- Laurence Eusden
Laurence Eusden (
1688- September 27, 1730), was an English poetwho became Poet Laureatein 1718.
Laurence Eusden was born in Spofforth in
North Yorkshirein 1688 (date unknown) to the Rev. Laurence Eusden, rector of Spofforth, Yorkshire. Eusden was baptized on 6 September 1688. He received his education at St Peter's School, York, and at Trinity College, Cambridge. He became a minor fellow of his college in 1711, and in the next year was admitted to a full fellowship.
Early on, Eusden had decided upon building a career through influence. For someone like him, well-educated, with a fellowship at Trinity, but without family money and without well-placed relations, there was no other way to advance in the world. He began to write, with the intention of using his ability to attract notice to himself.http://www.lincolnshire-web.co.uk/lincolnshire-illustrious/laurence_eusden2.htm] And with Newcastle's marriage he succeeded, as he was made Poet Laureate in 1718 by the
Lord Chamberlain, Thomas Pelham-Holles, 1st Duke of Newcastle, as a reward for a flattering poem on Pelham-Holles' marriage. [ [http://www.1911encyclopedia.org/E/EU/EUSDEN_LAURENCE.htm Laurence Eusden - LoveToKnow 1911 ] ]
Eusden, who was thirty years-old at the time of his appointment was also the youngest Poet Laureate. Eusden secured this post due to the death of the previous Poet Laureate, Nicholas Rowe, and the recommendation of
Joseph Addison. Upon his appointment, Eusden produced Birthday and New Year Odes for twelve years. [ [http://www.library.otago.ac.nz/Exhibitions/poet_laureate/pl_eusdenandcibber.html] Dead link|date=March 2008]
The last few years of his life were unhappy. http://www.lincolnshire-web.co.uk/lincolnshire-illustrious/laurence_eusden.htm] He was ordained as a cleric in the 1720s, [http://www.biologydaily.com/biology/Laurence_Eusden biology - Laurence Eusden ] ] and assumed the office of rector of
Coningsby, Lincolnshire, but his elevation to Poet Laureate brought him derision from his social and literary peers. . Eusden died at Coningsby on 27 September 1730.
Poetry and Criticism
Eusden's work is difficult to find. However, his [http://quartet.cs.unb.ca/tapor/cgi-bin/view-works.cgi?c=eusdenla.1564&pos=7 "The Origin Of The Knights Of The Bath"] [http://quartet.cs.unb.ca/tapor/cgi-bin/view-works.cgi?c=eusdenla.1564&pos=7] , dedicated to the young William Augustus, later Duke of Cumberland, is available online. Its first twelve lines are reproduced below as an instance of Eusden's laudatory style:
Though he produced many translations and gratulatory poems, Eusden's literary reputation is dominated by the satirical allusions of
Alexander Pope's satire " The Dunciad" [ [http://encyclopedia.jrank.org/EUD_FAT/EUSDEN_LAURENCE_1688_1730_.html LAURENCE EUSDEN (1688 - Online Information article about LAURENCE EUSDEN (1688 ] ] : e.g. "Know, Eusden thirsts no more for sack or praise; He sleeps among the dull of ancient days."
In addition to Pope's skewering of Eusden's abilities,
Thomas Gray, author of " [http://www.thomasgray.org/cgi-bin/display.cgi?text=elcc Elegy Written in a Country Churchyard] ", said that "Eusden set out well in life, but afterwards turned out a drunkard and besotted his faculties"."
* [http://encyclopedia.jrank.org/EUD_FAT/EUSDEN_LAURENCE_1688_1730_.html Online Encyclopedia]
* [http://www.library.otago.ac.nz/Exhibitions/poet_laureate/pl_eusdenandcibber.html Otago U]
* [http://www.lincolnshire-web.co.uk/lincolnshire-illustrious/laurence_eusden2.htm Lincolnshire-web]
* [http://www.lincolnshire-web.co.uk/lincolnshire-illustrious/laurence_eusden.htm Lincolnshire-web]
* [http://quartet.cs.unb.ca/tapor/cgi-bin/view-works.cgi?c=eusdenla.1564&pos=7 THE ORIGIN OF THE KNIGHTS OF THE BATH]
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Laurence Eusden — (1688 27 septembre 1730) est un poète anglais jugé assez médiocre qui est devenu néanmoins poète lauréat en 1718. Vie Fils du révérend Laurence Eusden, recteur de Spofforth, Yorkshire, Laurence Eusden naît à Spofforth, dans le Yorkshire du Nord,… … Wikipédia en Français
Eusden, Laurence — (1688 1730) Son of the Rev. Laurence Eusden, rector of Spofforth, Yorkshire, educated at St. Peter s School, York, he graduated M.A. from Trinity College, Cambridge, in 1708. Following a flattering poem (some said sycophantic), A Poem on the… … British and Irish poets
Eusden — biographical name Laurence 1688 1730 English poet; poet laureate (1718 30) … New Collegiate Dictionary
Eusden — Eus•den [[t]ˈyuz dən[/t]] n. big Laurence, 1688–1730, English poet: poet laureate 1718–30 … From formal English to slang
Eusden, Laurence — ▪ British poet baptized Sept. 6, 1688, Spofforth, Yorkshire, Eng. died Sept. 27, 1730, Coningsby, Lincolnshire British poet who, by flattering the Duke of Newcastle, was made poet laureate in 1718. He became rector of Coningsby and held the … Universalium
Poets laureate of Britain — ▪ Table Poets laureate of Britain John Dryden (Dryden, John) 1668 89 Thomas Shadwell (Shadwell, Thomas) 1689 92 Nahum Tate (Tate, Nahum) 1692 1715 Nicholas Rowe (Rowe, Nicholas) 1715 18 Laurence Eusden (Eusden, Laurence) 1718 30 Colley Cibber… … Universalium
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