this article will introduce some… …   Wikipedia

  • Chinese script styles — Chinese characters Scripts Precursors · Oracle bone script · Bronze script · Seal script (large, small) · Clerical script · …   Wikipedia

  • Character encoding — Special characters redirects here. For the Wikipedia editor s handbook page, see Help:Special characters. A character encoding system consists of a code that pairs each character from a given repertoire with something else, such as a sequence of… …   Wikipedia

  • Chinese language — Unless otherwise specified, Chinese texts in this article are written in (Simplified Chinese/Traditional Chinese; Pinyin) format. In cases where Simplified and Traditional Chinese scripts are identical, the Chinese term is written once. Chinese… …   Wikipedia