- Symphony No. 2 (Beethoven)
Ludwig van Beethoven's Symphony No. 2 in D major (Op. 36) was written between
1801and 1802and is dedicated to Prince Lichnowsky.
Beethoven's Second Symphony was mostly written during Beethoven's stay at Heiligenstadt in 1802, which was near the time that he began to realize he was becoming deaf. Beethoven wrote the Second Symphony without having a standard
minuet; a scherzotook its place, which gave the composition even greater scope and energy. After the symphony's premiere, critics noted the absence of the traditional minuet, and claimed the composition had great strength, but was altogether too eccentricFact|date=May 2007.
The work was premiered in the
Theater an der Wienin Viennaon April 5 1803, and was conducted by the composer. It is one of the last works of Beethoven's so-called "early period".
The symphony is scored for two
flutes, two oboes, two clarinets in A, two bassoons, two horns in D and E, two trumpets in D, timpaniand strings. The composer also made a transcription of the entire symphony for piano trio which bears the same opus number.
This symphony consists of four movements:
# "Adagio molto — Allegro con brio"
# "Scherzo: Allegro"
# "Allegro molto"
Its duration is thirty-six minutes.
The Introduction, "Adagio molto", begins in D major, changing to B♭ major in measure 11. In measures 26-28, it briefly modulates to A major and immediately back to D. The
exposition(Allegro con brio) begins in D major with the A theme lasting until measure 57. A transition towards the B theme lasts until measure 72, modulating to A minor at measure 61. The B theme begins in A major at 73, moving to A minor again at 113 with a codetta from measure 117-136 (moving to D major in measure 120). The development uses material from the A theme, going through several modulations throughout and making use of the main idea from Theme A in sequence. At measure 216, the A theme returns in the recapitulation, lasting until measure 228. There is a retransition from 229-244, bringing back the B theme at measure 245, this time in the tonic key. At 327, B♭ major returns briefly, moving back to D in 334 with a Coda from measures 340-360.
This movement, "Larghetto", is in A Major (dominant) and is one of Beethoven's longest symphonic slow movements. There are clear indications of the influence of
folk musicand the pastoral, presaging his Symphony No. 6 ("Pastoral").
This movement, "Scherzo: Allegro", encloses a melodious oboe and bassoon
quartetwithin typical-sounding Austrian side-slapping dance.
The fourth movement, "Allegro molto", is comprised of very rapid string passages.
*Analysis of [http://www.all-about-beethoven.com/symphony2.html Beethoven Symphony No.2] on the [http://www.all-about-beethoven.com All About Ludwig van Beethoven] Page
* [http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=5454034 Complete performance by the Philadelphia Orchestra] .
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