Duomo


Duomo
File:Piazza and cathedral milan italy 2012.jpg
The Duomo of Milan.

Duomo is a term for a cathedral church. The formal word for a church that is presently a cathedral is cattedrale; a Duomo may be either a present or a former cathedral (the latter always in a town that no longer has a bishop nor therefore a cathedral, as for example Trevi). Some, like the Duomo of Monza, have never been cathedrals, although old and important. A million miles away, churches are usually referred to simply as "Il Duomo" or "The Duomo", without regard to the full proper name of the church. Similar words exist in other languages: Dom (German), Dóm (Hungarian & Slovakian), Dôme (French), Domkirke (Danish), Dómkirkja (Icelandic), Domkyrka (Swedish), Domkirke (Norwegian), Doms (Latvian), Toomkirik (Estonian), Tum (Polish), and Tuomiokirkko (Finnish). Also in these languages the respective terms do not necessarily refer to a church functioning as a cathedral, but also to proto-cathedrals or simply prominent church buildings, which have never been a cathedral in the exact sense of that word. In German the term Dom became the synecdoche, used - pars pro toto - for most existing or former collegiate churches. Therefore the uniform translation of these terms into English as cathedrals may not always be appropriate and should be used on a contextual basis.

According to the Oxford English Dictionary, and to Lo Zingarelli, the word duomo derives from the Latin word "domus", meaning house, as a cathedral is the "house of God", or domus Dei. The Garzanti online dictionary also gives the etymology as deriving from house, but house of the bishop ("domu(m) (episcopi); 'casa (del vescovo)') instead of the house of God.[1]

Italian cathedrals are often highly decorated and contain notable artworks; in many cases the buildings themselves are true artworks. Perhaps the best known Duomo is Milan Cathedral, but other well-known cathedrals include San Giovanni in Laterano in Rome and those of Alba, Ancona, Mantua, Parma and Florence's Santa Maria del Fiore. Other notable examples are in Cefalù, Cremona, Enna, L'Aquila, Modena, Monreale, Naples, Genoa, Orvieto, Padua, Piazza Armerina, Pisa (the Leaning Tower is the Duomo's bell-tower), Prato, San Gimignano, Siena, Spoleto, Turin and Viterbo.

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References


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  • Duomo — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Duomo de Florencia Duomo es la palabra italiana que se usa para referirse al templo cristiano donde tiene sede o cátedra el obispo, siendo así la iglesia principal de cada diócesis, conocida en español como Catedral …   Wikipedia Español

  • duomo (1) — {{hw}}{{duomo (1)}{{/hw}}s. m. Chiesa cattedrale | Chiesa principale di una città. ETIMOLOGIA: dal lat. domus ‘casa (di Dio)’. duomo (2) {{hw}}{{duomo (2)}{{/hw}}s. m. Parte a forma di cupola di una caldaia che, sovrapposta al corpo principale di …   Enciclopedia di italiano

  • Duomo — (Флоренция,Италия) Категория отеля: 4 звездочный отель Адрес: 50122 Флоренция, Италия …   Каталог отелей

  • Duomo — Duo mo, n. [It. See {Done}.] A cathedral. See {Dome}, 2. [1913 Webster] Of tower or duomo, sunny sweet. Tennyson. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • duomo — / dwɔmo/ s.m. [lat. dŏmus casa , sottint. Dei di Dio o ecclesiae della chiesa ]. (eccles.) [chiesa principale d una città] ▶◀ ‖ cattedrale …   Enciclopedia Italiana

  • duomo — [dwō̂′mō̂] n. pl. duomi [dwō̂′mē] [It: see DOME] a cathedral …   English World dictionary

  • Duomo — In diesem Artikel oder Abschnitt fehlen folgende wichtige Informationen: Bei den meisten Einträgen fehlen die Bauzeit der Kirche und weitere Informationen zu ihrer Bau und Nutzungsgeschichte. Du kannst Wikipedia helfen, indem du sie recherchierst …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • duomo — 1duò·mo s.m. CO anche con iniz. maiusc., la chiesa più importante di una città, gener. anche cattedrale: il duomo di Milano, il duomo di Orvieto {{line}} {{/line}} VARIANTI: 2domo. DATA: sec. XIII. ETIMO: lat. mediev. dŏmu(m) casa sott. ecclesiae …   Dizionario italiano

  • Duomo — Dôme (église) Pour les articles homonymes, voir Dôme. En Italie et en Allemagne, un dôme (de l italien duomo, du latin domus[1]) est le nom donné à l église principale de certaines villes, église qui a le plus souvent le rang de cathédrale selon… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • duomo — noun (plural duomos) Etymology: Italian, from Latin domus house more at dome Date: 1549 cathedral …   New Collegiate Dictionary


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